Volume 32 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

J

Jackson, David

letter to, 415-16

financial transactions, 405n, 415-16

identified, 415-16n

letter from cited, 416n

letter from quoted, 416n

Jackson, James

in U.S. Senate, 572

Jackson, William

letter from, 541-4

wishes TJ's consideration, 541-4

relationship with Washington, 542-4

Jackson, William (Philadelphia), 573, 574n

Jackson & Wharton (Philadelphia)

give TJ's tobacco poor rating, 516, 545-7, 549, 572-3

Jamaica, 495

James. See Gillette, James; Hern, James

James (b. 1795, Jamy, TJ's slave), 164

James (Hoomes's servant), 515-16, 540

James River

transport on, 14, 20, 29, 37, 47, 61, 92, 172, 546, 549, 573

high cost of lands along, 84, 152

James River Company

prospects, operations of, 82

Short's shares in, 82, 154, 258, 359, 398, 401-2, 416, 427, 464, 496n

academy supported by Washington's shares of, 359-60, 398

Jamy. See Hemings, James (b. 1787, Jamy, TJ's slave); James (b. 1795, Jamy, TJ's slave)

Jarvis, Charles, 348, 349n, 352

Jaudenes, Josef de, 76

Jay, John

Federalist papers, 179

governor of N.Y., 304n

declines chief justiceship, 322, 324n

and Federalist maneuvers to control presidential succession, 358, 375

Jay Treaty

as ongoing political issue, 91n, 218n

grants privileges to Britain, 159n, 170, 235n, 437-8, 539-40

and U.S. relations with France, 159n, 170, 173, 186, 235n, 410n, 437-8, 539-40

opposition to, 349n, 422, 424

appropriations for, 381n, 576, 577n

and U.S. claims, 424

Hamilton's "Camillus" essays, 426n

ratification of, 426n

Jebb, John, 206

Jefferson, Elizabeth (TJ's sister), 98-9

Jefferson, George

letters to, 14-15, 46-7, 58, 127-8, 139, 172, 235, 244-5, 245, 261, 401-2, 473-4, 534-5, 549-50

letters from, 15, 20, 29, 37-8, 55, 61, 92-3, 130, 161, 239-41, 241, 250-1, 251, 258, 297-8, 416, 427, 450, 498-9, 516, 557-8, 568

handles TJ's business affairs in Richmond, 14-15, 46-7, 58, 127-8, 130, 139, 161, 172, 235, 241, 413-14, 416

letters to cited, 15n

handles shipments for TJ, 20, 29, 30, 37-8, 46-7, 55, 57-8, 61, 127-8, 130, 517

collects payments, handles transactions for Short, 81-2, 92-3, 251, 258, 498-9, 568

