Volume 32 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

S

saffron, 152

St. Clair, Arthur, 7, 97, 308

Saint-Domingue, W.I.

émigrés from, 157, 320n, 331n

relations with France, 356-7

and strategic location of Puerto Rico, 453

Ste. Genevieve, 394n

Saint Étienne, Jean Paul Rabaut

Impartial History, 343-5, 415

Saint Hugues, Mother Marie Agnès de. See Chevalier, Marie Françoise

St. Julien, Joseph Guyard, Count, 102n, 188

St. Marks, Fla., 51, 52n

Saint Marys River, 548

St. Mary's Seminary (Baltimore), 395n

Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de, xxxvii-xxxviii

St. Petersburg, Russia, 3-4, 40, 222-4, 294

St. Thomas, W.I., 456

Salem, Mass., 141

Sallust

works of, 177

Sally (b. 1792, TJ's slave), 164

Sally (sloop), 115n

salt springs, 150

Sandeman, Robert, 387n

Savannah, Ga., 34n, 232n, 498n

Savery, Thomas, 9, 11n, 121

Sayre, Samuel William, 457, 590, 591n

Sayre, Stephen

letter to, 590-1

letter from, 452-7

recommended for federal office, 433-4

proposes himself as minister for international congress, 452-7, 590-1

acquaintance with TJ, 457n

letter from cited, 457n

TJ's correspondence with, 591n

Scatcherd, James, 376

Schaeffer, Bernard, 577n

School of Wisdom: or, American Monitor (Mathew Carey), 319, 447

Schuylkill River, xxxvii, 206

sciences

in college curricula, 143

government role in collecting, disseminating information, 156, 321

books on, 178, 180

TJ's election a victory for science, 313, 315, 481n

reasoned inquiry under siege by despotism, bigotry, 444, 481n

Scilla. See Gillette, Priscilla

Scioto River, 245

Scobell, Henry

Memorials, 22, 28n, 283

Scotland

Scots in America, 3n, 232n, 411n

Sinclair in, 13

medical training in, 19n

language, speech, 50

Ariana Randolph in, 64n

Scots as U.S. consuls, 174

histories, 176

universities, 210n, 411n, 510n

strong unity of Caledonians, 333

income tax revenues, 379

Church of, 387n

"Scots Correspondent" (Callender pseudonym), 234n, 255n

Scott, Charles

letter from cited, 452n

Scott, Gustavus, 377

Scott, William, Lord Stowell, 223n

Scourge of Aristocracy, and Repository of Important Political Truths, 262n

Scull, John, 486, 488n

Sedgwick, Theodore, 386n, 419n, 504

Sedition Act (1798)

opposition to, 33, 515, 522

prosecutions under, 49-50, 117n, 129n, 210n, 213n, 439n, 442

constrains discussion, 224

bill to continue act in force, 418, 419n, 504, 597n

See also Callender, James Thomson

seeds

of muskmelon, xxxvii, 206, 207, 266, 306

from Cummings, 45

of Peruvian winter grass, 49, 128

succory, 49

for wheat, 108, 165-6

sent by post, 128

of varieties of squash, 275, 278

clover, 440-1, 517

cabbage, 471

Selden, Joseph, 131n, 175n

Selection of the Patriotic Addresses, to the President of the United States, 196-202

Seminole Indians, 51-2

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus

Philosophi opera, 179

Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales, 502, 503n

"Senex" (Beckley pseudonym), 135n

Seney, Joshua, 365, 366n

serfs, 155-6

Sergeant, Elizabeth Rittenhouse (Mrs. Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant), 589

Sergeant, Jonathan Dickinson, 589n

Serious Considerations on the Election of a President (William Linn), 134-6, 168, 249

