Volume 41 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

M

Maastricht, Netherlands, 188n

McCall, Archibald (Va.)

claim against TJ, 525-6

letter from cited, 526n, 737

letter to, 525-6

McClean, Archibald

letter to, 200

requests copies of laws pertaining to Alexandria, 200

McClenachan, Blair

appointed bankruptcy commissioner, 102n, 734

letter from, 495-6

seeks appointment, 101-2, 495-6, 505

McCord, Andrew, 545, 550n

MacCreery, William, 546, 550n

McElroy, George Washington, 661, 663, 664n

McFarland, Duncan, 600n

McGee, Esquire, 218n

McGillivray, Duncan, 91, 92n

McGlathery, James, 69, 70n

McHenry, Fort, 203n

McIlhenney, John, 606n

McKean, Thomas

letter from cited, 736

patronage practices, 68, 71n, 109

as reference, 151

as Republican leader, 606n

McKee, John (Indian agent), 615

Mackenzie, Alexander

Voyages from Montreal, 91, 601n

McLane, Allen, 426n

McLaughlin, Charles, 740

Maclay, Samuel, 505, 547

Maclure, William, 160n

Macon, Nathaniel

advises on appointments, 600n

dines with TJ, 550n

family of, 571n

letter from, 311-12

as member of Eighth Congress, 546

reelected speaker of the House, 539n

sends news of N.C. politics, 14, 311-12

Macon, Col. William, 531, 581

McPherson, William, 76, 550n

MacRea (McRea), William, 544

McShane, Barnabas, 42

Maddox, William

debt to TJ, 117-18

identified, 118n

letter from cited, 118n, 737

letter to, 117-18

Madeira

consul at, 20n

See also wine

Madison, Dolley Payne Todd, 193, 260, 286, 550n

Madison, George, 728-9

Madison, James

letters from, 118-19, 196-9, 220, 233-7, 238, 279-80, 369-70, 374-5, 442-4, 675-6

letters to, 41, 76-8, 128-9, 164-5, 195-6, 208-9, 219-20, 259-61, 286-7, 382, 692

Personal Affairs

dines with TJ, 550n

family of, 265n, 728-9n

forwards shipments for TJ, 409

invited to dine with TJ, 27

invited to Monticello, 286, 320, 346

and Lafayette, 308-9

returns to Washington, 435

visits Montpelier, 118, 196, 198n

Politics

and freedom of religion, 443

as reference, 97

and W. Duane, 197, 238, 286

President

appointments, 61n, 105n

Secretary of State

advises on annual message to Congress, ix, 438-40, 442-4, 539n

aids Le Couteulx, 576n

applications to, for appointments, 198n, 247n, 274n, 306n, 369-70, 408n, 473n, 512n, 603n, 680n, 712n, 713-14n, 729n

attends cabinet meetings, vii, 63-6, 470-1

and Barbary states, 50n

Beaumarchais heirs' claim, 543n

and Bernadotte, 118

and Cathalan, 33

and ciphers, 219, 238, 279

correspondence with Monroe, 66n, 77, 118, 119n, 279-80, 399

correspondence with Rufus King, 128-9, 600-2n

and Derieux's expenses, 279, 306, 344, 345

distributes call for convening of Congress, 67n

and F. Skipwith, 160n

and Florida, 66n, 118, 119n

forwards letters to TJ, 196-9, 233-7, 369-70

and G. W. Erving's accounts, 216-17, 218n, 279

helps collect information about Louisiana, 212, 433n, 649, 675-6, 683, 684n

and impressment of American seamen, 197, 198-9n, 208, 233, 259, 279, 280n, 374

instructions for boundary convention with Great Britain, 601-2n

instructions for Lear, 50n

issues commissions, 41, 163, 219

and Jerome Bonaparte, 164-5, 196, 275, 603n, 668-9n

and Louisiana boundaries, 322

and Md. Bank of England stock, 195-6, 220, 261

and Merry, 118, 388n

and pardons, 118-19, 128-9, 184, 196, 198n

and Pedersen, 279, 280n

plans, instructions for taking possession of Louisiana, 63, 65n, 233, 470-1, 633-5n, 692

and proposed increase in British export duties, 246

protests use of U.S. ports by Britain and France, 197, 199n, 208-9, 233, 259-60, 279

