Volume 34 Index

A B C E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

J

Jackson, David, 375n, 581, 582n

Jackson, Henry, 155n, 207n, 661

Jackson, James

letter to, 197

letter from, 591-5

advises on appointments, 197, 559, 591-5

identified, 197n

Jackson, Jonathan, 547, 548n, 661

Jackson, Mary Charlotte Young, 591

Jackson, William

accused of writing "Americanus" letter, 419-20

removal of sought, 426, 428n, 444, 447, 450n

Jamaica

R. Richardson's estate in, 138n, 230-2

admiralty court at, 163, 164n, 261n

produce of, 456

American vessels taken to, 603

unhealthy climate of, 603

James River, 207

Jarvis, Charles, 661

Jarvis, Deliverance, 674n

Jarvis, Elias, 674n

Jarvis, William, 430n

Jay, John, 63, 283, 514n, 515n

Jay Treaty

ratification of, 24, 260

and extradition, 125n

opposition to, 173n, 296, 300n, 351, 444

boundary issue, 178n

and free trade, 283, 286n, 351

execution of, 283-4

appropriations for, 300n

and debt claims, 323-7, 649, 696

Loyalists' claims, 324

and naval prizes, 498-9

impact on Washington administration, 522

Jefferson, George

letters to, 18-19, 44, 100, 235-6, 375, 521, 684-5

letters from, 54, 101, 109, 185, 197-8, 229, 302, 376

handles TJ's business affairs in Richmond, 18-19, 44, 54, 100, 101, 109, 235-6, 369, 375, 376, 521, 611, 684-5

handles shipments for TJ, 44, 109, 185, 197-8, 229, 257, 302

and sale of TJ's tobacco, 54, 100

collects payments, handles transactions for Short, 197-8, 235, 375

visits Randolphs, 327, 595

and conduct of Stewart, 376, 407

letter to cited, 407n, 698

T. M. Randolph indebted to, 595

See also Gibson & Jefferson

Jefferson, Martha (Patty) Wayles Skelton (Mrs. Thomas Jefferson), 364n, 670

Jefferson, Thomas

Agriculture

on use of plaster of paris, 79n

agricultural investments superior to commercial, 231

experiments with strawberries, 306-7

exchanges seeds, plants with friends, 306-7n, 337, 339, 361, 481, 484n

"farmer's cares" various and interesting, 490

See also corn; tobacco

Business and Financial Affairs

orders fish, 4-5, 109, 185

orders hams, 18, 54, 100, 101, 185, 227, 229, 521

buys horses, 38, 42, 55, 99-100, 196, 227, 374-5, 379, 521

buys tools and ironmongery, 46n, 191, 194

orders carriage from Philadelphia, 52-3, 55, 79, 89-90, 194, 235, 306, 496, 530

orders cider, 55, 106, 124

sends halves of bank bills, 55, 68

payment of insurance premium, 56-7, 684, 685n

buys porcelain, 88n

newspaper subscriptions, 101, 292, 294n, 384-5, 529, 577n, 603n

account with J. Holmes, 102-3

powers of attorney, 287-8, 293n

orders plaster of paris, 302

Hardware River land, 327

account with Claxton, 332-3

buys Henderson property, 540, 567-8

lime and limestone, 574-5

harpsichord for Mary J. Eppes, 579

covers obligation for T. M. Randolph, 595

land rentals, 595

saltpeter mining on Rockbridge Co. lands, 674n

orders horse nettings, 692, 693n

See also Barnes, John; Gibson & Jefferson; Jefferson, George; Monticello; Short, William