Sermons (William Enfield), 179

Sermons of Mr. Yorick (Laurence Sterne), 179

servants, 260, 271

Several Essays in Political Arithmetick (Sir William Petty), 179

Several Methods by Which Meridional Lines May be Found with Ease and Accuracy (Andrew Ellicott), 547-8, 549n, 589

sewers

design of street drains for, 230-1, 232n

Seybert, Adam, 19n

Shadwell (TJ's estate)

lease of fields at, 108, 109n, 116, 470n, 473n

mill at, 116

ford at, 163

excavation of mill canal, 500, 517, 559

Shakespeare, William

in M. Carey's reader, 319n

Romeo and Juliet, 370, 371n

Sharon, Conn., 58-9, 98

Shawangunk, N.Y., 289, 407, 544

Sheaff, Henry

sells wine to TJ, 171, 406n

letters to, from cited, 171n

sheep

books on raising of, 147, 157, 158n, 159n

breeds, improvements in Europe, 147-50

potential for, in Va., 148-9, 152

Monticello well suited for, 149

require turnips, 441

Shelby, Isaac, 451

Shenandoah River, 551n

Shepherd (b. 1782, TJ's slave), 417, 528

Sheppard, Mosby, 138n

Sherburne, John S., 348, 349n

Sheridan, Thomas

Course of Lectures, 180

Sherman, Mershon & Thomas (Trenton, N.J.), 135n

sherry, 115n

Shockoe warehouse, 471, 472

Shoemaker, Mr., 471

Shore, John, 489

Short, Peyton

letter from, 35

and brother's business affairs, 35, 72-3, 78, 80-1, 154, 461n

correspondence with W. Short, 35, 71, 89, 89n, 90n, 157, 158n, 296

inherited slaves, 81

promotes tenant farming, 83, 150-1

letter from cited, 461n

recommends Wilkins, 461n

Short, William

letters from, 71-90, 147-60, 291-7

invests in $3.5 million loan, 30, 31n, 115

and brother, 35, 71-3, 78, 80-1, 83, 89, 89n, 90n, 150-1, 154, 157, 158n, 296

business affairs, 35, 57, 71-90, 92-3, 128n, 147-60, 240, 245, 496, 498-9, 501, 565, 568

anticipates marriage, 72, 89n

and Madame de La Rochefoucauld, 72, 89n, 154, 331n

sisters of, 72, 80-1

may visit U.S., 73-4, 81, 85, 88, 89, 153-4, 158, 295

salary due to, 74-6, 154-5, 251, 261, 295, 373-4, 402

U.S. securities, 77-80, 85-6, 115, 154

on slavery, emancipation, 78, 80-1, 82, 84, 88, 155-6, 295

service in Spain, 80, 373

western lands, 80, 150-1

family's former plantations, 80-1, 90n

canal shares of, 82, 154, 258, 359, 398, 401-2, 416, 427, 464, 473-4, 496n

tenants, 82-3, 84, 87-8, 151-2

Va. lands, 82-5, 87-8, 90n, 128n, 151

TJ's debt to, 86-7, 90n, 156-7

forwards letters, 88

letters voluminous, difficult, 88, 156, 157, 295

uninformed about American politics, 88

epistolary record, 89n, 90n, 296n

and Patricots, 157, 158n, 505

and Delamotte, 183, 184

on U.S. relations with neutral powers, 291-7

reported to be healthy, happy, 326, 327

accounts to be kept separate from TJ's, 402

known to Lafayette, 430

"Short Description of the Capitol" (Thomas Jefferson), 335n

Siberia, 407

Sicily

U.S. trade with, 173, 339-40, 341n

merchants, 587

See also Naples

Sidney, Algernon

Discourses Concerning Government, 179

Siéyès, Emmanuel Joseph, Abbé, 428

Sigaud de la Fond, Joseph Aignan

translator of Musschenbroek, 180

silk, 585n

Simkins, Arthur, 265

Simon (Duke's slave), 413

Simpson, George, 115

Sinclair, Sir John

letter from, 13-14

Letters from His Excellency George Washington, 13-14

urges establishment of board of agriculture, 13-14, 560, 596, 597n

Sixtus V, Pope, 566, 567n

Sketches of the Principles of Government (Nathaniel Chipman), 179

Sketch of the Finances of the United States (Albert Gallatin), 219, 220n

Skipwith, Anne Wayles (Mrs. Henry Skipwith, TJ's sister-in-law), 99n

Skipwith, Fulwar

and Short, 89, 147

reports news, 143n, 191, 244, 248, 250, 252

shunned by envoys, 186

and Paine, 189

remains in France, 193

seeks, obtains new consular appointment, 291-2, 296n, 297n

Skipwith, Henry (TJ's brother-in-law)

