Volume 41 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

S

S

Sabine Lake, 258n

Sabine River

description of, 619n

as Louisiana boundary, 132, 169, 175, 176, 249, 258n, 335, 432, 433, 434n, 619n

St. Andrews, University of, 562n

St. Augustine, E. Fla., 404, 578

St. Bernard, Bay of. See Matagorda Bay

St. Charles, 176, 177n

St. Clair, Arthur, 656

Saint Croix River, 5, 600-1n

Saint-Domingue, W.I.

declares independence from France, 380n

French expeditionary force to, 236n, 556-7

immigrants from, xliv

insurrection, 209n, 236n, 380n, 556-8, 559

Ste. Genevieve, 65n, 176, 479, 625

St. Francis River, 615n

St. Joseph River, 323

St. Lawrence River, 329, 330

St. Louis, 59-60n, 472, 473n, 625, 634n

St. Louis, Fort, 324, 330

Saint Marys River, 5

Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de, xliv

St. Petersburg, Russia, 20n, 698, 702

St. Vincent, John Jervis, earl of, 39-40, 129n, 215, 217n

Salcedo, Manuel de

and boundary of Louisiana, 427-8

and transfer of Louisiana, 84, 295, 296n, 429n, 579, 634n

Salem, Mass.

naval officer at, 86-7, 697, 702

Sally (schooner), 581

Salmon, George (army officer), 86

salt

in Louisiana, 472-3, 479, 627

manufacture of, 468n, 626

price of, 626, 675

salt springs, 214, 217n, 326, 479, 626, 643n, 664, 675, 695

from Sardinia, 221

sea, 137n

taxes on, 426n

saltpeter, 99, 100, 101n, 137n

Salt River Baptist Association, 711n

Sammons, Thomas

identified, 671-2n

letter from, 671-2

as member of Eighth Congress, 545

recommends aspirants for office, 671-2

San Antonio, 619n

San Antonio River, 619n

Sandford, Thomas, 359n, 547

Sands, Joshua, 545, 550n

San Fernando de los Barrancas, Fort, 177n

Sanford, Nathan

appointed U.S. attorney, 121n, 179, 217, 340, 698, 702, 733

San Ildefonso, Treaty of (1800)

and boundaries of Louisiana, 321, 427-8, 433

and cession of Louisiana to France by Spain, 228, 236n, 327, 336-7, 427-8, 552-3n, 609-11, 639

Santa Bárbara (northern Mexico), 132

Santa Fe, 132, 248, 468, 619n

Saratoga Farmer (Ballston Spa, N.Y.), 638n

Sardinia, 220-1, 326

Sargent, Winthrop, 48n

Saskatchewan River, 91, 92n

Saunders, John, 86

Savage, Edward, xlii

Savage, Richard, 590, 594n

Savannah River, 492

Sawyer, Joseph, 24, 26n, 76

Say, Jean Baptiste

correspondence with TJ, 653n

expresses admiration for TJ, U.S., 651-3

identified, 652-3n

letter from, 651-3

Olbie, 652n

Traité d'économie politique, 651, 652, 653n

Sayre, Stephen

claim on Congress, 575-6

letter from, 575-6

seeks appointment, 575-6

Scheldt River, 413

Schenck, John G. L., 142-3

science

compatible with Christianity, 28n

evolution, 188n

extinction, 188n

museums, 187-9, 311

tides, 28-31

See also astronomy; botany; fossils

Scot, Robert, 566

Scotland

immigrants from, 74n, 137n, 270n, 410n, 572n

Scott, Alexander, 19n

Scott, Charles, 389n, 460

Scott, Edward, 688, 694

Scott, Gustavus, 418

Scott, Joseph T., 70, 75, 115, 179

screws

price of, 740

wood, 104, 141, 174, 381, 406, 531, 581, 737

sea letters. See passports

seamen

certificates of citizenship for, 375, 422-3n

expenditures on distressed seamen, 236n

See also hospitals; impressment

Seaver, Ebenezer, 545

Selby, William, 729-30

Semmes, Joseph, 695

Sergeant, John, 233, 570n

Serraire, François, 237

servants. See President's House

Sète (Cette), France, 31

Seven Years War, 326, 331, 334

Sevier, John, 543-4, 633, 634-5n

Sevier, Washington, 544

Seybert, Adam, 171, 172n

Shackelford, Benjamin (Ky.), 484-5

Shadwell (TJ's estate)