and purchase of Louisiana, vii, 65-6n, 72, 76-8, 196-7, 198n, 233, 279-80, 346, 348n, 551-3n, 582n

and ratification of Louisiana treaty, 442-3, 554n

reduces State Department budget estimates, 502

in relations with Morocco, 234, 280-1, 658, 673n

and renewal of war between Britain and France, 128-9, 238, 443-4

and restrictions on blacks from French colonies, 164-5, 286

and Sayre's claims, 575, 576n

and signs sea letters, xlii-xliii

and Spanish opposition to Louisiana Purchase, 356n, 374-5, 382, 552-3n

and T. Paine, 410, 413, 414n

and temporary government of Louisiana, 640-1n, 692

and termination of right of deposit at New Orleans, 233

TJ forwards letters, news on foreign affairs to, 219-20

and TJ's proposed amendment on Louisiana, viii, 261n, 288n

See also State, U.S. Department of

Madison, Bishop James, 145, 717-18, 719n, 728n

Madrid, Spain, 397, 398

Maffet, Mr., 740

Mahy, William

letter from cited, 738

Maine

Bath collectorship, 511-12, 571-2

Brunswick, 572n

Cumberland Co., 366n

Falmouth, 696, 702

Frenchman's Bay collectorship, 23

Gardiner, 571

Kennebunk, 266n

Kennebunk collectorship, 23, 25n

marshal for, 458

party affiliation of federal officers in, 19n, 23, 25n

Passamaquoddy, 266n

Passamaquoddy collectorship, 23, 25n

Portland, 40n, 366n

Portland collectorship, 696, 699-700, 702

U.S. attorney, 17n, 23

See also bankruptcy commissioners; Federalists; Republicans

Malaga, Spain, 409-10, 661, 663, 664n

Malcolm, Henry, 26n

Malta, 236n, 489

mammoth

confused with mastodon, 468n

remains at Big Bone Lick, ix, 89-90, 463-7

See also mastodon

"Mammoth Cheese," 54, 270n

Man as He Is, and the World as It Goes (James Jones Wilmer), 383, 681, 688

Mandan, Fort, xlii

Mandeville, John

identified, 434n

letter from, 434

thanks TJ for charitable contribution, 434

Mansfield, Jacob, 70

Mansfield, Jared

appointed U.S. surveyor general, 15n, 698, 702, 733

health of, 676

letter from, 676-7

letter to, 88-9

seeks advance on expenses, 15n, 38-9, 88-9

seeks to retain army commission, 676-7

manufacturing

boots and shoes, 81

gunpowder, 98-101, 125-6

iron, 461

salt, 468n

soap, 431n

textiles, 470n, 653n

See also mills

Map of the United States (Abraham Bradley, Jr.), 267-8, 284

maps

of Florida, 257-8n, 628-9

of Louisiana, viii, 212, 228, 248, 257-8n, 268n, 427, 618, 628-9

of Mississippi River, 257-8n, 628

of postal routes, 267-8

of Rio Grande, 331

of United States, 267-8, 284

of Washington, D.C., 418-21, 516, 522n

marble, 598

March, John, 116n

Maret, Hugues Bernard, 298

María Luisa, Infanta of Spain, Queen of Etruria, 490, 491n

Marines, U.S., 13, 14, 496, 497

Marquette, Jacques, 323, 329

Marsh, Amos, 722n

Marshall, James M., 242, 272, 572, 573n

Marshall, William (S.C.)

identified, 629n

letter from, 628-9

sends map to TJ, 628-9

Martin, Luther, 506-7, 590

Martin, Samuel (R.I.), 648n

Martin, Sylvanus, 4n

Martin, Thomas (soldier)

