Volume 31 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

U

Unitarians, 322n

United Brethren, 602

United Irishmen, Society of, 165n, 381, 382n

United States

Army

appropriations, expenditures for, 5, 23, 33, 77, 277, 600, 609

augmentation of, 9, 11, 12, 22, 23, 29, 33, 38-9, 44, 65n

views on standing army, 19n, 36, 243, 290, 306n, 395, 489, 522n

organization of new regiments, 97-8, 132, 481, 607

potential illicit use of, 97-8, 227, 243, 354

strength of eventual, provisional, volunteer, 97-8

militia preferred over, 101, 278, 306n

sentiments against, 219, 278, 331

calls for reduction of, 278-80, 299, 305, 306n, 331

and deficit, as political issue, 278n

and defense of Canada, 287

proposals to suspend enlistments, 305, 306n, 407, 414, 422, 601

military academy proposed, 321, 323n, 547

and intelligence from western frontiers, 468

enlistments discouraged, 522n

"provisional," not "standing," 522n

manufacture of cannons for, 540-2

Lee's uniform militia service bill, 547, 556

reorganization of engineers, artillery, 547n

regiments disbanded, 581, 606, 609, 612

compensation of paymaster general, assistants to adjutant general, 605, 608

arsenals, 608

Congress, