Volume 45 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

N

Nacogdoches, 553, 554n

nails. See Jefferson, Thomas: Nailery

Namur (Namen), 437n

Nanna Hubba Island, 553, 554n

Nantaquas, 525-6

Nantes, France, 600n

Naples

U.S. relations with, 178, 181, 231

quarantine at, 230, 522

Napoleon, Emperor of the French (Napoleon Bonaparte)

coronation of, 231, 234n

declared emperor, 344n, 385

and Haiti, 387-8

rejects U.S. claim to W. Fla., 414n

TJ’s alleged admiration for, 473n

and Italy, 523

makes peace overtures to Britain, 523, 524n, 599

enmity toward U.S., 596

preferable to Bourbons, 596

Narrative of Captain David Woodard and Four Seamen (David Woodard), 28, 269, 696

Nashville, Tenn., 464

Natchez, 420n, 464

See also Mississippi Territory

Natchitoches, 98, 553-4

National Aegis (Worcester), 635-6

National Intelligencer (Washington)

and TJ’s inaugural address, 634, 635, 657n

advertisement of postal contracts, 686

See also Smith, Samuel Harrison

Native Americans

Apaches

population of, in Louisiana District, 35, 36n

Arikaras

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Caddos

delegation visits Natchitoches, 553-4

establishment of trade, friendship with, 553-4

Cherokees

relocation, removal of, 271, 284

road through lands of, 506, 515, 527

land claimed in Tenn., 700n

Cheyennes

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Chickasaws

delegation to Washington, vii, 698, 699-700n

relocation, removal of, 271, 284

agent to, 375-6

treaties with U.S., 376n, 699n

claim Nanna Hubba Island, 553, 554n

acculturation of, 698, 700-1

friendship with U.S., 698, 700n

land cessions sought from, 698-701

debts of, 699, 700n

annuity for, 700-1

delegation to Philadelphia (1794), 700n

land claimed in Tenn., 700n

See also Chinubbee (Chenabie, Chickasaw leader); Mingo Mattaha (Chickasaw leader); Tishoo Hooluhta (Chickasaw leader); Tishumustubbee (Okoye, Tishomingo, Chickasaw leader)

Choctaws

rent land to settlers, 226

trading house, factory, 279n, 284

land cessions sought from, 284, 320

relocation, removal of, 284

treaty with U.S., 334-6

summary of land cessions from, 335

Comanches

population of, in Louisiana District, 35, 36n

Creeks (Muskogees, Muscogees)

land cessions sought from, 166-8

treaty with, rejected by Senate, 166-8

relocation, removal of, 284

road through land of, 320, 464

wish to send delegation to Washington, 321n

land cessions from, 335

treaty with U.S., 335

executed for crime in Spanish Louisiana, 352

west of the Mississippi, 352, 492-3n

Culture

acculturation, 24n, 654, 698, 700-1

accused of resisting innovation, change, 631-2, 635, 641-2, 649, 650, 652, 654-5

Delawares

land cessions by, 24-5, 188-9, 193, 335

treaty with U.S., 24-5, 106-7, 320, 335, 501-2

acculturation of, 24n

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Economy

fur and peltry trade, 612, 614

gunpowder for trade, 704, 705

Foxes (Renards)

land cessions by, vii, 188, 262-3, 334-5

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

treaty with U.S., 262-3, 334-5, 490, 492, 501-2

rumored gathering of, 611, 614

Gros Ventres

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

conflated with Hidatsas by French, 36n

Haudenosaunee (Six Nations, Iroquois)

claim land in Ohio, 583n

and Indiana Company, 617

Hidatsas

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

conflated with Gros Ventres by French, 36n

Iowas

wish to send delegation to Washington, 33, 34, 319, 320n

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

addressed by Lewis and Clark, 35n

rumored gathering of, 611, 614

Kansas

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

conflict with Little Osages, 611, 614

Kaskaskias

land cessions by, 262-3n, 335

treaty with U.S., 335

Mandans

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

and Lewis and Clark expedition, 44, 45, 296, 491, 492, 493, 611, 613

Miamis

oppose land cessions by other tribes, 188-9

Missouris

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Ojibwas (Chippewas)