and Short's business affairs, 35, 72-3, 76-82, 89n, 154, 461n

and Wayles estate, 99n

slavery

inaction of Va. legislature on subject of, 82

and tenancy, 82-3

tasks for women, children, 87

Va. prohibition on importation of slaves, 123, 125n

emancipation, colonization schemes, 145n, 155-6, 159n

compared to European serfdom, 155-6

and world opinion, 160

slave trade, 266n

Wythe compares himself to a slave, 281

allusion to Russians as slaves, 340

associated with colonialism, sugar production, 423

contrary to justice, good policy, humaneness, 423

duty on importation of slaves, 424

Va. restricts slaves, free blacks after Gabriel's conspiracy, 482

of Galatians, in Bible, 521

See also abolition

slaves

as property of estates, 40n

of P. L. Grymes, 64n

sold by Short, 78, 80-1

families broken up, 80-1, 156

as capital investment, 84

preparation for self-reliance, 84

boys work in nailery, 87, 341, 417-18, 499-500, 517

housing of, 108, 165, 500

leased along with land, 108, 109n, 116, 163-6

treatment of, 108, 136-7, 138n, 165, 499-500, 528

in District of Columbia, 115n

as taxable property, 128n, 164

trials, executions of, 131, 137, 138n, 144-5, 160, 161, 174-6, 212, 236, 482n

Gabriel's insurrection, 131-2, 136-7, 138n, 144-5, 160, 161, 168, 174-6, 212, 236, 295, 311, 389, 482

women involved in Va. insurrection, 137, 138n

mariners, 138n

as skilled workers, 138n, 145n, 417-18

laws for deportation of convicted, 145, 160, 482n

hiring of, 145n, 341-2, 347, 390, 413-14, 417-18, 440, 441n, 474n, 475, 482n, 488-9, 499, 559, 598

on James R. plantations, 152

role in agricultural economics, 153

freed by Washington, 155, 159n

rights of, following insurrection, 160

Richmond fire blamed on, 174

refuse to work, 175

religion, 175-6, 236

ongoing threat of insurrections by, 248

fell trees, clear land, 390-1, 417-18, 475, 488-9, 499-500, 516-17

legal counsel assigned to Gabriel, 421n

prohibited from hiring out own labor, 482n

work as carpenters, 499

older slaves work in garden, 517

TJ believes hard labor improves character of, 517

Sloan, James

letter from, 520-4

denounces Federalists, 520-4

letter from quoted, 523-4n

identified, 523n

Sloan, James, Jr., 523

smallpox

British advances against, 207, 264n

vaccination, 264-5, 269n, 355, 510n

Smith, Adam

Wealth of Nations, 180

Smith, Caleb, 135n

Smith, Cotton Mather, 58-9, 98-9

Smith, Daniel

letter to, 134

letter from, 44

provides Chickasaw vocabulary, 44, 134

as presidential elector, 306

Smith, Hugh, 269n

Smith, Isaac, 236-7

Smith, James Edward, 54, 55n, 312, 321

Smith, John Blair, 168n

Smith, Margaret Bayard

marries S. H. Smith, 32n

meets TJ, 337n

befriends Mde. Pichon, 431-2n

Smith, Martha Dickinson, 135n

Smith, Samuel (Md.)

letter to, 227-8

letters from, 208, 350-1

aids Yznardi, 208, 227-8, 396

conveys gossip, intelligence, 208

reports bank note circulation, 350-1

and d'Ambrugeac, 356

Herty seeks aid from, 366

TJ writes to about France, Britain, 384n

meets with Burr, 399-400

in Congress, 419n

merchant, 498

potential secretary of navy, 537, 583

approached by Bayard, 583

Smith, Samuel (N.J.)