Character and Image

mingles freely with citizens, viii-ix

defender of the Constitution, 18, 65, 271, 512

"father" to all Republicans, 75

friend to arts and science, 75, 80, 120, 387, 432, 471, 551

humility of, 141, 142, 575

friend to agriculture, 147-8

friend to commerce, manufacturing, 189, 314

criticized for lodging boarders at President's House, 245-6

friend to humanity, 349n

lacks prejudices, 349n

praised as philosopher, man of letters, 349n

will unite the county, 349n

reputation in Va., 368

leader of a nation, not a party, 431, 538

political power backed by "negro" majority, 644

Correspondence

on corresponding with governors, 24-7, 161-2, 173-4, 205

receives anonymous letters, 41, 455-8, 581, 582, 630-1, 644, 703

diminution of European correspondence, 143n, 670

and copying press, 193, 194n

urges Mary J. Eppes to write more often, 196-7, 200, 428

too busy to write often, 257, 671

declines writing letters of recommendation, 262

official vs. unofficial correspondence, 262

uses caution, disguise in writing, sending letters, 296, 559, 658

plan of correspondence with J. W. Eppes, 428

and interception of mail, 574, 585

receives letters from the insane, 615n

accidentally sends unsealed letter, 631-2

Governor of Virginia

and W. Rose, 364n

Law

and contempt of court, 213

naval prizes, 320-1, 547-50, 568-70, 586-7

judges should be given opportunity to do right, 597-8

Library

books obtained for, 19, 107, 149, 287, 328, 455n, 504n, 544, 598n, 706

subscribes to H. Blair's sermons, 322n

Minister to France

secretaries, 62-3, 64n

receives honorary degree, 137n

and Lormerie's purchase, 204n

residence in Paris, 294n, 693

and Rochon, 294n

and Volney, 442n

and Hombergs, 454n

and D. Parker, 539n

and C. Bulfinch, 693

Nailery

Stewart placed in charge of, 104, 111, 376, 407

blacksmiths at, 104n

nailrod and iron stock for, 227, 595n

account with S. Clarke, 494, 495n

Opinions

on Washington society, ix, 173, 196, 200, 235, 245-6, 257, 409, 429

secretary of legation a diplomatic apprenticeship, 62

on diplomatic appointments, 63

on Callender, 205

on agricultural vs. commercial investments, 231

connection between virtue and happiness, 322

simple systems the most manageable, 373

dislikes poetry, 400-1

criticizes form of territorial government, 562n

on marriage, 566n

time an imperfect medicine, 670

Patronage and Appointments

principles regarding removals, vii, 68, 556, 606

reply to New Haven merchants, vii, 554-8, 606, 626, 644, 658, 672n

Republicans entitled to share of offices, vii-viii, 197, 309, 433, 546-7, 555-6, 591-2, 606, 616, 644, 671, 684

notes on patronage, 6-7

Federalists criticize, 17

fears Senate will reject nominations, 66-7, 372, 426

recess appointments, 67n, 110n, 208n, 561n

removals due to misconduct and delinquency, 68, 125-6n, 127, 130, 281n, 532, 556, 626, 627n, 684

and "midnight appointments," 94n, 129, 131n, 334n, 433, 556, 606, 610, 640

mistrusts applicants, 109-10

relies on friends, congressmen for advice on, 109-10, 197, 221, 265-6, 402, 465-6, 513, 515n, 554, 559

and postal appointments, 110

difficulty of making appointments and removals, 127, 401-2, 489-90, 554, 616, 625

moderate approach toward, 127, 129-30, 224, 264-5, 309, 343, 610, 616, 625

removals needed to restore Republican unity, 127

judiciary removals, 129-30, 131n, 197, 449n

criticizes J. K. Read's recommendation, 164n

and Sargent's removal, 217n

"general sweep" in Conn., 309, 342-3, 431, 547

reappoints Republicans, 357n, 447

opposes removals for difference of opinion, 372, 401, 402, 416-17, 490

reduction of useless offices, 372-3, 384, 398-9

can only appoint offices of first grade, 401

discourages applicants, 401, 489-90

appointment of clerks, 429

sends blank commissions, 543n, 681-2

postpones appointments, 559

cabinet unanimous on removal policy, 610

Republican appointees must be above exception, 640

and "electioneering" by Federal officers, 644

appointment of Revolutionary War veterans, 690n

Personal Affairs

attends Independence Day festivities, viii-ix

trustee of Ariana Randolph, 11-12, 53, 97-8, 101, 611

prepares for residence in Washington, 17, 64

orders wine, 38, 44, 55, 68-9, 100, 101, 106, 124, 227, 257, 259, 589, 615, 650, 701

