Volume 32 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

U

Uches. See Yuchi (Uchee) Indians

United States

Army

military academy proposed, 5n

views on standing army, 33, 96, 422

harbor fortifications, 56-7, 66-8, 247

militia preferred over, 60, 173, 339, 422

and executive patronage, 126

armory at New London, Va., 248, 249n

officers of provisional, 309n

War, Navy Departments could be combined, 409

regiments disbanded, 422

fire in War Department office, 435-6

superintendent of military stores, 435n

clerks, functions of War Department, 462-3, 575n

War Department maps, 463

appointments, 495

Armstrong suggested as secretary of war, 566

L. H. Stockton nominated, withdrawn as secretary of war, 566, 567n

Confederation Congress

authorizes monument to Washington, 61-2

admiralty courts, 370, 371n

Congress, Fifth (4 Mch. 1797-3 Mch. 1799)

and proposed board of agriculture, 14n

Gerry insulted on floor of House, 494, 495n

Congress, Sixth (4 Mch. 1799-3 Mch. 1801)

opening of 2d session, vii, 115, 116, 216, 243, 248-9, 263

toasted, 61n

elected during XYZ influence on policy, 97

party strengths in, 97, 243

and allowances for consuls, 132-3

act further to suspend commercial intercourse between U.S. and France, 214, 217n

bill for uniform mode of drawing jurors by lot, 214, 217n

and regulation of judges' officeholding, 214, 217n

Ross election bill, 214, 217n, 379n

convenes in new Capitol, 248n

authorization for congressional library, 259

idle, 263, 324, 336, 376, 385

post roads bill, 323, 324n, 336-7

potential bills to direct outcome of presidential election, 358

act to establish uniform system of bankruptcy, 381

and Gérard claim, 384-5

bill for Washington mausoleum, 385, 386n, 601, 602

and budget surplus, 385

possible prolongation of, 404n

bill to continue Sedition Act, 418, 419n, 504, 515, 597n

relief of S. Lewis, 462-4, 574-5, 602

public dissatisfied with, 515

considers continued suspension of trade with France, 540

and western land titles, 603

See also District of Columbia; Judiciary Act (1801)

Congress, Seventh (4 Mch. 1801-3 Mch. 1803)

Republican majorities expected, 6, 95-7, 227, 485

potential role in resolving presidential election, 436-7

dispensation to Dufour for land purchase, 529-33

Senate called for 4 Mch., 572

Continental Congress

Wythe's, P. Randolph's experience in, xxxvi, 21n

members, 415n

Courts

R. R. Livingston laments "arbitrary dogmas" of, 10, 122

Robbins extradition, 33-4

circuit courts, 70n, 213n, 353n

Ware v. Hylton, 70n

suit against E. Randolph, 74-6, 154, 374

importance of trial by jury, 96

impeachment of judges, 122

and indemnification of consuls, 132

chief justiceship, 167, 168n, 322, 323-4n, 358

marshals, 212, 327-8, 347-8, 349n, 358n, 360n, 450-2, 457-8, 460-1, 561-3, 564, 582, 592

judges' officeholding, 214, 217n

juries, 214, 217n, 347-8

Pa. Federalists seek judicial appointments, 308

district court judges, 353n, 525n, 561, 563n

judicial appointments, 353n, 443n

chief justice as potential acting president, 358, 375, 385

lasting effects of judicial appointments, 358, 385

judges' role in certification of electoral votes, 367n

district attorneys, 387n, 563n, 567n, 570n

judiciary aligned with executive, 422, 485

clerks, 561, 563n

Marshall named chief justice, 570n

Judiciary Act of 1789, 592

room in Capitol for Supreme Court, 599, 602

See also common law; Judiciary Act (1801)

