Volume 33 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

J

Jackson, Andrew, 62n, 599n

Jackson, Charles, 593n

Jackson, Henry, 496, 520

Jackson, James

letter from cited, 479n

recommends Charlton, 479n

denounces McAllister, 593n

Jackson, William

letter to, 14

letter from, 58-9

and TJ's political principles, 14

expresses confidence in TJ, 58

surveyor at Philadelphia, 458, 614

Jackson & Wharton (Philadelphia)

give TJ's tobacco poor rating, 7, 34, 92, 216, 504

price for TJ's tobacco, 461

Jamaica, 464, 552

James II, King of England, 209n

James River, 542

Janney, Abel

letter from, 282-3

militia escort for TJ, 282-3

Janney & Paton (Alexandria), 283n

January, Thomas, 667n

Jaquett, Peter

letter from, 552-3

recommended for office, 191

seeks appointment, 552-3

Jarvis, Benjamin, 677

Jarvis, Charles, 60, 638

Jarvis, William, 665, 678

Jaucourt, Louis de

Synonymes Français, 516, 517

Jaudenes, Josef de, 654n

Java Sea, 249n

Jay, John, 622, 623n

Jay Treaty

and debt claims, 10n, 190, 277n, 280, 547-8

opposition to, 13n, 72n, 131n, 455n

grants privileges to Great Britain, 22n

appropriations for, 278

compensation for slaves taken during Revolution, 300-1

and trade with West Indies, 468

Jefferson, Anna Scott (Nancy; TJ's niece), 551-2

Jefferson, George

letters to, 33-4, 157-8, 465, 602-3, 603, 619-20, 628

letters from, 92-3, 158-60, 542, 548

letter to cited, 34n, 685

and sale of TJ's tobacco, 92, 542, 602-3, 619-20, 628

forwards information to Callender, 157-8

handles shipments for TJ, 158, 203, 542

opposes brother's application for office, 158-60, 465, 494-5

collects payments, handles transactions for Short, 338

handles TJ's business affairs in Richmond, 548, 602-3, 611, 628

See also Gibson & Jefferson

Jefferson, John Garland

letters from, 110-11, 494-5

seeks appointment, 110-11, 158-60, 465, 494-5

Jefferson, Thomas

Agriculture

and Legaux's vineyard, 160-1, 430-1

exchanges seeds, plants with friends, 328, 370

See also corn; seeds; tobacco

Business and Financial Affairs

orders carriage from Philadelphia, xi, 500-2, 527-9, 600-1, 609-10

buys Henderson property, 18

buys horses, 37, 349-50, 460, 462, 482, 552, 570, 602, 610-11, 628

circumstances reported to be "embarrassed," 214

buys furniture, 306n

buys tools and ironmongery, 377n, 595

covers obligation for T. M. Randolph, 462

debt to Henderson, McCaul & Co., 462, 640

household expenses, 478-9, 504n

newspaper subscriptions, 529n, 573n, 602, 603n, 640

account with D. Ross arbitrated, 587n

Wayles estate debt, 603

See also Barnes, John; Gibson & Jefferson; Jefferson, George; Monticello; Short, William

Character and Image

humility of, viii, xii, 142, 147, 151-2, 181, 213, 305

enemy to commerce, 14, 137

friend to agriculture, 14, 247n

friend to commerce, manufacturing, 30, 247n

friend to arts and science, 61, 90, 104, 109, 116, 221, 232, 483, 647

vilified and abused, 102-3, 232, 354, 446

appearance described, 134

impact of public service on reputation, 142, 146, 151

will accept no gifts while in public office, 252-3, 266, 388

mind thrives on new challenges, 290

"Citizen of the World," 298

respect for, in Europe, 359, 398, 515-16, 516-17

Correspondence

writes over Lincoln's signature, viii, 349n, 453

reestablishes contact with friends in France, viii-ix

uses caution, disguise in writing, sending letters, 13n, 14, 328-9, 339n, 453, 511n

and newspapers, 102, 103n, 232, 395n, 454, 534n

receives anonymous letters, 122-3, 168-9, 522-3, 532-4, 548-9, 689

confused with Adams's mail, 213, 303

"Mazzei letter," 229n

official vs. unofficial correspondence, 453

plan of correspondence with J. W. Eppes, 459

too busy to write often, 493, 511, 600

Governor of Virginia

Hamilton case, 126, 127n

British attempt to capture, 369n

defense of Virginia, 519n

Inauguration

descriptions of, viii, xlviii, 134-5, 152n, 268

music composed in honor of, xlvii-xlviii, 97, 98, 223-4, 369, 406 (illus.)

preparations for, 117-18, 119, 128-9

oath of office, 119, 120

poetry composed in honor of, 449-50, 450-1

news of, in Europe, 617n

See also Inaugural Address (1801)