TJ's account with, 127-8, 427, 450

miscellaneous errands, services, 161, 472n

and payments to Callender, 235, 238, 239-41, 244-5, 450, 470

and sale of TJ's tobacco, 235, 245, 250-1, 261, 297-8, 402, 450, 516, 549-50

confidential correspondence with TJ, 240

may visit Monticello, 240, 245

and loan to J. Lyon, 305, 450, 472

relationship to TJ, 305

and Short's canal stock, 401-2, 416, 427, 473-4

and TJ's Wayles estate debts, 402

brother of, 477n, 534

T. M. Randolph indebted to, 499, 534-5, 557-8

See also Gibson & Jefferson

Jefferson, George, & Co., 472n

Jefferson, in Imitation of Virgil's Pollio (Hugh Henry Brackenridge), 487-8

Jefferson, Jane Randolph (Mrs. Peter Jefferson, TJ's mother), 107

Jefferson, John Garland

letter to, 535-6

letter from, 476-7

wishes to buy land, 476-7, 535

reports criticism of TJ vote in Senate, 477, 535-6

brother of G. Jefferson, 477n, 534

Jefferson, Martha (Patty) Wayles Skelton (Mrs. Thomas Jefferson), 99n, 124, 235

Jefferson, Peter (TJ's father), 124, 546

Jefferson, Thomas

Agriculture

elected to N.Y. society, 8, 11n, 120

moldboard plow, 8

wheat harvest, 39

receives Peruvian winter grass, 49, 128

and sowing of succory, 49

viewed as a farmer, 66-7

supplants corn, tobacco with wheat, 108, 164-5

crop rotation plans, 108-10, 164-6

theorem of agricultural economics, 121-2

helps introduce olives, heavy upland rice to U.S., 123-4, 125n

acquires book on sheep raising, 159n

threshing machines, 495n

sees impediments to national board or society, 560, 596-7

See also corn; seeds; tobacco

Architecture

relationship of city design, health, 18

dislikes wooden buildings, 72

and pisé construction, 72

advises P. N. Nicholas, 94

designs buildings for Va., 123, 220, 335

Business and Financial Affairs

buys horses, 14, 43, 47n, 400-1, 489, 504, 515-16

draws up statements of account, 59-60, 169, 470-3

uses Short's funds, 86-7, 90n, 156-7

acts as executor of estates, 98-9

obtains fire insurance, 104-7

affected by 1797 Stamp Act, 106, 171

debt to Henderson, McCaul & Co., 107, 388, 402, 416, 458-9

leases out his land, slaves, 108-10, 116, 163-6, 390-1, 417-18, 470n, 473n, 475, 488-9, 499-500, 516-17

gives emphasis to nailery, flour mill, 116

pays taxes, 127-8, 139

orders ointment for Monticello, 161, 172, 406n, 472

need for ready money, 169, 499

arranges to sell crops, 209

offers credit, 209, 245

offered wine as gift, 227

Madison's newspaper subscriptions, 261, 329-30, 358

pressed by affairs before leaving for Washington, 261, 300

strategy for sales in rising, falling markets, 261

pays servant, 271n

account with D. Ross arbitrated, 300-1, 412

contributes to charities, 317-18, 406n

powers of attorney, 401, 402n

obtains coins, 405, 406n

buys Henderson property, 469-70, 558-9

surveys property lines, 469-70

covers obligation for T. M. Randolph, 499, 534-5, 557-8

averse to selling land, 535

See also Barnes, John; Conrad & McMunn (Washington); Gibson & Jefferson; Jefferson, George; Monticello; Richardson, Richard; Shadwell (TJ's estate); Short, William; Tufton (TJ's estate); Van Staphorst & Hubbard

Character and Image

called dishonest, pro-French, anti-American, 32

called "people's friend," 34

decried as aristocrat, 53

accused of fraud, 58-9, 98-9

praised as philosopher, man of letters, 113, 269, 344, 345, 361, 481n, 486, 524

will accept no gifts while in public office, 227

praised as greatest man in America, 312, 314

"irreproachable" moral character, 486

as "the Friend to Liberty," 524

Federalists' respect for Washington will transfer to TJ, 542-3

Correspondence

polygraph, xxxv

and interception of mail, xxxvi, 17, 214, 216, 243, 304, 307, 321-2, 333, 375, 376, 533, 537

uses caution, disguise in writing, sending letters, xxxvi, 243, 304, 307, 375, 537, 538, 594