letter from, 388-9

seeks appointment, 388-9

Martinique, W.I., 161n, 165n, 375, 408

Mary Ann (brig), 694, 710

Maryland

Anne Arundel Co., 507

antislavery societies in, 354n

arrangement of the judiciary in, 92-5

and Bank of England stock, 152-3, 195-6, 220, 261

Chestertown, 680n

congressional delegation from, 546, 547

courts, 506-7, 730n

and District of Columbia, 418, 515, 517, 519-21

Eastern Shore, 730n

Easton, 354n

Easton surveyorship, 13, 19n, 697, 703

education in, 354n

elections in, 482-3

Frederick, 593

Frederick Co., 269

Havre de Grace, 384n

Jews in, 270n

legislature, 92-5, 482-3

loans to D.C. commissioners, 476, 478-9, 498

marshal, 19n

Nanjemoy collectorship, 19n

party affiliation of federal officeholders in, 16, 17n, 18, 19n, 24, 26n

riparian rights, 518-19

Snow Hill collectorship, 729-30

Society of Friends in, 354n

Somerset Co., 730n

state penitentiary, 562n

U.S. attorney, 17n

Washington Co., 92-3, 94n, 270n, 483n, 507

See also Baltimore, Md.; Federalists; Republicans

Mason, John Thomson

advises on appointments, 242, 475-6, 572-3

appointed U.S. attorney, 21n

and B. Galloway, 506

letters from, 475-6, 572-3

and pardons, 119

as reference, 590

Mason, Philip, 70

Mason, Stevens Thomson, 279-80n

Massac

customs district, 21n, 24

Massac, Fort, 58n, 470, 623

Massachusetts

Abington, 52

congressional delegation from, 545, 547

Duxbury (Duxborough), 53, 54n

dysentery in, 359, 361n

education in, 422n

elections, 52-3, 61

Gloucester surveyorship, 699

Hanover, 422n

Ipswich collectorship, 23

Kingston, 54n

legislature, 53, 61

Lenox, 60, 61n

Marshfield, 53

New Bedford, 241, 242n, 293, 510

New Bedford collectorship, 421-3

newspapers, 60-1

Oakham, 422n

party affiliation of federal officeholders in, 16, 17n, 18, 19n, 23, 25n, 27n

Pittsfield, 60-1

Plymouth, 52-3, 54-5n

Plymouth collectorship, 696, 702

Rochester, 422n

Scituate, 53

Stockbridge, 61n

U.S. attorney, 17n

Worcester, 359, 366n

See also Boston; Federalists; Maine; Republicans; Salem, Mass.

Massacre Island. See Dauphin (Dauphine) Island

mastodon

confused with mammoth, 468n

Peales’ exhibit in London, 78, 310-11

remains at Big Bone Lick, ix, 187, 188, 189n, 463-7, 533, 534n

Matagorda Bay

as boundary of Louisiana, 175, 177n, 244, 245, 249, 258n, 260, 321, 326, 331

and La Salle, 324, 326, 330

mathematics, 681-3

Mathias, Thomas James

Pursuits of Literature, 589, 594n

Maurepas, Lake, 177n

Maxwell, George

identified, 701n

letter from, 700-1

resigns as U.S. attorney, 700-1, 712-13

Mazzei, Philip

exchanges seeds, plants with TJ, 491, 607, 608, 609n

forwards letters to TJ, 219

friendship with TJ, 488

letter from, 607-9

sends news of European affairs, 607-9

Meade, Richard W.

letter from, 151-2

seeks appointment, 151-2

Mease, James

and Angerman's pamphlet, 171

Domestic Encyclopædia, 171-3

letter from, 171-3

letter to, 230-1

and TJ's moldboard plow, 171-3, 230-1

Medical Inquiries and Observations (Benjamin Rush), 145, 147n

Medical Repository (New York), 223n

medicine

aging, 145, 147n

arsenic, 218

asthma, 193n

bilious diseases, 306, 363n

bubonic plague, 146-8

cholera, 270n, 638n

colds, coughs, 193n

deafness, 215

diarrhea, 262

dysentery, 359, 361n, 363n, 366n

education, 304-5n, 406, 407, 480, 562n

eyes, 359

fever, 47, 150, 276, 350

fits, convulsions, 81

fractures, 203, 204, 309, 399

gout, 120

impact of climate on health, 716n

insanity, mental illness, 81, 218

malaria, 47

medical devices, 399

medical schools, societies, 223n, 305n

medicines, treatments, 192-3

opiates, 147n, 148n

paralysis, 726n

physicians, 223n

and quarantine laws, 146-9

rheumatism, 704

theories on the spread of disease, 146, 147n, 223n, 413, 562-3n

tuberculosis, 143n

typhus, 664n

whooping cough, 193n

See also hospitals; quarantine; smallpox; yellow fever

Mediterranean Sea

British naval bases in, 235n, 259-60

passports for, 423n

trade in, 220-1

See also Navy, U.S.