History of the Colony, 178

Smith, Samuel Harrison

letters to, 31-2, 337, 405

and APS, 19n, 31-2

identified, 31-2n

Remarks on Education, 31n

National Intelligencer, 32n

refutes rumor of TJ's death, 42n

prints pamphlets, 191n, 192n, 204n

prints XYZ addresses, responses, 196-202

Madison's subscription with, 329

prints Manual of Parliamentary Practice, 337, 405, 600

letter from cited, 337n

Smith, Thomas Peters, 8, 11n

Smith, William (1728-1793)

History of the Province, 178

Smith, William Stephens

refutes charges, 351-2

letters from quoted, 351-2n

Smith & Buchanan (Baltimore), 498

Smyth, Sir Robert, 190

Snelson, Robert, 469, 558

snuff, 210n, 602

Society, Instituted in the State of New-York, for the Promotion of Agriculture, Arts, and Manufactures, 8, 10-11n, 120, 121, 597

Solomon, 206

Solon, 344, 345

Some Thoughts on the Conduct of the Understanding in the Search of Truth (John Locke), 179

Sonnini de Manoncourt, Charles Nicholas Sigisbert

Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt, 112, 168

Sophia (ship), 491

South Carolina

and election of 1800, vii, 91, 146, 214-17, 239n, 250, 253, 256-8, 263, 267-8, 271, 279-80, 289, 290-1, 300, 301, 309, 318, 322, 332-3, 336n

Baptists in, 54n

olives, 123-4, 125n

rice, 123-4, 125n, 208n

disease in, 124

Agricultural Society, 125n

uncertain political course of, 146, 170, 250

history of, 178

addresses on XYZ affair, 197

Alston family, 208-9

legislature, 208-9, 214, 216, 217n, 256-7, 265, 268, 279-81, 290, 413, 505

attorneys, 208-9n, 348

party divisions, 214-17

election irregularities alleged, 215-16, 257-8, 267-8, 279

plant nurseries, 232n

and C. C. Pinckney candidacy, 239n, 267, 271, 280, 281n, 505-6

Republican election activities in, 257-8, 265-6, 266-8, 279-81, 290-1, 300, 301, 306, 318, 329, 506

chooses electors, 257-8n, 265-6, 349n

printers, 266n

slave trade, 266n

U.S. Senate seat, 267, 268, 279-80, 281n

TJ warned about entreaties from, 268, 333, 413

former residence of V. du Pont, 313, 315

courts and judges, 348, 349n

evaluation of Republican candidates, 348

treasury, 348, 349n

electoral votes received in Washington, 367n

residents of, mentioned, 400

Colhoun not expected in U.S. Senate by 4 Mch., 572

southern states

and presidential election, vii, 91, 116, 129, 146

legislatures will not act against slavery, 155, 295

and Spanish language, 296

Spain

and W. A. Bowles, 51, 52n

U.S.-West Florida boundary, 55n, 224, 448, 480, 548, 549n

Americans in, 80, 162, 543

relations with papacy, 88, 90n

relations with France, 90n, 182, 184, 396

sheep, wool production, 148-9, 158-9n

economic conditions, 149

produces saffron, 152

U.S. relations with, 162, 373, 396-7, 424

history of, 177

wines of, 208, 227-8

colonization, overseas possessions, 231, 233n, 262, 453, 454

pension to Poor Clare nuns, 394n

Spanish language, 50, 295-6, 297n

specie

coins, 17, 405, 406n

specified for contract payment, 164

Species Plantarum (Carolus Linnaeus), 178

Spectator (London), 488n

Spectator (New York), 235n

Speeches of Charles Pinckney, Esq. in Congress, 214, 217n, 242

Speers, Moses, 367n

Sperry, Jacob, 577n

Sperry, Margareth Muhlenberg, 577n

Spirit of Despotism (Vicesimus Knox), 447

Spotsylvania Co., Va., 3n, 233

Springer's Weekly Oracle (New London, Conn.), 230n

squash, 275, 278

Squire (1727-1810, TJ's slave), 164

Stafford Co., Va., 460n

stagecoaches, 16n, 320, 415

Stamp Act (1797)