sends wine to T. M. Randolph, 44, 198

seeks portrait of S. Adams, 52, 496-7

declines all guardianships and executorships, 53, 611

expense of outfit in Washington, 55, 68-9, 100, 240, 521, 650, 686

inquires about G. Morris's silver service, 64, 151-2, 267

sends dinner invitations, 103, 193, 200, 242

invites family to Washington, 111, 196, 200, 429

Madisons reside with, at President's House, 111, 196, 200, 246n, 257

strangers ask for money, 136-7, 416, 537, 571

health of, 174

assembles household staff, 189, 357-9, 489n, 544-6, 568, 685

seeks to alter table, 191

orders copy of Roman askos, 194, 233

grooming, 210

sends music to M. J. Randolph, 257, 580

stockings, 333n, 390

gives money in charity, 369n, 398, 410, 705

seeks vegetables and berries in Washington, 452

receives model of Egyptian pyramid, 454

clothing for servants, 488-9

tailoring, 488-9

gives blessing to servants' marriage, 565-6

receives Indian statues, 598, 599n

receives liqueurs and sweetmeats, 637-8

effect of wife's death on, 670

See also President's House

Political Theories

majority and minority rights, vii, 555-6

Republicans and Federalists both republicans, vii, 616-17, 625-6

economy in public expense, viii, 63, 74n, 110, 130-1n, 234, 561, 684

return government to republican principles, viii, 262

strength of republican government, 18

encouragement of agriculture and commerce, 70-1, 189

emphasizes republican simplicity, 110

importance of states' powers, 188-9, 374

application of presidential pardons, 213

and contempt of court, 213

freedom of the press, 213, 268-9, 493-4

importance of impartial judiciary, 213

neutral rights, 251-4

admits grounds for rational opposition, 417

free speech, 493-4, 554

militia preferable to standing army, 645

Politics

supports rights of aliens, 8-9, 271-2

predicts demise of Federalists, 17

ends relationship with Callender, 205, 229-30

fears divisions among Republicans, 309, 587-8, 616-17, 626

accused of punishing Federalists, 536

and Miss. Terr. politics, 560-1, 562n

See also Federalists; Republicans

Portraits

by Edwin, xlii, 356 (illus.)

publication of, xlii, 690n

by R. Peale, xlii, 38, 42

by Tiebout, xlii

by Savage, 53n

on medals, 73n

given as gifts, 588, 589

President

calls for reconciliation and harmony, viii, 17, 18, 23, 56, 65, 127, 262, 264-5, 271, 555, 561, 616, 625-6, 660

military reductions, viii, xlii, 110-11, 373n, 384, 398-9, 630n, 645, 695n

conference with Cherokee delegation, ix, 505-11

friend to immigrants, 8-9

and courts-martial, 15-17, 364-8, 377-8

assembles cabinet, 22, 110, 111, 534-5

calculates marine forces of Barbary states, 31n

salary, 37, 38n

establishment of public market in Washington, 51-2

and impressment of American seamen, 67

election, inauguration celebrated, 73n, 123n, 389n, 418n, 455

and Library of Congress, 74n

proposed military academy, 87n

communicates to Congress by message, 110

does away with levees, 110

reduces diplomatic establishment, 110, 129, 130-1n, 176, 208-9, 309, 398-9

and cession of Louisiana by Spain to France, 111, 186, 205, 560

cabinet meetings, 114-15, 125, 129-31, 308, 325, 326

orders navy vessels to Mediterranean, 114-15, 159, 160n, 266-7, 308-9, 607-8, 646, 683-4