misses post days, 30

Short savors his letters, 88

wants letters kept from newspapers, 99, 103

use of franking privilege, 128

confidential correspondence with G. Jefferson, 240

activities at Monticello keep him from writing, 299, 301, 318, 321

not a punctual correspondent, 449

urges Gerry to burn letter, 494, 495n

"Mazzei letter," 506

letter from anonymous Federalist, 506-9

daughter Mary treasures his letters, 537

Educational Theories

seeks to create new Va. university, xxxix, 30, 95, 114n

and instilling political principles in students, 103, 398-9

Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge, 124, 125n

acknowledges Du Pont's treatise, 299

reasoned inquiry besieged by despotism, bigotry, 444

recommends Tacitus for schoolchildren, 447

his grandchildren's abilities, 556

Governor of Virginia

British attempt to capture, 452n

relations with county lieutenants, 564

Health

enjoys good health, vii, 57, 65, 421, 510

rumors of his death, vii, 41-3, 44-5, 48, 57-8, 65, 66-7, 111, 273, 276-7

decline of, 273, 276

advice to daughter, 556

and evening excursions, 591

Law

as law student, xxxvi

role in revisal of Va. laws, 122-5, 131n

punishment of slave rebels, 160

affairs of L. L. Paradise, 238-9, 525-6

subscribes to Herty's Digest, 364-6

desires E. Randolph's abridgment of laws, 471, 472n

plans to attend county court, 475

mentor to law students, 561

Library

books obtained for, 71-2, 89, 101-2, 147, 157, 159n, 255, 264, 343-5, 376, 406n, 415, 471, 472n, 503n

subscribes to magazines, 140

sources for books in France, 147, 158

prepares course of reading, 176-81

cost of books in Europe, 180

poetry, 180

travel accounts, 180

assesses Robertson's History of America, 233n

catalogue of books, 259

begins relationship with Dufief, 343-5

assembles portable library, 376

daily newspapers too bulky to archive, 376

books borrowed from, 561

Minister to France

contact with Paine, 190

meets various people, 232n, 273, 276, 384, 457n

sees Mazzei, 273, 276

purchases linens, 394n

has enduring reputation in France, 447

knows Diodati, 583-5

Nailery

loss of nailrod at sea, 38, 46, 161, 470

nailrod and iron stock for, 46, 92, 171-2, 406n, 471, 472, 473n, 517

management of work force at, 47, 341

Madison orders nails from, 59-61, 99-100, 116-17, 146

sizes, types of nails, 60, 99-100, 116n, 528

labor requirements, productivity of, 87, 500

uses Short's funds to buy nailrod, 87, 90n

importance of, 116

nailrod purchases require ready money, 169

sales by McDowell at Staunton ceased, 169, 254

sales at Charlottesville, 254

slave boys work in, 341, 499-500

new nailery to be built, 347, 499

workers of, set to clearing land, 390-1, 417-18, 475, 488-9, 499-500, 516-17, 528

nailrod, output of nailery accounted for, 391

miscellaneous sales of nails, 401, 473n

treatment of workers, 499-500

Higginbotham's order, 528

See also Powell, Mr.

Opinions

on Bonaparte, Brumaire coup, xxxviii

on candidacy for president, 15-16

on cities, 18, 68, 167, 204-5

on natural law and relations among nations, 18

British government worse than its people, 95

ill effects of Federalists' governance, 95

dislikes speculative enterprise, 96

opposes standing armies, 96

newspapers "a bear-garden scene," 99, 103

on observations of European travelers, 121-2

on political corruption of judiciary, 122

on inheritance, entail, 123, 125n, 506

fine arts v. practical arts, 167

on honoring great Americans, 167

most evils result in some good, 167

on age, adaptation to change, 171

2d session of Sixth Congress "last act of the federal tragedy," 243

"maniac proceedings" of U.S. toward France, 250

about Adams, 253n

on Constitution, religion, 254-5

Du Pont associates him with meritocracy, 313, 314

decries post roads bill as wasteful, subject to abuse, 323, 337

compares unsettled political situation to March weather, 400-1n

on climate, health, 443, 448, 537

his time "belongs to the public," 444

finds Washington a hostile environment, 475, 556-7, 593

prefers children's follies to "wisdom of the wise," 475

on duration and repeal of laws, 506

on navy and commerce, 506, 509n

always willing to explain his actions on public issues, 536

ambition secondary to his devotion to family, 557, 593

on Va. custom of extended visits, 557

desirability of overseas commerce, 590

Personal Affairs

in New York, 1790-91, xxxvi, 446

collects, appreciates the arts, xxxvii, 316

friendship with Rush, xxxvii, 112

ships trunk home from Philadelphia, 17

tunes piano, 39

trustee of Ariana Randolph, 63-4, 117-19

prepares for residence in Washington, 65, 66, 115n, 171, 242, 248, 255-6, 333, 335, 406n