Meer, John, 70

Meertens, Anthony, 716n

megalonyx, 78, 79n, 187, 188, 189n, 397, 398

megatherium, 189n, 397, 398

Meigs, Return Jonathan, 269n

Melvill (Melville), Thomas, 23, 25n

Mémoires des commissaires du roi et de ceux de sa Majesté Britannique, sur les possessions & les droits respectifs des deux couronnes en Amérique (Etienne de Silhouette), 328-9, 331

Mémoires historiques sur la Louisiane, contenant ce qui y est arrivé de plus mémorable depuis l'année (Louis François Benjamin Dumont de Montigny), 323-6, 328n

Men and Measures, from 1774 to 1809 (James Jones Wilmer), 384n

Mendenhall, Thomas, 48-9

Mercantile Advertiser (New York), 294n

Mercer, John (Va.), 160n, 399

Mercer, John F.

letter from, 152-3

letter to, 261

and Md. Bank of England stock, 152-3, 195-6, 220, 261

and W. Polk, 730n

Merchant, George, 524, 525n, 672n

Meriwether, David, 547

Merrill (Merrell), James, 192

Merry, Anthony, 118, 214, 280n, 387-8

Méry, Monsieur

letter from, 469-70

letter to, 478

seeks loan, 469-70, 478

Meshouda (Moroccan ship)

blockaded at Gibraltar, 235n, 282n

capture of, 220, 282-3, 286, 287n, 490, 491n

formerly Tripolitan, 282-3n

Metamorphoses (Ovid), 93, 95n

meteors, 430-2

Methodists, 149, 310, 461

Mexicano (Mexicana) River. See Sabine River

Mexican War, 203n

Mexico, 212n, 386n, 647-8

Mexico, Gulf of, 44, 66n

Meyronnet, Pierre, 161n, 275

Miami, Fort, 323

Miami of the Lake. See St. Joseph River

Michigan, Lake, 655

Michigan Territory, 226n, 575-6

Michilimackinac

collection district, 21n, 24

Mifflin, Thomas, 75

militia

army regulations applied to, 156

blacks in, 250

expenses incurred by, 623

in Great Britain, 414n

Indians in, 250

in Louisiana, 250, 318, 432, 433n

Milledge, John

and Creek boundary, 438n

letter from, 143-5

and return of property taken by Creeks, 143-5

Miller, Samuel (pardon seeker)

pardoned by TJ, 82n, 184, 196, 198n, 266, 592, 594-5n, 708, 709n

seeks pardon, 80-2, 118-19, 122-3, 128

true identity of, 708

mills

canals, 636

construction of, 403

on Henderson lands, 348-9, 353, 400, 563, 564n

laws concerning, 349n

Shadwell, 118n, 403, 460, 636

Mills, Robert

as assistant to Latrobe, 461, 462n

drawing of Monticello, xliii-xliv, 394 (illus.)

Milton, Va., 201, 406, 563, 564n

mineralogy, 136-7

Minerva. See Granger, Minerva (b. 1771, TJ's slave)

Mingo Pouscouche (Choctaw Indian), 643n

Minor, John

declines appointment, 58-9

letter from, 58-9

letter to cited, 59n

Minor, Stephen, 432, 434n

Minorca, 235n, 699

Mint, U.S.

and copper coinage, 565-6

party affiliation of officers in, 12, 20, 24, 25

rumored to be discontinued, 566n

Mirboka (Mirboha; Moroccan warship)