Library

books obtained for, 21, 75-7, 210, 253-4, 338, 417-18, 438n

subscribes to The Abbess, 579n

Minister to France

assists D'Anterroches, 408-9

meets various people, 515-18, 571, 572n, 648

friendship with Samuel Adams, 639

Nailery

new nailery to be built, 22-3, 67

labor requirements, productivity of, 434-5

sizes, types of nails, 435

Opinions

Washington society "agreeable," 256

convulsions in Europe harmful to America, 274, 370

secretary of legation a diplomatic apprenticeship, 433, 440

on patriotism, 459

on meaning of the Constitution, 475-6

on war, 476

printers and clergy exist on zeal and schisms, 491-2

prefers "chaste neatness" over splendor, 501

encouragement of printing in America, 579n

understands navy department the least, 605

Patronage and Appointments

appointment of relatives, ix, 158-60, 465, 495

avoids appointing Virginians, ix, 439

geographic balance sought, ix, 215

list of candidates, ix, xlviii, 406 (illus.), 665-8

lists of appointments and removals, ix, 668-79

and "midnight appointments," ix, 413-14, 428, 436-7, 460-1, 466, 491, 493, 555, 664, 668, 669n, 671-2, 674, 675, 676, 677, 678

moderate approach toward, ix-x, 4n, 138, 209, 260, 262, 422-3, 428, 430n, 437

fears Senate will reject nominations, x, 38, 57, 614n, 621-2

recess appointments, x

sends nominations to the Senate, x, 188-9, 664-5, 669n

notes on patronage, 11-12, 183-4, 513-15

lists of Adams's appointments, 15, 52

Circular Letter to Midnight Appointees, 172-3

relies on friends, congressmen for advice on, 201-2, 319, 514n, 606, 664

removals due to misconduct and delinquency, 206n, 209, 260, 414, 428, 436-7, 461, 466, 488, 491, 620, 669, 673, 675-9

no removals for difference of opinion, 207n, 209, 257, 414, 428, 461, 488, 491, 493

will not appoint Federalists, 208-9, 493

principles regarding removals, 220, 413-14, 436-7, 453, 460-1, 466, 488, 663

judiciary removals, 260, 274, 311, 414, 454, 460-1, 491, 493, 555, 604, 663, 672, 674-5, 678-9

newspaper publishers not appointed postmasters, 332n

corrupting influence of, 424

erroneous reports on, in newspapers, 427, 428n, 460, 492

obstacle to unity, 436

Republicans entitled to share of offices, 436, 493, 663-4, 669, 672-3

postpones appointments, 514n

withholds commissions, 558, 559n, 604, 668, 675

maintains silence on all applications, 606

reappoints Republicans, 672, 675, 676

Personal Affairs

assembles household staff, xi, 38-9, 43, 81-2, 96-8, 121-2, 181, 268-9, 302-3, 350-1, 360, 366-7, 426n, 430n, 449, 450-1, 504n, 505, 506-7, 530-1

prepares for residence in Washington, xi, 37, 230, 271, 338, 414, 466, 477-8, 496, 505, 507, 511, 555, 602

private secretary, xi, 51, 119, 120n, 238-9, 241-2, 386, 507, 531, 665

trustee of Ariana Randolph, 39-40, 299-300, 428-9

offered saddle, 104, 116, 252-3, 388

buys shoes, 182

strangers ask for money, 242-4, 374-5, 577

buys drawing of Volney, 251, 316

orders wine, 258, 335n, 360, 362-3, 420-1, 441, 477-8, 549-50, 554, 584

health of, 328

effects of political life on family, 459

tailoring, 502-4

clothing for servants, 503, 504n, 531

dining room servants, 508n

inquires about G. Morris's silver service, 554

Madisons reside with, at President's House, 595n

instructions to steward, 605

See also President's House

Political Theories

on entangling foreign alliances, American isolation, viii, 140, 141, 145, 146, 150, 348, 358-9, 384, 390-1