receives Indian statues, 119, 120n, 265

father was first language teacher, 124

interest in history, historical records, 141, 220-1

life in Washington, 171, 260, 271, 347

orders wine, 171, 228n, 406n, 498, 517, 559

strangers ask for money, 247-8

barbering, 260

hosts dinners, 260n

handkerchiefs, 271, 406n, 465n

translates French, 299

relationship to G. Jefferson, 305

buys Trumbull prints, 316

buys watches, has watches repaired, 320, 405, 406n, 419-20, 497, 560-1

reads Greek, 345n

effects of political life on family, 364, 391-2, 527, 556-7, 593

buys penknife, 406n

asked to subscribe to Barralet's "Apotheosis," 420n

made executor of L. Littlepage's will, 478

stockings, 501

daughter asks him to manage money received from J. W. Eppes, 538

"candle of life" burning lower, 557

declines social invitations, 591

Political Theories

commitment to liberty, equal rights, 16, 95, 126

on perversion of Constitution, 16, 95-7

suffrage requirements, 52-3, 102-3

on federal expenditures, 68, 96, 126, 323, 337, 467, 506-7

explains his fundamental principles, 95-6, 102-3, 467

importance of states' powers, 95-6

on entangling foreign alliances, American isolation, 96, 590

government should not manage commerce, 96

national government should be limited, 96, 337

importance of impartial judiciary, 122

executive branch monarchical, legislative branch republican, 126

on Federalists, Federalist policies, 126, 321

importance of expansion to unoccupied lands, 126

natural political state is harmonious, 126-7

party differences affect communication of science, learning, 141

recommends books on, 179-80

believes spirit of 1776 lives, 227

need reformation of state legislatures, 227

president's power must be limited, 227

likens the republic to a ship, 301, 302, 306, 540, 595

republican nature of U.S. must be restored, 302-3, 593

regrets lack of system to avoid electoral tie, 306-7, 318, 330, 518

scorns caucuses, 322

collects information on bank note circulation, 350-1

D.C. territorial bill disregards rights of man, 358

dreads lasting effects of Judiciary Act appointments, 358, 385

studies British income tax, 377-9

on need for a declaration of rights, 381

and the Constitution, 381-2, 572

drafts bill to assert American neutrality, 382-4

electoral process must not be "smothered" by holders of federal patronage, 538-9

federal system more complex politically, structurally than a single state, 539

two-party division of Federalists, Republicans will recede, 588-9

powers of Congress, 596

Politics

optimistic for Republican cause, vii-viii, 95

relationship with Burr, viii, xxxvi, 91, 347, 391, 528-9, 577

distributes copies of Appendix to the Notes on Virginia, 8, 11n, 93, 518, 581

supporters want him as president, 10, 15-16, 33-4, 58-9, 126-7, 203, 210-11

toasted, 16n, 60

supporters' expectations, 34, 172-3, 181-3, 191, 195, 339, 356, 357, 371, 387

aids subscription for Holt's fine, 50n, 114, 117n, 129n, 406n

slander, mudslinging in presidential election, 53, 58-9, 98-9, 134-6, 168, 528-9

subscribes to newspapers, 60n, 376

views public misunderstanding as temporary paroxysm, fever, 95, 126-7

Callender sends pages of Prospect Before Us, 100, 129-30, 174, 211-12, 233, 236, 254, 414