land cessions sought from, 582-3n

Omahas

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

and Lewis and Clark expedition, 46n, 611, 613

Osages

mill on lands of, 34, 319, 320n

send delegation to Washington, 34

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

relations with Chouteaus, 46n

conflict with Sacs and Foxes, 263n

trade with, 271

Arkansas band, 319, 320n

divisions among, 490, 491-2, 611-12, 614, 615n

murders committed by, 490, 491, 611, 614

Little Osage band, 611, 614

theft committed by, 612, 614

See also White Hair (Cheveux Blancs, Pawhuska, Osage leader)

Otoes

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Ottawas

land cessions sought from, 582-3n

Pawnees

Chawi (Grand) band, 35

Kitkahahki (Republican) band, 35

population of, 35

Skiri band (Loups), 35

establishment of trade, friendship with, 553-4

Peorias

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Piankashaws

treaty with U.S., 24-5, 106-7, 320, 501-2

relinquish land claims, 24n, 188-9

land cessions by, 335

Poncas

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Quapaws

population of, in Louisiana District, 35, 36n

Relations with Non-Indians

theft, robbery, 24n, 263n, 320, 490, 491, 612, 614

land titles, 163-4, 617

murders, 189n, 263n, 319, 320-1n, 352, 490, 491, 611, 614, 615n

encroachment on lands, 226, 553, 554n

rental of land to settlers, 226

legends of Welsh Indians, 401-2

land companies seek cessions, 581-2

Sacs (Sauks)

land cessions by, vii, 188, 262-3, 334-5

wish to send delegation to Washington, 33, 34, 319, 320n

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

murder of settlers by, 189n, 319, 320n

treaty with U.S., 262-3, 334-5, 490, 492, 501-2

rumored gathering of, 611, 614

Seminoles

invited to Pensacola by Folch, 553

Shawnees

population of, in Louisiana District, 35, 36n

Sioux

wish to send delegation to Washington, 33, 34, 319, 320n, 612-13, 614-15

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

addressed by Lewis and Clark, 35n

and Carver’s Grant, 164n

trade with, 271

rumored gathering of, 611, 614

U.S. Policy

sale of land cessions, vii

summary of land cessions, vii, 334-6

treaties, 24-5, 334-6, 501-2

annuities, presents, 24n, 262-3, 502n, 700-1

relocation of Native Americans to upper Louisiana, 122, 198, 271, 284, 699

recognition of land titles, 163-4, 174, 617

U.S. seeks land cessions, 166-8, 188-9, 262-3, 334-6, 582-3n, 698-701

opposition by Native Americans to land cessions, 188-9, 583n

relations governed by commerce rather than arms, 262

trading houses, factories, 263n, 284, 502n, 553-4

encouragement of trade, 271, 319-20

exclusion of British from fur, peltry trade, 271, 319

and western exploration, 271

regulation of trade, 319-20

restrictions on alcohol, 320, 375-6

roads through Native Americans’ lands, 320, 506, 515, 527

agents, 375-6

rumored alliances against U.S., 491, 492-3, 611-12, 613-15

peace medals, 612, 614

Wichitas

population of, in Louisiana District, 35

Wyandots

land cessions sought from, 582-3n

Nature Displayed, in Her Mode of Teaching Language to Man (Nicolas Gouin Dufief), 253n, 269, 309n, 456

Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 224-5

Nautilus (U.S. schooner), 264n, 550n

Navy, U.S.

letter from, 165

appropriations and expenditures, 61n, 142-3, 165, 429-30

gunpowder for, 63, 92, 704-6

navy agents, 231-2

books for, 369-70, 477

floating batteries, 424, 428

provisions, 432

reduction of, 472n

clothing contracts, 587

navy yards, 607-8, 628

children apply for appointment in, 672-3

reinforcement of Mediterranean squadron, 703

See also gunboats; Smith, Robert; Tripoli

Navy Yard Tradesmen

letter from, 607-8

congratulate TJ on his reelection, 607-8

inaugural parade by, 608n, 628

letter from cited, 608n

Nelson, Horatio, 231

Nelson, Roger

as reference, 56, 82

dines with TJ, 715, 720, 724

Netherlands

encouragement of colonization, 380

immigration from, 381

passports for U.S. vessels, 395-6

Napoleon increases control over, 523

U.S. debt to, 548n

neutral rights

British violations of, xlviii, 9-13

Nevitt, William, 459

New, Anthony

dines with TJ, 715, 720, 728

declines dinner invitation, 724

New Abridgment of the Law (Matthew Bacon), 483

New American Practical Navigator (Nathaniel Bowditch), 513n

New Bedford, Mass.

collector at, 137-8, 158, 199-200, 360, 737

Newberry, Roger

letter from, 581-3

seeks cession of Native American lands in Ohio, 581-3

New Bourbon, 349

New Brunswick, N.J., 254n

New Chronological Abridgment of the History of England (Charles Home), 503, 557

New England Mississippi Land Company, 200n, 679n

New-England Palladium (Boston)

prints “Monarchy of Federalism” criticizing TJ, 472-3n, 632

New Enquiry into the Suspension of Vital Action, in Cases of Drowning and Suffocation (Anthony Fothergill), 695

New Hampshire

and election of 1804, 6, 50, 51, 78-9, 323, 361

printers, newspapers, 7n

and potential repeal of three-fifths clause, 79

elections in, 323, 361, 558-9

postal service in, 425

See also Federalists; Republicans

New Hampshire Bible Society, 559n

New Jersey

iron manufacturing in, 171n

Suckasunny, 171n

New Jersey, College of (Princeton), 170n, 495-6n, 535n, 544n

New Madrid, 98, 198, 350, 352

New Market, Va., 501

New Orleans

collector at, 16, 574, 711

surveyor at, 16, 74-5, 129, 162, 570, 571n, 574, 575, 577, 711, 713

arrest of Spanish officer in, 36, 37n

French, Spanish administration of, 72-3

French, Spanish influence in, 72-3

demand for slaves at, 74

militia, 74, 75n

memorial from merchants of, 74-5

yellow fever in, 77, 86, 120, 474-5

establishment of post road from Washington to, 77-8, 150, 217-21, 312, 446-7, 464-5, 559-60, 567

U.S. troops at, 97-8

Bayou St. John surveyorship, 105, 574

naval officer at, 105, 574

unhealthy climate of, 170

revenue cutter for, 175

and slave trade, 175, 385

Carondelet Canal, 222, 226

city commons, 222

fortifications in, 222

improvements to, 223

plan of, 226, 495

cost of living at, 316

newspapers, 326

French inhabitants of, 385

restoration of deposit at, 409

commercial potential of, 465

longitude of, 467n

enlargement of, 475

TJ’s checkerboard town plan suggested for, 475

courts, 496n

dueling at, 532-4

continued Spanish presence at, 553, 554n

alleged French involvement in termination of deposit at, 596-7

claims arising from closure of deposit at, 600n

as port of entry, 713n

See also Orleans Territory

New Orleans (ship), 143, 144

Newport, R.I.

collector at, 38-9, 59, 88, 558, 734, 735, 736

New Practical Navigator (John Hamilton Moore), 513n

newspapers

Republican, 7n, 280n, 541-2

Federalist, 213, 280n, 472-3n, 476, 541

TJ’s subscriptions to, 483, 540

and TJ’s inaugural address, 634-6

See also press, freedom of

Newsum, William, 65

Newton, Sir Isaac, 4

Newton, Thomas

letter to, 132-3

and T. Armistead, 64

described as a moderate Republican, 65

TJ resends letter to, 133n

and Greenlaw’s testimony, 156n

offered appointment as collector at Norfolk, 172, 201-2

letter from cited, 737

Newton, Thomas, Jr.