encouragement of agriculture and commerce, 14, 141, 146, 151

explains his fundamental principles of government, 14, 141-2, 145-6, 150-1

will not depart from reason and moderation, 14

rekindling of revolutionary spirit, 66n, 137, 270, 289, 319, 490-1

taxation, 66n

executive branch monarchical, legislative branch republican, 102

emphasizes republican simplicity, 136

majority and minority rights, 136-7, 139, 141, 144, 146, 149, 151

conciliation toward Federalists, 137, 201, 208, 215, 414

law sovereign in America, 140, 409

strength of republican government, 140, 145, 149, 196-7, 394, 398-9, 403, 409

details blessings enjoyed by America, 140-1, 145, 150

commitment to liberty, equal rights, 141, 146, 150, 151

economy in public expense, 141, 146, 151

free and frequent elections by the people, 141, 146, 150, 400, 409, 475

freedom of the press, 141, 146, 151, 409

honest payment of debts, 141, 146, 151

importance of impartial judiciary, 141, 146, 151

importance of states' powers, 141, 146, 150

militia preferable to standing army, 141, 146, 151

preservation of general government, 141, 146, 150

wise and frugal government best, 141, 145, 150, 506

civil over military authority, 146, 151, 439

likens the republic to a ship, 196, 270, 398, 403, 487

on Federalists, Federalist policies, 197, 337-8, 372, 393, 465-6, 491

hopes to obliterate party spirit, 201, 274, 289, 337, 341, 384, 401-2

election of 1800 a "contest of principle," 213

French actions alienate Americans, 337, 341, 359, 423, 465

government a "clock run down," 394, 401-2, 403-4

president's power must be limited, 400, 424

self-regulation preferable to government regulation, 400, 427

public opinion seldom immoral, unwise, 427

attempt no more good than nation can bear, 506

"new fences" for securing constitutional rights, 506

Politics

Federalist leaders incurable, isolated, ix, 16, 21, 208, 215, 274, 289, 337-8, 414, 422-3, 423, 487-8, 491

accused of bargaining for presidency, 4n

predicts demise of Federalists, 38, 262, 337-8

election divides Federalists, 66-7, 208, 337-8

conciliation will weaken his administration, 86

would accept Burr as president, 229-30

usurpation of election would set precedent, 230

reports to friends about House balloting for President, 241n

and Harper's Letter, 372

urges repeal of Judiciary Act, 555

See also election of 1800; Federalists; Republicans

Portraits

by R. Peale, x, xlvii, 34-5, 114, 433-4

on creamware pitcher, xlv-xlvi, 406 (illus.)

on campaign banner, xlvi-xlvii, 406 (illus.)

by Edwin, 114, 114n

by Tiebout, 114, 530n

publication of, 529-30

President

assembles cabinet, vii, 13, 16, 255-6, 260, 271-2, 329, 453, 456, 471, 493, 570

cabinet meetings, vii, xi, 184n, 219-20, 232-3

calls for reconciliation and harmony, ix, 139-40, 144-5, 149-50, 208, 215, 228, 254, 319, 338, 367, 402-3, 409, 414, 422-3, 430n, 436, 460, 465-6, 487-8, 491

support for among Federalists, ix, 10-11n, 21, 37-8, 66-7, 208, 535, 578

issues pardons, x-xi, 232, 251-2, 309-10, 318n, 557, 559n, 566, 596, 604

election as, announced, xlv, 3-4, 562, 681

election, inauguration celebrated, xlvi-xlviii, 3n, 28, 30, 46-7, 48, 97, 98, 130, 134-5, 155-6n, 157n, 186, 203, 224n, 247n, 265, 273, 353n