advises more rapid distribution of Aurora, 104

gathers gossip, intelligence, 111, 196-202, 352-4, 583

accused of antifederalism, 116

appraises his own accomplishments, 122-5

publication of his views on inheritance, entail, 123, 125n, 506

biographical details published, 124, 125n

1796 electoral vote, 124, 435n

gratified by support, 126

passive role in election, 126

accused of threatening Constitution, 135

does not want opinions quoted, 160

receives publications from Madison, 185

arranges printing of Paine's Compact Maritime, 189, 191n, 578-9

notes on Adams's replies to XYZ addresses, 196-202

supplies material to Aurora, 202n

receives C. Pinckney's Speeches, 214, 217n

aids Callender, 235, 238, 239-41, 244-5, 254, 450, 470

Fitzhugh statement, Duvall defense, 253

with other Republicans at Conrad & McMunn's, 255, 392n

seeks Hamilton's Letter, 255, 256n, 263

support for J. Lyon, 262n, 305, 450, 471, 472

assesses Federalist strength in House, 263, 300, 306-7, 347, 358, 385, 391

tallies probable electoral voting, 263, 271, 300, 306, 322, 324, 336, 347

learns S.C. electoral vote results, 265-6, 268, 300, 301

confers with C. Pinckney, 280

presumed to have influence with Adams, 291-2, 377

apprehensive of consequences of electoral tie, 300, 306-7, 318, 321, 322, 324, 330, 331, 336, 347, 358, 375, 385, 410, 470, 475, 500, 518

transition of administrations, parties is critical, 302-3

view of Hamilton, 303, 304n, 307

expects political "storms," 322

potential arrangement with Burr to end election crisis, 375-6, 433, 437, 484-6

drafts act to forestall Ross bill, 377-9

receives news of Va. assembly, 389

learns Burr no longer eschews presidency, 399-400

association with G. Logan, 467

refuses to respond to charges in newspapers, 467

"violent" Federalists will never accept him, 475

contact with Adams, 476, 500

learns Hamilton supports him, not Burr, 476

depicted as moderate compared to Burr, 483-4

his views on France disapproved, 506

expectations for vote in House, 517

letter to Brackenridge published, 518-20, 528, 537

rating of tobacco crop tinged by political enmity, 547

no idea of outcome as House balloting begins, 572

reports to friends about House balloting for president, 578-81

believes recalcitrant Federalists are monarchists, 588-9

considers most Americans to be Republican, 588-9

See also election of 1800

Portraits

bust by Ceracchi, 62n

by R. Peale, 317n

by R. Field, 374n

President

inauguration, xxxv

appointments, 7n, 162n, 296n, 327n, 349n, 435n, 498n, 502n, 592n

and Adams's appointments, 162n

moves into President's House, 260n

removes officers, 328n, 582n

declines to appoint Duncanson, 358n

asks for reversal of Irujo's recall, 397n

President-Elect

music written in his honor, xxxv

receives congratulations, 257, 266, 290, 291, 305, 312-15, 335, 339, 344, 345, 368, 388, 403, 406, 416n, 457, 486, 520, 552, 561, 564, 574, 581

cautioned about entreaties from S.C., 268, 333, 413

his election presumed, 300, 302-4, 312-15, 354, 361, 396, 422, 435-6n, 448n, 452, 542-4, 583, 584, 587

aspirations for administration, 302-3, 307, 408, 539

begins to assemble cabinet, 302-4, 322, 343, 358, 408-9, 438-9, 537, 566, 596

secrecy of arrangements, 304, 439, 537

Federalists expect removals from office, 308, 542, 575, 588-9

appointments, contracts, influence solicited, 313, 314, 316-17, 340, 354, 416-17, 433-4, 518-19, 533, 534n, 561, 575-7, 582, 587

hopes to reach understanding with Adams, 323, 436

Ky. marshalship, 327-8, 450-2, 457-8, 460-1, 561-3, 564, 592, 595

needs to understand Gabriel's insurrection, 330

public celebrations must be delayed, 338, 355-6

evaluates potential candidates for office, 347-9

hopes to continue seeing daughters while he is president, 391-2, 475

recommendations for private secretary, 416-17, 459-60, 481

and power to convene Congress, 437

procedures for interim appointments, 439

urged to claim authority as president, 485-6

importance of foreign affairs, 489

opponents' understanding of his positions, expectations for his presidency, 506-9