blacksmith's shop at, 201

burning of, 392

images of, xliii

mills at, 118n, 403, 460, 636

route to Monticello from, 201

slaves at, 636

tenants at, 678

Shakespeare, William

Hamlet, 581n

Julius Caesar, 581

Othello, 590

Shannon, Richard Cutts, 627-8

Shaw, Joshua, 572n

Sheaff, Henry

letters from cited, 737, 739

letters to cited, 736, 739

Shee, John

identified, 618n

and Illinois and Wabash Company, 617-18

letter from, 617-18

sheep, 91, 92n

Shekell, Cephus, 262

Shenandoah River, 112n

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley

Critic or A Tragedy Rehearsed, 581

Shewell, Sallows, 69, 70n, 75

Shields, William B., 378

Shirley (Carter estate, Charles City Co., Va.), 406-7

Shoemaker, Abraham, 70, 75

Shore, Dr. John, 26n

Short, William

letters from, 612, 695

letter to, 678-9

and Mme de Corny, 203, 204

Va. lands, 612, 678-9, 695

visits Ky., 612, 678

Shuber, Mr., 740

Sibley, John, 248, 258n, 427, 618-20

Sicily, 487-9

Silhouette, Etienne de

Mémoires des commissaires du roi et de ceux de sa Majesté Britannique, 328-9, 331

silver, 566

Simmons, William, 24, 27n

Simmons, William (army officer), 86

Simms, Charles, 26n, 573n

Simons, James

and importation of slaves, 182, 243, 288, 289n

and violations of U.S. neutrality, 317, 385

Simpson, James

and American merchant brig requisitioned by Sulayman, 198n, 208

and gun carriages for Sulayman, 234, 237n, 245, 259, 280-3, 316-17

and the Meshouda, 282-3n, 287n

and the Mirboka, 491n, 509-10n, 673n

and reaffirmation of peace between Morocco and U.S., 509n

as translator, 509nn

Sinclair, Sir John

Essay on Longevity, 145, 147n

Siren (U.S. brig), 224

Skelton, Reuben, 525

Skinner, Richard, 119n, 733

Skinner, Tompson J., 125n, 545

Skipwith, Fulwar

and American debt claims, 158-60

and Derieux, 285, 306-7, 344, 345

letters from, 158-60, 612

and R. Carter, 408

seeks appointment, 160n, 283

and T. Halsey, 426

and wine for TJ, 158, 612

Skipwith, Sir Peyton, 612n

Slacum, George

letter from, 708-9

and pardon for W. Galloway, 708-9

Slate Run Church, Va., 193

slavery

abolition of, 308, 309n, 501n, 555-63, 586

antislavery societies, 354n, 501n

criticism of, 133

impact of Christianity on, 557, 562

Lafayette's emancipation experiment, 308, 309n

in Louisiana, 212n, 222, 250, 326, 472, 685, 689

in New Orleans, 428

reestablished by French, 556-7

in South America, 558

a state issue, not a federal issue, 586

superiority of free labor and self-regulation to, 560-2

in W. Indies, 222, 558

slaves

as boatmen, 141-2n, 405

free blacks unlawfully held as, 354n

health of, 212n

importation of, 164-5, 182-3, 213, 222, 243, 286, 288, 289n, 326, 685, 689, 736

inheritance of, 407n

lease of TJ's, 396-7, 405

manumission of, 133

ongoing threat of insurrection by, 428, 558-9

preponderance of male over female, 212n

price of, 704

runaway, 144

sale of, 704

at Shadwell mills, 636

taken by, residing among Indians, 143-5

trained as chefs, 397n

See also blacks; Jefferson, Thomas: Slaveholder

slave trade

arrest, prosecution of participants in, 182

efforts to suppress, 182-3, 288

and importations from French colonies, 164-5, 213, 286

laws on, 182-3n

TJ's opinion on, 288

Sloan, James, 342, 343n, 545

Slocum, John, 25n

sloths, 189n

smallpox, ix, 212n, 467, 562n

Smilie, John, 93, 95n, 527, 546

Smith, Alexander

letter from, 708-9

and pardon for W. Galloway, 708-9

Smith, Ambrose, 292n

Smith, Azariah, 381

Smith, Edwin B.

asks TJ for loan, 383

identified, 383n

letter from, 383

Smith, Elizabeth Louisa, 472n

Smith, Henry, 3-4n

Smith, Isaac, 24, 26n

Smith, Israel, 119n, 547

Smith, John (N.Y.), 545

Smith, John (Ohio)

