Volume 35 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

J

Jackson, Andrew, 324n

Jackson, David, 11, 12n, 534n

Jackson, Elizabeth Willing, 118n

Jackson, Henry (United Irishman), 93

Jackson, James

advises on appointments, 53, 54, 72, 85, 133, 159, 226, 288, 314

as political leader, 144n

Jackson, William, 102n, 117-18

Jamaica, 674, 752, 753, 754, 755

Jame. See Hubbard, James (b. 1783, Jame, TJ's slave)

James. See Gillette, James (b. 1796, TJ's slave)

James (b. 1795, Jamy, TJ's slave), 35

James River Company, 128, 137

Jamy. See Hemings, James (b. 1787, Jamy, TJ's slave); James (b. 1795, Jamy, TJ's slave)

Jarvis, Benjamin, 195, 227, 314

Jarvis, Leonard, 227, 726n

Jaucourt, Louis de

Synonymes Français, 203

Jay, John, 236, 275n, 447-8, 663n

Jay Treaty

and naval prizes, 38, 39n, 79, 110, 125, 134n, 154, 158, 159n

opposition to, 59, 459, 461n, 519

support for, 59, 519

expiration of, 228, 230n, 276

and neutral rights, 244, 246n

impact of, on party formation, 257

and debt claims, 506-7, 519, 545, 615, 628, 630, 635n, 660

American claims under Article 7, 507

Jefferson, Anna Scott (Nancy, TJ's niece), 34, 346n

Jefferson, George

letters to, 87, 118-19, 171, 210, 275-6, 375, 470

letters from, 103-4, 137, 171, 232-3, 405-6, 487, 676

handles shipments for TJ, 87, 103-4, 118-19, 137, 171, 210, 232-3, 275-6

handles TJ's business affairs in Richmond, 103-4, 171, 233, 275-6, 339, 375, 676

collects payments, handles transactions for Short, 137, 171

and sale of TJ's tobacco, 171, 232, 710

letters from cited, 171n, 276n, 750, 754

advises on freight rates, 232-3

tobacco for D. Ross settlement, 405-6, 470, 487, 676

T. M. Randolph indebted to, 414

See also Gibson & Jefferson

Jefferson, Martha (Patty) Wayles Skelton (Mrs. Thomas Jefferson), 320-1, 685n

Jefferson, Thomas

Agriculture

exchanges seeds, plants with friends, xlix, 351, 454n, 588, 666, 667

peach cultivation, 354n, 666, 667

views on, 647

See also Poplar Forest (TJ's estate); tobacco

Architecture

handsome design no more expensive than ugly, 218

Business and Financial Affairs

orders carriage from Philadelphia, viii, 115-16, 128, 155, 181-2, 224-5, 270, 282, 309, 328-9, 429-30

orders plaster of paris, 11, 31, 83, 95, 103, 128, 171, 178

buys mirrors, 12, 96

seeks overseer for Poplar Forest, 21-2

transfers business to new trading house, 28

lime and limestone, 31, 310

orders glass tumblers, 31, 95

account with D. Ross arbitrated, 93-4, 174, 339-40, 375, 405-6, 453, 466-7, 470, 487, 676

payment of insurance premium, 103-4

pays taxes, 104n, 349-50

orders gunpowder, 118, 137, 171

urged to purchase stocks, 128

orders hams, 137, 171, 406

orders coal, 171, 232, 233n, 275-6, 375, 470

account with Hanse, 182

orders porter, 210

newspaper subscriptions, 233, 355, 356n

buys horses, 278n

and Wayles estate, 320-1, 445-6, 726

pays for bookbinding, 355-6

covers obligation for T. M. Randolph, 414

orders cider, 453-4, 588, 689-90, 734, 740

expects to be clear of debt, 677-8

buys corn, 757

buys oats, 758

See also Barnes, John; Gibson & Jefferson; Henderson lands; Jefferson, George; Monticello; Peyton, Craven; Shadwell (TJ's estate)

Character and Image

as successor to Washington, 21

accused of racism, 126n

too reliant on Republican principles, 139

will accept no gifts while in public office, 294n, 426

will unite the country, 385

friend to arts and science, 424, 716

enemy to commerce, 651-2

Correspondence

writes more at Monticello than Washington, vii-viii, 260

receives anonymous letters, 3-6, 6n, 246-7, 359, 364, 575-6, 689, 752, 755

forwards letters, 7-8

uses caution, disguise in writing, sending letters, 19, 87, 145

advises Duane on postal schedules, 41

too busy to write often, 87, 666-7, 677, 735

official vs. unofficial correspondence, 241-2

with D.C. commissioners, 297-8

with heads of departments, 571, 576-8, 586, 595-6

letters of introduction requested from, 684

See also Summary Journal of Letters

Governor of Virginia

and Gálvez, 328n

Inauguration

descriptions of, 180n

Law

and rights of neutral vessels, 81, 86, 90, 108, 609-10, 649

opposes excessive court fees, 215

use of nolle prosequi, 543-4

Library

books obtained for, 12, 20, 95, 310, 406, 426, 491n, 533n, 542, 605, 698-9, 708n, 723