and Tripoli, 115, 159-61, 205, 266-8, 308, 373

tribute for Algiers, 115n, 205, 266-7, 308-9, 373

extraditions, 125-6, 206

and Southwestern Indians, 129, 130n, 458, 558-9

and Truxtun's seniority, 139-40, 201

return of French prisoners, 157-8

and Yznardi's conduct as consul, 166-7n

and U.S. Mint, 167

halts prosecutions under Sedition Act, 169-70, 583-4, 597-8

and W. Duane's legal trials, 169-70, 213-14

and conduct of McLane, 170-1

and disposition of D.C. lots, 198-200, 202-3, 334-6

temporary building for House of Reps., 234-5

issues pardons, 242n, 320n, 364n, 396, 460n, 486n, 583n

and military commissions, 257

case of the Betsy Cathcart, 320-1, 497-503

and British debt claims, 323-6, 696

revenue cutters, 357n, 644

granting of passports, 379-81, 396-8

and postal contracts, 395-6

roads through Cherokee territory, 457n, 458

improvement, reorganization of postal service, 461n

Burrus case, 463-4

lease of salt springs, 493n

investigation of W. Watson, 532

recommends Létombe to Bonaparte, 545, 546

capture and restoration of the Berceau, 547-9

restitution of naval prizes, 547-50, 568-70, 586-7, 668n

negotiations with Ga., 558-9

repeal of Judiciary Act, 559

relations with Spain, 560

support for, among Federalists, 601

relations with Great Britain, 646, 649, 671, 683-4

Religion

on establishment of religion, 17

decries religious intolerance, 24n, 490-1, 493-4, 606-7

accused of atheism, 39, 92-3, 483n

Scientific Interests

and Chambers's plan for repeating firearms, 148n

knowledge of medical theories, 270n

seeks to purchase telescope, 272, 434, 436n

smallpox vaccination, 273-7, 462, 471, 580, 581-2, 629, 640-1

and carriage wheel construction, 286n

and Rochon, 294n

weights and measures, 408n, 624n

interest in chemistry, 480-1

megalonyx, 554n

and seashell fossils, 631n

See also mastodon

Secretary of State

and David Humphreys, 60

and convention with Spain on fugitives, 125n

praises Lambert, 172n

applications to, for appointments, 183n

and neutral rights, 253-4n

and P. R. Randall, 310, 311n

and citizenship of consuls, 333

and granting of passports, 381n, 396-8

report on weights and measures, 408n

Slaveholder

hires slave labor, 208n

purchases slaves, 208n

payments to slaves, 572n

smallpox vaccination for slaves, 580, 581-2

Travels

between Monticello and Washington, ix, 4, 7n, 9n, 17, 19, 47, 48n, 64, 196, 259, 375, 429, 451, 530, 535, 547, 548, 559, 562n, 567, 572, 577, 580, 582, 610, 614, 623, 626-7, 640, 646, 648, 649, 650, 651, 671, 683, 684-5, 686

invited to visit Winchester and Staunton, 259

urged to make tour of western and southern states, 456

Vice President

asylum for A. H. Rowan, 475n

Writings

notes on J. Hunter's recommendations, 6-7

notes on cabinet meetings, 114-15, 125-6, 129-31, 326-7

notes on conversations, 221, 255, 256, 419-20

opinion on neutral rights, 251-4

notes on British debt claims, 323-6, 696

opinion of G. Walker's case, 334-6

works dedicated to, 388n

notes on passports, 397-8

translates Volney's Ruines, 438, 440, 441n

Heads of Answer to Speech of The Glass, 505-10

Memoir on the Megalonyx, 554n

memorandums on restitution of prizes, 568-71, 586-7

executive order on revenue districts, 676-7

See also Inaugural Address (1801); Notes on the State of Virginia

"Jefferson and Liberty" (Michael Fortune), 417-18, 580n

Jefferson College (Va.), 322-3, 387

"Jefferson's March" (Peter S. Du Ponceau), 418n

jelly, 638n

Jenings, Edmund

letter to, 611

and estate of Ariana Randolph, 53, 611

letter from cited, 54n

TJ accidentally sends unsealed letter to, 631-2

Jenisch, Mark Johan, 504

Jenner, Edward, 273-7, 462n, 468, 645n

Jernigan, William

letter from cited, 364n

Jews, 149n

João, Prince Regent of Portugal

letter from cited, 209n

letter to cited, 209n, 698

and recall of W. L. Smith, 209n

Joel Barlow to his Fellow Citizens of the United States of America. Letter II, 456, 457n

Joell, Thomas, 188n

John Adams (U.S. frigate), 30, 330, 433-4

Johns, Kensey, 348, 349n

Johnson, Joshua, 226-7

Johnson, Samuel, 117, 118n

Johnson, Thomas de Mattos, 280n

Johnson, William, 6, 7n

Jones, Mr. (office seeker), 429

Jones, Calvin

letter from, 645

urges revision of militia laws, 645

identified, 645n

Jones, David

letter from, 491-3

advises on politics, western affairs, 491-3

Jones, Edward (Treasury clerk), 381n

Jones, Evan, 218n, 562n

Jones, Hugh (mariner), 26, 163-4, 173, 206

Jones, Malachi, 544

Jones, Meriwether

TJ's subscription to the Examiner, 101

and R. Richardson's inheritance, 138n, 231

recommends J. K. Read, 164n

and Callender, 229

editor of the Examiner, 231

letter from cited, 704

Jones, Thomas

recommended by Griffiths, 269

letter from cited, 270n

seeks appointment, 270n

Jones, Walter, 606n

Jones, William (Pa.)

letter to, 123-4

letter from, 150

offered, declines secretaryship of the navy, 123-4, 150, 172-3, 427, 534

as reference, 474

Jones, Willie (N.C.), 177

Jones & Kain, 707, 708

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, 31-2

Jouett, John, Jr., 244, 245n

Journal of Andrew Ellicott, Late Commissioner on Behalf of the United States (Andrew Ellicott), 251n

Judd, William, 344n

Judiciary Act (1801)

repeal of, 3, 23, 110, 176, 186-7, 228, 559, 576, 593-4

opposition to, 186-7, 576

creates judicial appointments, 213n

Julien, Honoré, 135, 685n

Jupiter (planet), 687

jury packing, 297, 386, 627n

Justinian

Institutes, 254n

Juvenal

Satires, 609n

A B C E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z