Economy

speculation in paper, lands, 7n

use of hard money, coins, 17, 405

commerce toasted, 61n

agricultural economics, 85, 121-2, 151-3

values of securities, currency, 86, 154

role of commerce, 96

domestic tobacco markets, 107

transactions in state currencies, 108, 209, 260n, 400, 402n, 409-10, 413-14, 427, 440, 441n, 450, 470-2, 473, 499, 534, 535, 558, 573

bank stocks, 158

Europeans explore commercial prospects, 161-2n

specie as tender of contracts, 164

agricultural supplier to industrial, commercial France and Britain, 181, 183, 325, 326, 438

national currency advocated, 270n

weights and measures, 334, 361-3, 444-5

as market for British manufactures, 339, 586

relationship of banks' notes in circulation to capital, 350-1

importance of agriculture, 422, 501

shipping increasingly in foreign hands, 422-3

potential supply of naval stores to Britain, 438, 439n

imprisonment for debt, 462-4, 574-5

trade with W. Indies, 497n

commercial, banking interests and election intrigue, 500

efforts toward manufacturing self-sufficiency during American Revolution, 582n

textile milling, 582n

Executive

likened to a monarchy, 126, 302-3

fund for furnishings used to purchase horses for president, 140

social expectations for cabinet, president, 303-4

post roads system means patronage, favoritism, 337

use of favors, patronage, 422, 518-19

Foreign Relations

and Spanish authorities in Fla., 51, 52n

boundaries, 55n, 224, 448, 479, 480n, 481n, 548, 549n

avoidance of entangling alliances, 96, 294, 422, 590

consuls as neutrals, 132

compensation, indemnification of consuls, 132-4

with Denmark, 156, 293-4

with Spain, 162, 373, 396-7, 424

with Naples and Sicily, 173, 339-40

potential alliance with neutrality league, 186, 189, 195, 204

with Prussia, 293-4, 296n

with Russia, 294

aggression against Britain proposed, 339

diplomatic relations with Saint-Domingue, 356-7

importance of avoiding war, 372, 422, 438

assuring American neutrality, 381, 382-4

diplomatic establishment, 381, 506-7

proposal to have no resident ministers of other nations in U.S., 383

no news from Europe, 385

with Batavian Republic, 424

dominated by Treasury Department, 424

draw attention, resources from domestic needs, 424

U.S. favors monarchies, not republics, 424-5

Sayre proposes multinational agreement, 452-7, 590

with Algiers, 456

nation faces an agitated international situation, 581

See also Convention of 1800; France: U.S. Relations with; Great Britain: U.S. Relations with