works on moral philosophy, 20

books borrowed from, 136, 346

book subscriptions, 283n, 356, 489

cookbooks, 355

letter cases, 355

music books, 355

pays for bookbinding, 355-6

catalog of books, 356n

offered books from Franklin's library, 482-4, 542

scrapbooks, 589n

books on finance, 626n

Minister to France

offered passage on the Romulus, 125, 126n

meets various people, 142

negotiates treaties, 245n

returns to U.S., 381

Nailery

slaves at, vaccinated, 35n

nailrod and iron stock for, 226n

account with S. Clarke, 409-10

new nailery to be built, 579

Opinions

on slave trade, x, 740

avoids determining hypothetical cases, 80-1, 86, 90, 132

unreliability of newspapers, 81, 86, 90, 260

enemy to waste and extravagance, 90

private passengers on public vessels, 125, 126n

opposes tributes and douceurs, 162-3

public vs. private character, 166-7

American Revolution an example to the world, 203

impact of popular opinion, 203

U.S. an agricultural nation, 240

peaceable coercion preferable to war, 244

on servants, 421n

family the source of happiness, 471, 510-11

on Washington society, 511

loan of public funds to individuals, 611

burden of debt, 677-8

Constitution the "collected wisdom of our country," 708

Patronage and Appointments

difficulty of making appointments and removals, ix, 32, 33n, 146

moderate approach toward, 12, 32, 85, 117, 145, 146-7, 265, 381-2, 501, 618-19

sends blank commissions, 26, 88, 227

relies on friends, congressmen for advice on, 27, 30, 32, 85, 89, 92, 347

and postal appointments, 30, 612, 619

and appointment of Joel Lewis, 32

removals due to misconduct and delinquency, 53, 57n, 89, 92, 118, 119, 195n, 223n, 263n, 317, 366n, 374, 381, 601, 655, 686n

reappointment of W. P. Gardner and A. Campbell, 55, 86, 108, 158, 284-5, 314, 449

reduction of useless offices, 55, 86, 644

and "midnight appointments," 80, 252n, 300-1n, 371n, 618-19

Republicans entitled to share of offices, 80, 85, 145, 146, 317, 618, 686n

and "electioneering" by Federal officers, 85, 601

will not appoint Federalists, 85, 108, 580

reappoints Republicans, 86, 158, 263n, 654n

cabinet unanimous on removal policy, 146

judiciary removals, 147, 619, 686n

and Barraud's removal, 221n, 358

principles regarding removals, 263n, 381-2, 459, 612, 618-19

can only appoint offices of first grade, 264

offers advice to office seekers, 264

promises printing contracts, 265, 392n

geographic balance sought, 426, 488, 508

and W. Sargent's removal, 501-2

maintains silence on all applications, 530, 687-8

notes on patronage, 601

diplomatic appointments, 619

See also New Haven, Conn.

Personal Affairs

suicide of James Hemings, viii, 542-3, 569-70

assembles household staff, 7, 24-5, 31, 66-7, 83, 89-90, 543n

made executor of L. Littlepage, 17, 491

friendship with Franklin, 23

private secretary, 31, 395n

seeks portrait of S. Adams, 115

health of, 119, 133, 216-17

friendship with J. Page, 157-8

orders wine, 165, 226n, 255, 317, 348, 568, 588-9, 723, 756

makes recommendations, 166-7, 303-5, 321-2, 350-1, 377-8, 399-400, 479, 662-3

receives liqueurs and sweetmeats, 282, 283n

receives sculpture, statuary, 292-5, 454n, 588, 689, 741

expense of outfit in Washington, 414

gives Poplar Forest land to sons-in-law, 414-15, 418-20, 503-4, 510, 658, 677-8

receives model of Egyptian pyramid, 426

Madisons reside with, at President's House, 471

sends gifts to grandchildren, 471, 677

strangers ask for money, 475, 724-5

inquires about G. Morris's silver service, 492

lacks free time, 677

See also President's House

Political Theories

neutral rights, ix, 86, 90, 241-6, 266, 276, 382, 420

freedom of the press, 67-8n

application of presidential pardons, 84

both parties are republican, 85, 146, 147, 399

function of D.C. commissioners, 130

economy in public expense, 162-3, 217-18, 276-7, 382, 644-5

on entangling foreign alliances, American isolation, 216, 217, 265, 268, 316, 382