capture of, 490, 491-2n, 508, 658, 672-3

returned to Morocco, 509-10n

Mississippi River

as boundary, 5, 169-70, 178, 334, 336, 601-2n

expansion of settlement along, 449-50, 454, 624

exploration of, 106n, 208, 323-5, 329-30

fortifications on, 87-8

and France, 236n

free navigation of, 66n, 175, 236n, 291, 360, 448, 534-5, 722

galleys on, 623

and Great Britain, 551n

included in Louisiana Purchase, 6, 175, 184, 321, 331, 332-3, 448, 535

Indian lands on, 624

maps of, 257-8n

mouth of, 249, 323, 324, 325, 433-4n, 480

navigation on, 257

new seaport suggested for, 480

plantations on, 568

water from, sent to TJ, 426-7

Mississippi Territory

Adams Co., 41n, 277, 697, 702

collection district, 426-7, 696, 703

commissioners of land offices in, 3, 4n, 41, 47, 55, 163, 180, 213, 350, 733

congressional delegation from, 227n, 547, 548

and Indian affairs, 44-6, 48n, 622, 643n

judges, 41, 665n, 698, 702, 733

land fraud in, 351n

legislature, 44

militia, 318, 470, 621-2, 625, 632, 634n

party affiliation of federal officeholders in, 20, 21n, 24

political factions in, 46-7, 350

portion of Louisiana to be annexed to, 7, 176, 244

registers of land offices in, 24, 55, 59, 180, 213, 277, 278, 350, 351n, 697, 700n, 702, 733, 736

river access to Gulf of Mexico, 44

secretary of, 21n, 22n

settlements east of Pearl River, 56

surveyor general, 14-15n, 697, 702

and transfer of Louisiana to U.S., x, 318, 621-2, 625, 632, 634n

unhealthiness of, 47

Washington, 47

Washington Co., 41n, 59

See also Claiborne, William C. C.; Federalists; Natchez; Republicans

Missouri, 711n

Missouri River

attempted Spanish settlement on, 326, 333

exploration of, 208, 449, 479

headwaters of, 473

included in Louisiana Purchase, 6, 184, 321, 331, 332

Indians along, 579

as Louisiana boundary, 170

plaster of Paris from, 627

route of, 91

salt deposits on, 627

settlements, fortifications on, 176, 326

source of, 57, 433

traders on, 91

See also Lewis and Clark expedition

Missouri Territory, 105n

Mitchell, John (Le Havre)

and British blockade of Le Havre, 234n, 237n, 259

letter from cited, 736

and wine for TJ, 612

Mitchell, Nahum, 53, 545

Mitchell, Reuben, 40n

Mitchell, Samuel, 44-5

Mitchill, Samuel Latham, xlvi, 223n, 545, 550n

Mobile, W. Fla.

ceded to Britain, 175, 327

claimed as part of Louisiana, 327, 330

established by France, 175, 325

land office at, 24, 180, 213

trade of, 402n

Mobile Bay, 325

Mobile River, 56, 170, 327, 334, 643n

mockingbirds

purchased by TJ, 150-1

Mohawk River, 651n

molasses, 408, 426n

Moll, Herman, 331

Moniteur (Paris), 669n

Monitor's Instructor (James Iddings), 354n

Monroe, Elizabeth Kortright, 203, 204

Monroe, James

and American debt claims, 159n, 234n, 552n

appointed minister to Great Britain, 14n, 215, 697, 699, 701

and Bankhead, 202-3

and Beaumarchais heirs' claim, 384, 526

and Cathalan's exequatur, 31

correspondence with Madison, 399

and D. Williams, 398-9, 725

and delivery of Louisiana treaty and conventions, 167, 168, 169n, 234, 237n, 285, 345, 552n

and Derieux, 237n

and E. H. Trist, 400, 584

and F. Skipwith, 160n

family of, 271n

and Faujas de Saint-Fond, 188n

health of, 400

instructions to, 66n, 118, 119n

introduces Halsey, 426

letters from, 398-400, 426

letter to, 407

and Louisiana boundary, 77n, 234n, 244, 245, 260, 295-6, 321, 322

and Louisiana Purchase, viii, 7, 44, 63, 65-6n, 77, 234n, 243, 259, 279-80, 297, 298, 301n, 346, 448, 551-3n

and Mme de Corny, 203, 204

and negotiations for Florida, 63-4, 66n, 77, 118, 119n, 139, 177, 291

relationship with R. R. Livingston, 279-80

and renewal of war between Britain and France, 439, 440, 441n

secretary for, 202

sends book, news of TJ's friends, 398-400

TJ recommends R. Carter to, 407

travels to London, 295-6

Monroe, John

letter from, 370

seeks appointment, 370

Monroe, Joseph Jones

identified, 271n

letter from, 271

letter from cited, 684n, 739

recommends aspirants for office, 202, 271

Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de, 586, 594n

Montgomery Monitor (Johnstown, N.Y.), 638n

Monticello

artwork at, xliv, 112n

biannual visits to, by TJ, viii, 42, 48, 56, 59, 60, 71, 84, 89, 97n, 120, 121, 199, 343

clocks in, 104

cornices, 636

descriptions of, 126-7

dining room, xliv

directions to, from, 193, 201

glass for, 192, 381

groceries and supplies for, 104, 140-1, 174, 192, 417

images of, xliii-xliv, 394 (illus.)