Government

Digest of the Laws, 364-6

1792 act on presidential election, succession, 367, 484-6, 488n

TJ desires council of appointment, 381

need for a congressional library, 423

German edition of statutes needed, 424

House of Representatives

petitioned, 132-3, 364-6, 462-4, 529-33

Republican majority expected, 227

committees, 259n, 364-6, 418, 419n, 436n

party strengths in, 263

potential succession of speaker to presidency of U.S., 484

procedures for opening of electoral votes, balloting, 567-8, 578-9, 599, 603

Jay Treaty appropriations vote, 576, 577n

See also election of 1800

Indian Affairs

supervised by War Department, 50, 52n, 463

Creek agency, 50-2, 243

and Spanish Fla., 50-2

Navy

toasted, 60

ships stationed in W. Indies, 113, 114n

and executive patronage, 126, 138n

sentiments against, 137-8, 173, 339

aggressive actions of, 146

qualifications for secretary of, 303

secretaryship offered to R. R. Livingston, 303-4, 322, 358, 408-9, 537, 596

naval agents, 353, 354n

could be combined with War Department, 409

high cost of, 422-3

need for a limited, 489-90

TJ's views of, 506, 509n

method for making, using chain shot, 533, 534n

S. Smith potential secretary of, 537, 583

Politics

spirit of moderation returning, 111, 126-7

depth, acrimony of partisan splits, 122, 126-7, 141, 581

situation likened to state of disease, 511

Public Finance

$3.5 million loan, 30, 31n, 115, 154

interest rates, tax increases decried, 33

military expenditures as political issue, 68, 96, 126

Pierce's certificates, 77-80, 90n

burden on working citizens, 126

funding system a "curse," 172-3, 339, 467

post roads bill wasteful, 323, 337

Republicans oppose loans, increased taxes, military expenditures, 371

apportionment of taxes, 381, 382n

power of the purse as check on executive measures, 381

withholding of appropriations to reduce diplomatic relations, 383n

surplus funds, 385

burden of a navy, 422-3

expenditures needed for domestic wants, 423-4

opposition to liquor excise, 561

See also Direct Tax (1798); taxes

Public Opinion

delusion of the people, 18, 97, 167-8, 198, 199, 227, 581

turning against Federalists, for Republicans, 18, 48-9, 91, 95-7, 103, 167-8, 239, 581-2

impropriety of pensions as reward for service to nation, 110

importance of "spirit of freedom," 126

people only need information to find the correct course, 257, 422

people will be enraged by subversion of presidential election process, 401n

averse to war, 438

public displeased with Senate, 438

and XYZ affair, 492

Senate

responds to president's address opening session, vii, 248-9, 250

and TJ's parliamentary manual, xxxv-xxxvi, 323n, 405, 600

proceedings against Duane, 217n

Md. seat, 225-6

near majority of Republicans expected, 227

presidents pro tem, 249n

May 1797 address to Adams, 253n

committees, 259n, 351-2, 539-40n

resignations, 264

and executive appointments, 296n, 324n, 327n, 351-2, 495n, 536, 570n

potential succession of president pro tem to presidency of U.S., 307, 322, 375, 441, 484, 485, 487, 488n

resolution of secrecy, 322, 323n, 324, 330, 601

TJ breaks tie votes, 323n, 477, 535-6

case of W. S. Smith, 351-2

and Ross election bill, 379n

TJ contemplates changes to, 381

secretary of, and rumors of presidential succession, 403

possible prolongation of session, 404n

and potential power to name an acting president of U.S., 404n

TJ does not withdraw to allow selection of president pro tem, 404n

procedures regarding treaties, 405, 504, 599-600, 601

Republicans hope for gains in, 422

Blount's impeachment trial, 426n

and Jay Treaty, 426n

public opinion against, 438

and interim executive appointments, 439

and relief of S. Lewis, 463, 602

petitioned, 529-33

opening of electoral votes, 567-8, 578, 599, 603

and nomination of L. H. Stockton, 567n

will be delayed in advising on TJ's nominations, 572, 594

as committee of the whole, 599, 601

provides space for Supreme Court, 599, 602

bills and motions, 599-603

doorkeeper, 601

stoves for Senate chamber, 601

considers opening galleries, 603

See also Convention of 1800

Society

lack of interest in literature, 93

good education unappreciated, 95

observations of foreign travelers, 121-2

proposed national university, 141, 143-4n

interplay of union, diversity, 144n

universal education advocated, 173, 339

histories, 178

population increase on frontier, 423

Treasury

employees, 45, 262n, 482, 499

treasurer's position, 139-40

and political patronage, 215, 308, 309n, 347-9, 366n, 434, 457n

supervisor of revenue for Pa., 308, 309n, 348, 434

secretaryship offered to Gallatin, 322, 323n, 409

auditor's office, 367n

continental loan offices, 374

influence on foreign policy, 424, 425

controlled by New England interests, 425

fire in offices of, 435-6, 548

General Stamp Office, 477, 536

Register's Office, 482, 499

surveyor of revenue at Philadelphia, 541, 544n

Dexter named secretary, 567n

revenue officers in Ky., 569, 570n

customs collectorships, 575-7

Universal Gazette (Philadelphia)

S. H. Smith publishes, 31-2n

and rumors of TJ's death, 42n

prints XYZ addresses, responses, 196-202

Urania (Muse), 487

Urquijo, Mariano Luis de, 396-7

Ustick, Stephen Clegg, 447n

 
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