salary payment anticipated, 565

consequences of delay in Senate approval of appointments, 572, 594

has support, dedication of all honest people, 574

policy regarding appointments, 588-9

his election still in doubt, 590

approached with deals to settle election, 594

Religion

views on Christianity, xxxvii, 111-12, 167-8, 410-11

accused of atheism, 32, 116, 135n, 229

Va. act for religious freedom, 45, 53-4, 122-3, 124-5n

predicts divine retribution for slanderers, 98

changes his mind about clergy holding office, 102-3

accused of deism, 116, 135n, 230n, 386-7, 446, 506-7

on establishment of religion, 167

decries "tyranny over the mind of man," 168

asked for statement on beliefs, 249, 386-7

and community of scientists, 311

contribution for Georgetown church, 318n

compiles "Philosophy of Jesus," 345n

orders pocket Bible, 376

comments in Notes on Virginia, 386

asked to buy convent school property, 392-5

his views on freedom of religion praised, 486

his views unsettle some people, 507

See also election of 1800

Scientific Interests

and Count Rumford, 4-5, 311

R. R. Livingston's system of raising water, 9, 11n, 120-1

differences between Europe and America, 18

must defer, limit his own engagement with scientific topics, 18, 299, 444

prevention of yellow fever, 18-19

comparative studies of languages, 44, 50, 51n, 134, 135n, 243, 449

astronomy, 71-2, 89, 147, 157, 237, 255, 298-9, 334

viewed Paine's bridge model, 190

collects information on sewer drains, 230, 232n

successor to Franklin, Rittenhouse as patron of science, 237

smallpox vaccination, 264-5, 355

respected as author of Notes, 289

declines, then accepts, continued presidency of APS, 298, 388, 509-10

all theories are subject to scrutiny, 299

scientific world diverse, but "one family," 311

utilitarian science promotes human happiness, 311

western parts of North America "terra incognita," 311

his election to presidency a boon to science, 313, 315, 481n

meridian at Washington, 321, 346

tables, data should be widely available, 321, 334

weights and measures, 334, 361-3, 444-5

theories, devices submitted to him, 361-3, 512-13

improved means of acquiring languages will advance scientific learning, 415

weather, 448

his "modern Philosophy" decried, 506

prefers watch that shows seconds, 561

megalonyx, 591

See also American Philosophical Society; mastodon

Secretary of State

and allowances for consuls, 133n

report on weights and measures, 334, 361-3, 444

and accounts between states and federal government, 435n

and appointment of consuls, 477n

Slaveholder

rumored death of a slave named T. Jefferson, 42n

leases slaves to Craven, 108-9, 116, 163-6

wrote Va. law prohibiting importation of slaves, 123, 125n

TJ pays taxes on slaves, 128n

views on slaves and insurrection, 160, 248, 330

lessee pays taxes on slaves, 164

uses information from Africa to assess emancipation prospects, 168

boys work in nailery, 341, 417-18

hires slave labor, 341-2, 347, 390, 413-14, 417-18, 440, 441n, 475, 488-9, 499, 598

hires out shoemaker's labor, 417-18

prefers character, not whip, as motivation, 499-500, 528

has reputation of a good master, 507

considers hard labor good for slaves, 517

"senile corps" to work in garden, 517

strives to maximize efficiency of slaves' labor, 517

Travels

1791 trip to northern states, xxxvi, 233n

between Monticello and Washington, xxxix, 248, 249n, 250, 253, 254, 255, 261, 263, 272n, 347, 417

between Eppington and Monticello, 15n

between Monticello and Philadelphia, 17, 18, 95

visits Madison, 17, 217n, 250, 253, 259

unlikelihood of returning to Philadelphia, 168

visits Poplar Forest, 241, 248

accompanied by Bowles, 263

visits Mont Blanco, 342n

if president, will make brief trip to Va. in April 1801, 391-2, 470, 475, 489, 499, 527, 538, 557