letter from, 441

characterized, 65, 66

forwards wine samples to TJ, 298

recommends aspirant for office, 441

reports amendment to post office bill, 560

dines with TJ, 716, 722, 727

New York

insolvent debtors, 257, 258n

collection of direct taxes in, 337-8

elections in, 338n

Onondaga Co., 350

salt deposits in, 350

severe cold in, 378

Council of Appointment, 448

judges, 592

See also Federalists; Republicans

New York Chamber of Commerce, 292, 294, 295n

New York City

severe cold at, li, 314n, 462, 676

British frigates at, 9-13

health officer at, 63

grocers, 256-7

yellow fever in, 257n

attorneys, 280n

newspapers, 280n

chamber of commerce, 292, 294, 295n

plans for defense of, 357, 423-5, 432

banks, 387, 394, 548n

specie shortage in, 387, 394, 548-9

German Society, 388n

immigrants in, 388n

cost of fuel at, 676

New-York Evening Post, 280n, 636

Niagara, Fort, 97

Nicholas, Margaret Smith, 54

Nicholas, Philip Norborne

dines with TJ, 727

declines dinner invitation, 729

Nicholas, Robert Carter, 129, 139

Nicholas, Wilson Cary

letters to, 133-4, 201-2

letters from, 54, 64-6, 171-2

resigns as collector at Norfolk, 54, 65-6, 171-2, 201-2

advises on successor as collector, 64-6, 133

observations on Va. politics, 64-6, 133-4

letter from cited, 735

Nichols, William (R.I.)

letter from cited, 736

Nicholson, Joseph H.

letters to, 49, 428-30

letters from, 41, 141, 407

and committee for defense of harbors, 41, 49, 61n, 407, 428-30

as reference, 57, 82

and A. Welsh’s claim, 68, 141

presents Orleans Terr. memorial, 119n

considered for appointment as U.S. attorney general, 275

TJ sends views on harbor defense to, 428-30

Chase impeachment trial manager, 562n

dines with TJ, 562n, 715, 716, 724, 726, 729

furniture for President’s House, 601-2

Nicholson, William

Introduction to Natural Philosophy, 511, 512n

Nicoll, Abimael Y., 330

Nicolson, Andrew, 22

Nightingale (schooner), 489

Nile River, 281

Nivison, John, 65-6

Noland, Mrs.

letter from, 22-3

asks TJ for money, xii, 22-3

identified, 23n

Norden, Frederik Ludvig

Voyage d’Égypte et de Nubie, 15

Norfolk, Va.

collector at, 54, 65-6, 132-3, 171-2, 201-2

navy yard at, 133-4, 531n

construction of gunboats at, 134

murders in, 156n

newspapers, 192n

Catholic church in, 298n

merchants, 298n

physicians, 298n

yellow fever in, 474-5

bridges, 505, 531-2

Norfolk Drawbridge Company, 505, 531-2, 567

Norfolk Gazette and Public Advertiser, 192n

North Carolina

counterfeiting in, 60, 155-6

slave trade in, 156n

Slade’s Creek surveyorship, 223, 417, 575, 712

Cabarrus Co., 391

gold mining in, 391

Lower Saura Town, 447

Scull Camp, 464

Wilkes Co., 464

road through Cherokee lands, 506, 515, 527

Buncombe Co., 506n

Scott Creek, 506n

Rutherford Co., 560n

North River (Missouri), 263n

North West Company, 683n

Norwood, Charles, 75n

Notes on the State of Virginia

on manufacturing, x, xii, 236-7, 297, 675, 677-8

revision of suggested, x-xi, 236-7, 297

requests for copies of, 28

new edition, 236

criticism of, 236-7

praise for, 418

lists tribal names, 493n

on manners and morals, 676-7

Nourse, Joseph, 592n

Nouveau Buffon de la jeunesse, ou, Précis élémentaire de l’histoire naturelle à l’usage des jeunes gens des deux sexes (Georges Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon), 368, 389, 390, 430, 431, 702

Nouveau commentaire sur l’ordonnance de la marine (René Josué Valin), 358, 359, 363, 364

Nouveau dictionnaire de poche de la langue française, avec la prononciation (Pierre Marie Sébastian Catineau-Laroche), 480, 507, 530, 702

Nouvel abrégé chronologique de l’histoire de France (Charles Jean François Henault), 140

Nouvelle théorie de la formation des filons (Abraham Gottlob Werner), 16

Nowell, Simon, 579n

Nowland, John, 608n

Nye, John, 199n

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z