states' rights, 259

amending the Constitution regarding elections, 314

term limits for foreign missions, 381

militia preferable to standing army, 628, 639, 643-4, 645

strength of republican government, 708-9

Politics

potential successors to, xi, 286

fears divisions among Republicans, 85, 118, 146, 427, 607

Federalist leaders incurable, isolated, 145, 146-7, 399, 501

anticipates "concert of action" with Congress, 147

absence from Washington criticized, 288, 315

pledges support for Duane, 479

receives newspapers from Federalist printers, 519-20

and rumored removal of federal arms from Springfield, 521, 522n

need to assemble phalanx of talents and virtue, 528-9

supports the rights of aliens, 612-13, 618, 620, 639, 648-9

See also Federalists; Republicans

Portraits

by R. Peale, 128

by Stuart, 225, 226n, 282-3, 329

by Polk, 388n

President

assembles cabinet, viii, 528-9

and D.C., ix, 129-30, 167-8, 172-3, 175-6, 217

and departure of R. R. Livingston, ix, 216, 217, 218, 270-1, 276, 314-15

and peace in Europe, ix, 734, 735

and removal of condemned slaves from Va., ix-x, 718-22

communications with heads of departments, x, 571, 576-8, 586, 595-6

and the Sally, x, 711, 738-9, 740, 741-3

halts prosecutions under Sedition Act, xi, 480-1, 543-4, 607, 613, 616-17, 640, 647-8, 650, 652, 653-4n, 655-7

relations with Spain, xlv, 392-3, 488, 545

and Geffroy letters, 3-6, 83-4, 87, 89, 90, 156-7, 271-2, 309-10

salary, 11, 12n, 96, 178-9, 225, 226n, 288n, 469n, 588n

granting of passports, 13, 31

and warrants drawn on Treasury, 13, 31, 86, 90, 100, 102n, 117, 133, 135n, 169, 216, 218n, 227, 229n, 288, 324, 325n, 329-30, 374-5n, 447n, 469n, 512n, 570-1n, 587-8n, 595-6, 597, 606, 738n

calls for reconciliation and harmony, 64, 85, 145, 146-7, 382, 399, 501, 619, 639

and the Windsor, 80-1, 86, 124-5, 158

relations with Great Britain, 80-2, 86, 163

issues pardons, 84, 86n, 109, 158-9, 216n, 261n, 391, 457n

and funding of marine hospitals, 84-5

and naval prizes, 86, 90, 108, 111n, 124-5, 158, 159n

and lighthouses, 91-2, 118n, 159

demands quarterly accounts from collectors, 109n

and Stillman musket contract, 116-17

and the Hope, 124, 126, 159-60, 163, 299-301

and Duane's legal trials, 125, 148, 480-1, 543-4, 607, 650n, 652, 653-4n, 655-7

and letters of credence, 125, 126n, 270-1

and Prussia, 126

capture and restoration of the Berceau, 145-6

reduces diplomatic establishment, 157, 159n, 382, 507, 519, 644

relations with France, 161, 258-9

and Blicher Olsen's exequatur, 162, 163n

and Barbary affairs, 162-3, 240-1, 265, 474, 588, 642-3

orders navy vessels to Mediterranean, 163, 240, 422, 638-9, 642

and Bank of the U.S., 191n, 602-4, 606, 732n

communications with Congress, 201, 612

signs commissions, 218n, 346n, 422-3n, 668n

and Northwest revenue district, 264

and Indian affairs, 307-8, 324, 642, 695-8, 747-8

receives "Mammoth Veal," 457-8, 479, 486, 513

military reductions, 488, 600n, 640-1n, 644, 645-6, 688, 734

cabinet meetings, 488-9, 595-6, 609

and British debt claims, 506-7, 519, 525, 545

and Marine barracks, 512n

rearrangement of judiciary system, 620, 648

discharge of public debt, 622, 623, 624-6, 628, 672-3, 734

repeal of internal taxes, 643-4

and misapplication of public funds, 644-5

and conduct of McLane, 693n

See also Convention of 1800

Religion

accused of atheism, 33n, 281, 408

decries religious intolerance, 147

expects no mercy from clergy, 147

supports church construction, 202-3

Scientific Interests

smallpox vaccination, vii, xlix, 8, 34-5, 47, 89, 91, 118-19, 120-1, 166, 170, 174, 178, 198, 213, 230-1, 277-8, 278-9, 311-12, 318, 321, 339, 369, 472, 490, 495-6, 572-3, 604-5, 680-1, 698, 709-10, 722-3