congratulates TJ on Louisiana Purchase, 173-4, 291-2

delayed arrival at Washington, 358, 359n, 457

letters from, 173-4, 291-2

as member of Eighth Congress, 548

passport for, 292n

as source of information on Louisiana, 624

Smith, John (Pa.), 75, 108

Smith, John (Va. congressman), 546

Smith, John Cotton, 545

Smith, John M., 70

Smith, Larkin

letter from cited, 737

Smith, Margaret Bayard, 150-1n

Smith, Margaret Smith, 472, 477, 550n

Smith, Margaret Spear, 667, 669n

Smith, Mary Williams, 472, 502, 503n

Smith, Robert

applications to, for appointments, 209

appoints navy agents, 410n

attends cabinet meetings, vii, 63-6

children of, ix, 435-6, 438, 472, 476-7, 502, 503n

delays return to Washington, ix, 472, 476-7

dines with TJ, 550n

forwards commissions, warrants, 51

gun carriages for Morocco, 234, 245, 259, 280-3, 315-16, 320, 362-3, 503

health of, 435-6, 438

and impressment of American seamen, 315-16

and Jerome Bonaparte, 165-6, 224-5, 282

letters from, 51, 224-5, 280-3, 315-16, 362-3, 472

letters to, 165-6, 209, 245, 320, 435-6, 476-7, 502-3

and Louisiana, vii, 435-6

makes payments for TJ, 85n

and navy estimates, 477, 502-3

and party affiliation of navy officers, 15n

TJ offers condolences to, 502

and vessel to carry ratified Louisiana treaty, viii, 244, 245, 282, 315, 316n, 320, 362-3, 503, 669n

See also Navy, U.S.

Smith, Robert (1797-1801), 472n

Smith, Robert (1803-1806), 472n

Smith, Robert (Bucks Co, Pa.), 172-3

Smith, Samuel (Md.)

dines with TJ, 550n

and Jerome Bonaparte, 667, 669n

letter from, 246

as member of Eighth Congress, 547

and P. Carr's health, 246

protests British export duties, 246

recommends aspirants for office, 26n

as reference, 680n

Smith, Samuel (Ohio), 41-2

Smith, Samuel Harrison

and boundary of Louisiana, 428, 429n

and British response to Louisiana Purchase, 197

letter to, 484

TJ returns papers to, 484

See also National Intelligencer (Washington)

Smith, Samuel Stanhope, 372, 373

Smith, Samuel William, 472n

Smith, William (Md.), 472

Smith, William Carvil, 472n

Smith, William Loughton, 284n, 488, 490

Smith, William Stephens

party affiliation of, 22, 23n

recommended for office, 87, 88n, 597, 598n

smuggling

efforts to prevent, 5, 34, 35n

at New Orleans, 256, 259n, 288

at Petersburg, 408n

of slaves, 164-5, 182-3, 213

Smyrna, 20n, 102n

Smyth, Alexander

letter from cited, 738

Smyth, Lambert, 70

Smyth, Thomas, Jr., 679-80

Snelling, Josiah

letter from cited, 290n, 737

Snowden, Samuel

identified, 430n

letter to, 429-30

TJ sends charitable donation to, 429-30, 434

Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce (London), 104

Songster's Tavern, Va., 193

Sonora, 212n

Sonthonax, Léger Félicité, 380n

South America

and American debt claims on Spain, 151, 152n

British colonies in, 714, 716n

Dutch colonies in, 714, 716n

and megalonyx, 397, 398

and megatherium, 189n

slavery in, 558

Spanish colonies in, 128, 129n

trade of, 494, 714, 716n

See also Buenos Aires

Southard, Henry, 545

South Carolina

American Revolution in, 199-200

Beaufort, 182

Chesterfield, 74n

Christ Church Parish, 629n

commissioners of Direct Tax, 698, 702

congressional delegation from, 547, 548

elections in, 74n

and importation of slaves, 182-3, 243, 288, 289n

and Indian affairs, 144

judges, 629n

legislature, 74n

marshal, 26n

party affiliation of federal officeholders in, 16, 18, 19n, 24, 26-7n

and return of runaway slaves, 144

Scots in, 74n

yellow fever, 223n

See also Charleston, S.C.; Federalists; Republicans

South Carolina College, 74n

Southern Boarding School (Smyrna, Del.), 354n

southern states

abolition of slavery in, 558-9

Southwest Point, Tenn., 395, 543-4

Spafford, Horatio G.

identified, 637-8n

letter from, 636-8

offers fireplace improvement to TJ, 636-8

works by, 638n

Spain

Colonies

early settlements in Louisiana and Florida, 326, 330-1, 333

interior provinces of New Spain, 212n

militia in, 250

mines in, 132, 386n, 619n, 647-8

passports for travel in, 292n

population of, 212n

and Seven Years War, 334

slavery in, 558

threats to, 128, 129n

and 1763 Treaty of Paris, 327, 334, 337, 339-40n

and 1783 Treaty of Paris, 335, 336, 339n

upper Louisiana settlements, 472

See also Florida; Louisiana; New Mexico; New Orleans; Texas

Economy

Banco de San Carlos, 577

wine, 596, 597n

Foreign Relations

with Great Britain, 128-9, 174, 326, 334-7

and retrocession of Louisiana to France, 47, 228, 236n, 297, 327, 336-8, 552-3n, 579, 609-11, 647, 667-8

