Native Americans

12 January 1801

Jefferson sends to a plantation owner and naturalist in Mississippi his observations on weather and climate, rainbows, and Indian vocabularies.

3 November 1802

Jefferson addresses a Seneca leader as “brother,” praises his efforts at social and economic improvement, and discusses a sale of land by the Senecas.

29 December 1802

Jefferson outlines policies for a consolidation of settlement along the Mississippi River that will require some Indians to live within greatly reduced borders and some to relinquish claims to land east of the river.

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