lease of portion of, 396-7

library at, 321

masons at, 118n

overseers at, 417

piano for, 80n

plastering, 620

postal service to, from, 286, 371, 680

renovation and expansion of, 118n

roofing, 319, 531

screws for, 104, 141, 174, 381, 406, 531, 581

sheet iron for, 104, 381, 460-1, 531, 581

slaves at, 396-7, 417

theft of provisions from, 417

timber for, 287

TJ invites friends to, 104n, 119-20, 137-8, 193, 201, 260, 262, 268, 276, 286, 320, 346, 470

trees for, 569

various visitors to, 111-12, 120, 126-7, 142, 310, 346, 363, 377, 436, 566

vineyard at, 609n

windows, 192

See also Jefferson, Thomas: Nailery

Monticello (ship), 377n

Montpelier, 118, 196, 198n

Moore, Andrew, 550n

Moore, Nicholas R., 546

Moore, Thomas, 547

Morales, Juan Ventura, 84, 440, 579

Moran, Joseph

debt to TJ, 117-18

letter to cited, 118n, 736

Morgan, Mr., 683

Morgan, Benjamin, 712n, 739

Morning Chronicle (New York), 181n

Morocco

and capture of the Meshouda, 220, 235n, 282-3, 286, 287n, 490, 491n

Mogador, 510n

relations with U.S., 508-10, 661, 663, 672-3, 679

threatens war with Batavian Republic, 237n

U.S. takes Mirboka, 490, 491-2n, 508, 509-10n, 658, 672-3

See also Sulayman, Mawlay, Sultan of Morocco

Morris, Gouverneur, 411, 414n, 543

Morris, James Maury, 287n

Morris, Richard (Va.)

identified, 287n

letter from cited, 287n, 737

letter to, 287

seeks to sell timber to TJ, 287

Morris, Richard Valentine

and capture of the Meshouda, 220, 283n, 287n

commander of Mediterranean squadron, 221

dispatches from, 316

and George Davis, 236n

and Joseph Barnes, 487-8, 490

and W. L. Smith, 284n

Morris, William O., 287n

Morrow, Jeremiah, 547

Morse, Samuel

letter from cited, 739

Mott, James, 545, 713n

Mount Vernon, 695

Moylan, Stephen, 19n, 76

Muhammad, 508

Muhammad ibn Abd Allah, Sidi, Sultan of Morocco, 508, 510n

Muhlenberg, Frederick Augustus Conrad, 75

Muhlenberg, John Peter Gabriel

appointed collector, 76n

forwards wine to TJ, 694-5, 710, 717

and L. Rush's court-martial, 294

letters from, 409, 694-5, 710

letters to, 89, 717

and P. Bond's protest, 3, 35, 37-8

party affiliation of, 75, 108

patronage controlled by, 76

payments to, 710n

recommends aspirants for office, 409, 459

and revenue cutters, 34-5

TJ recommends John Barnes to, 89

Muir, Rev. James, 430n

Munroe, Thomas

accounts of public expenditures, 303-4, 390-1

forwards drafts for payment, 670

forwards public accounts, 302-3, 389-90

letters from, 302-3, 389-90, 476, 479, 670

letters to, 319-20, 478

and Md. loans to D.C., 476, 478, 479

and sale of D.C. lots, 390

and streets and roads in Washington, 476

as superintendent of public buildings, 302-3, 319-20, 389-90

Munson, William, 19n, 22, 23n

murder

by, of Indians, 269

of La Salle, 324, 330

on road to Natchez, 34n

Murray, John, 164n

Muse, Lawrence, 22, 23n, 26n

Mussey, John, 458n

Mustafa Baba, Dey of Algiers

asks for cannons and bricks, 529-31

letter from, 529-31

letter to, 62

mediates with Tripoli, 62

relations with U.S. consuls, 62

Mynick, Jacob, 70

Mysore, 594n

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z