and war between Britain and France, 129n, 489, 491n, 597

wars with France, 323, 325, 330, 333-4

Politics and Government

and free blacks, 135

See also Carlos (Charles) IV, King of Spain

Science and Learning

natural history, 397, 398

yellow fever, 223n

U.S. Relations with

and Bowles, 10-11n

convention on claims, 151, 152n, 236n, 660, 662, 663-4n

and Indian relations, 77-8n, 615n

and Miss. Terr., 56

passports for Americans in Spanish colonies, 292n

quarantine of vessels, 236n

secretary of U.S. legation, 202n, 237n

spoliation claims, 66n

U.S. threat to Spanish colonies, 647-8

See also Florida; Louisiana; Louisiana Purchase; Monroe, James; New Orleans; Pinckney Treaty

Sparks, Richard, 739

Spear, John, 31, 229

Speed, James, 270

Spencer, Abel

forwards address of Vt. General Assembly, 721-2

identified, 721-2n

letter from, 721-2

Spencer, Jesse, 24

Speyer, J., 595n

Sprigg, William O., 734

springs

Green Springs, Va., 89n

Sulphur Springs, 142

Sweet Springs, 142

Stanford, Richard, 546

Stanton, Joseph, Jr., 545, 550n

Stark, Horatio, 86

State, U.S. Department of

appropriations and expenditures, 498-9, 502

clerks, 602n, 699n

consular appointments, 25n, 160n, 698-9, 700n, 701-2, 733

letters from cited, 165n, 736

list of interim appointments, 696-700

party affiliation of officeholders in, 12-14, 16-17, 20-1, 25

reduction of diplomatic establishment, 208

uses ciphers, 198n, 219, 238, 279, 280n

See also Madison, James; Wagner, Jacob

Stedman, William, 360, 545

steel, 638n

Steel, Mr., 560-1

Steel, Thomas, 80

Steele, John (Va.), 21n, 22n

Steevens, George, 594n

Stelle, Pontius D., 302

Stephenson, James, 546

Sterne, Laurence, 589

Stevens, James

identified, 693n

letter from, 693-4

seeks appointment, 693-4

Stevens, Zachariah, 699, 700n

Stevensburg, Va., 97

Stevenson, William, Sr., 70

Stewart, Deborah, 101-2

Stewart, John (Pa.), 546

Stewart, M. J.

letter from cited, 738

Stewart, William (blacksmith)

letters from cited, 736, 738, 739

Stewart, William (Philadelphia), 20n, 102n

stock

for Louisiana Purchase, 296-7, 299-301, 584n

Stoddert, Benjamin

letter from, 523-4

letter to, 576-7

and proposal to incorporate insurance company, 523-4, 576-7

Stoddert, Fort, 55, 163n

Stone, David

letter from, 570-1

as member of Eighth Congress, 548

recommends aspirants for office, 570-1

Stone, William J.

identified, 484n

letter from, 484

seeks appointment, 484

Stony Point, N.Y., 126

Story, Joseph, 86-7, 697, 702

Strange, James, 392

Strasbourg, France, 398n

Strobel, Daniel, 612, 700n

Strode, John

letter to, 60

tavern of, 60, 97

Stuart (Stewart), Archibald, 527

Stuart , Gilbert, xlii

Stuart , James (Tenn.)

identified, 688n

letter from, 687-8

resolution of approbation for TJ's administration, 687-8

Suddarth, Martha, 680, 681n

sugar

duties on, 407, 452, 490

in Louisiana, 251, 256-7, 452

taxes on, 426n

trade in, 221, 407-8, 716n

Sulayman, Mawlay, Sultan of Morocco

gun carriages for, 234, 237n, 245, 259, 280-3, 315-17, 320, 362-3, 503, 674

letter from, 508-10

reaffirms peace and friendship with U.S., 508-10

requisitions American merchant brig, 198n

uncertain intentions of, 282-3, 491-2n

Sullivan, James, 601n

Sullivan, Joshua, 469, 470n

Sumter, Nathalie Delage de Volude, 128

Sumter, Thomas, Jr., 128, 129n

Sumter, Thomas, Sr., 548, 550n, 700n

Superior, Lake, 5

Surinam, 716n

Suvorov, Alexander, 156, 157n

Swann, Thomas, 573n

Swanwick, John, 567, 568n

Swearingen, Mr., 269

Swedenborgianism, 383n

Switzerland, 158, 159n, 462-3, 724n

Syria, 148n

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