road construction, ix, 155, 168n, 496, 523, 568-9, 581-2

calculates population increase of U.S., xi, 382, 507, 531-3, 545, 643

receives Indian artifacts, 454n, 588, 689

defends New World animals, 458, 486

interchangeable parts, 600n, 662-3

calculates annual payment on national debt, 624-6

Secretary of State

visits Newport, R.I., 5, 6n

Report on Negotiations with Spain (1792), 72, 73n

instructions regarding American neutrality, 111n, 158, 621n

suggests term limits for foreign missions, 381

visits Pearce's factory, 451

and L'Enfant's plan for Washington, D.C., 567n

advises Washington on annual address, 614

and establishment of the Mint, 682, 692

Slaveholder

smallpox vaccination for slaves, vii, 34-5, 47, 89, 91, 118-19, 120-1, 166, 170, 174, 178, 213, 278, 369, 490, 495-6, 572-3

and removal of condemned slaves from Va., ix-x, 718-22

manumits James Hemings, 543n

health of Poplar Forest slaves, 660

opinion of slave trade, 740

Travels

between Monticello and Washington, vii, viii, 9, 30, 84, 86, 111n, 119, 152, 161, 205, 215, 217, 218, 270, 305, 325, 350, 389, 399, 471, 510-11, 569n, 581-2

refuses to summer on tidewater, 315

must visit Monticello "by stealth," 471, 510-11

visits to Monticello misinterpreted by Federalists, 529

lists stages and distances to Charlottesville, 568-9

lists travel expenses from Monticello and Washington, 757

Vice President

alleged to have supported Federalist policies, 43-4

Writings

Circular to the Heads of Departments, x, 571, 576-8

List of Inoculations, 34-5

executive order on revenue districts, 55, 57n

works dedicated to, 179, 180n, 258, 523-4, 609-10

Notes on D.C. Commissioners' Accounts, 384-5

notes on cabinet meetings, 488-9, 609

list of navy captains, 488n

Calculation of Population Increase, 531-3

Notes on John Morton, 534

Notes on Actions for the War Department, 599-600

Notes on Circuit Court Cases, 599n, 612, 658

Notes on Consultation with Robert Smith, 599n, 612, 668

Notes on the Bank of the United States and Internal Revenues, 599n, 602-4, 612

Notes on the Funded Debt, 599n, 612, 672-3

Notes on Patronage in New Hampshire, 601

Calculation of Annual Debt Payment, 624-6

Draft of Message to Senate regarding Sedition Act, 656

Proclamation Offering Reward for Murderers of a Cherokee Woman, 747-8

See also Annual Message to Congress (1801); Declaration of Independence; Inaugural Address (1801); Manual of Parliamentary Practice. For the Use of the Senate of the United States; New Haven, Conn.: TJ's reply to merchants of; Notes on the State of Virginia

Jenkins, Elisha, 62

Jenner, Edward

develops smallpox vaccine, vii, 200

Inquiry, xlix, 425n, 698, 699n

sends vaccine matter to Waterhouse, 8, 89, 170, 174, 278, 495, 572

receives gold medal, 231

advises on vaccination methods, 369-70

Origin of the Vaccine Inoculation, 430

Jenny (daughter of Bagwell, TJ's slave), 35

Jerry (b. 1777; TJ's slave), 35

Jerusalem, 478

Jessie (brigantine), 82n

João, Prince Regent of Portugal

letter to, 441-2

consul general of, 137, 267

family, 441-2

identified, 442n

letters to, from cited, 442n

Joe. See Fossett, Joseph (1780-1858, Joe, TJ's slave)

John (b, 1753, TJ's slave), 34

John (b. 1785, Bedford John, TJ's slave), 34

John Adams (U.S. frigate), 668

Johnny (Delaware Indian), 599-600

Johns, Kensey, 428

Johnson, Charles, 460

Johnson, Joshua, 682

Johnson, Thomas de Mattos

recommended, appointed collector, 53, 54, 85, 226, 229n, 288

settlement of predecessor's accounts, 374n

Johnston, Charles, 757

Johnston, Peter, 501

Johnston, Samuel, 46n, 459

Jones, Edward (N.C.), 469n

Jones, Edward (Treasury clerk), 630n, 703, 706n

Jones, Evan, 549-50, 560n

Jones, Meriwether

letter from cited, 112n

recommends aspirants for office, 112n

as reference, 214

TJ's subscription to the Examiner, 233

Jones, Thomas, 185, 186n

Jones, Walter, 267

Jones, William (mariner), 111n

Jones, William (Pa.)

recommends aspirants to office, 65

advises on appointments, 100-1, 102n

as reference, 440n, 609, 705n

letter from cited, 756

Jordan, Melatiah, 726

Jordon, John, 83n

Joucherez, A., 758

Jouett, John, Jr., 14n

Journal of Andrew Ellicott, Late Commissioner on Behalf of the United States (Andrew Ellicott), 107n

Judiciary Act (1801), 27, 620

Julien, Honoré, 759

juries, 620, 635, 639, 648

"Juris Consultus" (pseudonym), 480-1, 607n

 
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