TJ's transactions affected by, 106, 171

Stanard, Larkin, 233, 234n

Stanislas II Augustus, King of Poland, 4n, 40n, 68, 368, 478

Staunton, George Leonard, 35, 37n

Staunton, Va.

attorneys, 38-9n

sales of TJ's nails in, 169

steam power, 8-13, 120-1, 230, 302, 304n

Steele, John (comptroller of treasury), 115, 329

Stepney (Duke's slave), 413

Sterne, Laurence

Sermons, 179

Stevenson (Stephenson), Thomas, 562-3

Stewart, Dugald

Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, 179

Stiles, Ezra, 233n

Stith, William, 141

History, 178

Stockdale, John

publishes Notes on Virginia, 334

Stockholm, 455

Stockton, John, 442

Stockton, Lucius Horatio, 566, 567n

Stoddert, Benjamin, 481

stone, 72

Stonington, Conn., 203-4n

Storrs, Gervas, 131n

straw, 164, 166

Strickland, Sir George, 288n, 443

Strickland, William, 287, 288n, 443-4

Strode, John, 272

Strong, Caleb, 534

Stuart (Stewart), Archibald

letter to, 580-1

and TJ's business affairs, 169n

TJ reports progress of House balloting to, 579n, 580-1

Stuart, Gilbert

portrait of Burr, xxxvii

teaches artists, 452n

Stuart (Stewart), James, 482, 499

Stuart (Stewart), John

letter to, 591

elected to APS, 589, 591

sends megalonyx fossils, information, 591

Stuart, Lord William, 587

submarines, 143, 144n

succory, 49

Suckey (b. 1796, TJ's slave), 164

Suetonius Tranquillus, Gaius, 177

suffrage

state voting requirements, 52-3, 102-3

broad, reduces political corruption, 102

sugar

associated with excesses of colonialism, slavery, 423

for Monticello, 471

duties on, 575, 602

refining, 575, 576n

Sullivan, Gen. John, 352n

Sullivan, William, 353-4n

Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, Duc de

Mémoires, 177

Summary, Historical and Political, of the First Planting, Progressive Improvements, and Present State of the British Settlements in North-America (William Douglass), 178

Summary View of the Rights of British America, 124

Sumter, Thomas, 258n, 348, 349n, 420

Sumter, Thomas, Jr., 348

sun

declination of, 548, 549n

Sunbury, Pa., 201

Sun of Liberty (Danbury, Norwalk, and New Haven, Conn.), 32-4, 386, 387n, 446

Sur la Fabrication et le Cuvage des Vins (Baron Jumilhac), 157, 159n

Surry Co., Va., 81, 90n

surveying

manuals, 180, 547-8, 549n, 589

Sutton, Daniel, 207

Swaine, John, 334

Swan, James

letter from, 354

seeks appointment as consul general, 325, 327, 354

business activities, 353n

financial agent of French government, 354

letters to, from cited, 354n

Sweden

Kosciuszko, Niemcewicz pass through, 69

joins armed neutrality, 192n, 222-4, 296-7n

and 1780 league of armed neutrality, 453, 455-6

Britain imposes embargo, prepares for military action, 587, 588n

W. Indies possessions, 588n

Swift, Zephaniah, 193, 194n

Switzerland

citizens of, in U.S., 161n

watchmaking, 320n

revolutionary activity in, 529, 531

émigrés to U.S. from Pays de Vaud, 529-33

Diodati's ties to, 583-5

Protestant community, 585n

See also Geneva

Sydenham, Thomas, 207

Sykes, James, Jr., 443n

Symmes, John Cleves, 603

Systema Naturae (Carolus Linnaeus), 178

System of Surgery (Benjamin Bell, abridged by Nicholas B. Waters), 178

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z