Federalists fear change of administration, 10n

defender of the Constitution, 130, 194, 409

rightful successor of Washington, 130, 138

President's House accounts, 153n

building regulations in D.C., 154-5, 233

relations with Great Britain, 190, 403, 501

halts prosecutions under Sedition Act, 232, 251-2

orders navy vessels to Mediterranean, 233

attends public dinner, 235-6, 271, 283n

sends letters of credence, 259n

settlement of navy contracts, 272-3

return of French prisoners, 273

inspects sites for marine barracks, 308n

relations with Spain, 321-2, 457

instructions regarding exchange of ratifications with France, 346-9

relations with France, 348

indemnification for loss of Insurgente, 349n

investigates abuses at navy yards, 398n, 606

post office proposed moved to State Department, 429-30

indebtedness of D.C., 480-2

and Olive Branch affair, 534-6

writes letters of introduction, 565, 566

messages to Congress, 592n

Religion

accused of atheism, 106-7, 655

decries religious intolerance, 139-40, 144, 149, 491

freedom of religion, 141, 146, 151

attends sermons, 163n

advised to avoid public comments on, 304-5

on establishment of religion, 338, 423-4

Christianity "most friendly" to liberty and science, 424

clergy thrives on fear and schisms, 491-2

admires Quakers, 492

Scientific Interests

Federalists, clergy enemies of science, 197, 393, 423-4

megalonyx, 200, 325-6, 327n

Cuvier's Leçons, 437

his election to presidency a boon to science, 483, 647

seeks moose skeleton, 561n

meridian at Washington, 580-2

See also American Philosophical Society; mastodon

Secretary of State

applications to, for appointments, 444

coinage, 467, 468n

and Van der Kemp, 498n

delivers commissions, 514n

supervision of consuls, 604

passport requests, 609n

and Cutting's claim, 617n

French intrigues in Mississippi Valley, 654n

Slaveholder

manumits J. Hemings, 39n

opinion on Somerset case, 438n

hires slave labor, 508n

payments to slaves, 508n, 641n

purchases slaves, 508n

sells slave to Madison, 508n

See also Monticello

Travels

between Monticello and Washington, xi-xii, 18, 21, 36, 203-4, 209, 230, 256, 259-60, 268, 271, 315, 338, 352, 367, 369, 394, 414, 438, 445, 447, 453, 456, 459-60, 461, 466, 482, 496, 500, 505, 506, 507, 511, 566, 605, 606, 642, 658-9

between Monticello and Richmond, 36

1791 trip to northern states, 131n

arranges horses for, 203-4, 256, 259-60, 315, 369, 445

condition of weather, roads, 507-8, 568-659, 642, 643

plans biannual visits to Monticello, 570, 641

Vice President

farewell address to Senate, viii, 101-2, 118, 681

attendance, xi

certifies counting of electoral votes, 12n

presides over Senate, 15n, 681-4

thanks House of Representatives, 25, 54

informed of election results, 25n, 54, 681, 682

satisfied to continue as, 229-30

salary, 479n

makes notations on Senate documents, 681-4

Writings

list of candidates, ix, xlviii, 406 (illus.), 665-9

lists of appointments and removals, ix, 669-79

notes on W. Pinkney's letter, 10-11

notes on patronage, 11-12, 183-4, 513-15

Notes on the State of Virginia, 13n, 327n

lists of Adams's appointments, 15, 52

Manual advertised for sale, 54

requests communication to House published, 54

Inaugural Address (1805), 135

Kentucky Resolutions of 1798, 135

Circular Letter to Midnight Appointees, 172-3

notes on cabinet meetings, 219-20, 232-3

Memoir on the Megalonyx, 327n

translates Volney's Ruines, 341-2

instructions regarding exchange of ratifications with France, 346-9

See also Declaration of Independence; Inaugural Address (1801)

"Jefferson and Liberty" (Michael Fortune), 99n

"Jefferson's March" (Peter S. Du Ponceau), xlvii, 97, 98-9

Jenings, Edmund

and estate of Ariana Randolph, 39-40, 428

letter from cited, 40n, 689

Jérémie, Saint-Domingue, 448n

Jerez, Spain, 549-50

Jernigan, William

letter from cited, 686

Jews, 42n, 358n

Job, 47

Joel Barlow to his Fellow Citizens of the United States of America. Letter II (Joel Barlow), 274

John (b. 1753, TJ's slave), 570

Johnson, Joshua, 110

Johnson, Thomas

appointed to, declines judgeship, 52n, 173n, 267, 268n, 380n, 417n, 670, 675

as D.C. commissioner, 205

criticized by J. T. Mason, 380

Johnson, Thomas de Mattos, 220n, 669, 673, 677

Johnston, Francis, 71, 73n, 79

Jones, David

letter from, 123-5

seeks appointment, 123-5

identified, 124n

letter from cited, 124n

Jones, Edward

appointed commercial agent, 667, 676

letter from cited, 689

Jones, John Coffin, 225n, 666

Jones, Malachi, 671, 677

Jones, Meriwether

relationship with Callender, 46

prints TJ's correspondence, 103n

TJ's subscription to the Examiner, 602, 603n, 640

Jones, Walter

letter to, 506

letter from, 283-8

shares thoughts on government and society, 283-8

identified, 288n

letter from cited, 288n

thanked by TJ, 506

recommends Orr, 666

Jones, Walter, Jr.

appointed U.S. attorney, 288n, 558, 596, 671, 678

Jones, William (Pa.)

letter to, 351-2

letter from, 416

recommends aspirants for office, 246n, 667

offered, declines secretaryship of the navy, 351-2, 372, 389, 416, 438, 452, 456, 606, 613

identified, 352n

letter from cited, 690

Jones, Willie (N.C.), 175

Jouett, John, Jr., 666, 667n

journeymen, 67

Judas Maccabaeus (Georg Friedrich Händel), xlvii

Judiciary Act (1801)

creates judicial appointments, ix, 555

repeal of, 276, 643

Julien, Honoré

chef of President's House, xi, 303n, 366-7, 430n, 449, 450, 505n, 506-7, 605

Julien, Mrs. Honoré, 366-7, 449, 451n

Jupiter (planet), 581n

Jupiter (TJ's slave), 23n

"Juricola" (Tench Coxe), 301n

jury packing

by Federalists, 11, 117n, 206, 260, 437, 454, 461, 491, 493, 658, 670n, 673, 675

 
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