may move Va. visit to March 1801, 593

Vice President

misses opening of session, vii, 116, 227, 248, 250

presides over Senate, xxxv, xxxix, 571, 599-603

prepares manual of parliamentary procedure, xxxv-xxxvi, 21-9, 281-6, 323n, 405, 600

role is legislative, not executive, 67-8

salary payments, 114, 171, 406n, 465n, 565

resides at Conrad & McMunn's, 171, 255-6, 260, 392n, 406n

signs, delivers May 1797 Senate address to Adams, 253n

correspondence as president of Senate, 264, 351-2

official receipt of electoral votes, 272-3, 367, 378

casts tie-breaking votes, 323n, 477, 535-6

makes notations on Senate documents, 323n, 599-603

Bayard praises conduct as, 369

possible assumption of executive power if election is subverted, 385

remains in chair to prevent selection of president pro tem, 404n, 484, 488n

Writings

Queries on Parliamentary Procedure, 22-9, 283-6

Declaration of Independence, 43n, 46n, 122

Memorandum on Postal Service from Philadelphia, 104, 202n

Summary of Public Service, 122-5

did not write Va. Declaration of Rights, 124

Summary View of the Rights of British America, 124

notes from newspapers, 196-202, 597

publication rights to Notes, 219-20

description of Va. Capitol, 335n

eschews copyright for Manual, 337

"Philosophy of Jesus," 345n

notes on conversations, 352-4, 583, 590

T. J. Randolph's edition of papers, 353-4n

Bill for Settling Disputed Presidential Elections, 377-9

Bill on Intercourse with Nations at War, 382-4

Notes on Convention of 1800, 539-40

E. Livingston borrows imagery from Notes, 550, 551n

Memoir on the Megalonyx, 591

See also Manual of Parliamentary Practice. For the Use of the Senate of the United States (Thomas Jefferson); Notes on the State of Virginia

Jenckes, Amos, 367n

Jenner, Edward, 264n

Jenny. See Gillette, Jane

Jenny (b. 1768, TJ's slave), 164

Jesse (1790-1815, TJ's slave), 164

Joe. See Fossett, Joseph

Joe (Richardson's slave), 414

Joel Barlow to his Fellow Citizens of the United States of America. Letter II, 193-4

John (b. 1753, TJ's slave), 417

John (b. 1785, TJ's slave), 418

John (Dickerson's slave), 413

Johnson, Joshua, 132, 477, 535-6

Johnson, Richard, 418, 419n

Johnson, Thomas, 535, 536n

Jones, James (d. 1801), 320, 343, 344, 601

Jones, Meriwether

publishes Examiner, 127n, 138n

riles Baptists, 175-6

relationship with Callender, 236

Jones, William, 70n

Jones, William (Pa.), 221-2

Jouett, John, Jr.

letter from, 450-2

seeks Ky. marshalship, 450-2, 457-8

identified, 451-2n

Jouett, John, Sr., 452n

Jouett, Matthew Harris, 452n

Judiciary Act (1801)

Congress takes up bill, 263, 322-3, 336, 347, 358, 385, 418, 600, 602, 603

creates judicial appointments, 322-3, 324n, 569-70

reorganizes courts, 324n, 570n, 592

repeal of, 570n

Jumel, Stephen, 372n

Jumilhac, Henri François Joseph Chapelle, Baron

Sur la Fabrication et le Cuvage des Vins, 157, 159n

"Junius" (pseudonym)

Letters, 179

Juno (d. 1801, TJ's slave), 164

Jupiter (planet), 334

juries

trial by, as fundamental principle, 96

in U.S. courts, 214, 217n, 347-8

juries, grand

XYZ addresses by, 197-8

charges to, 236

selection of, 347-8

 
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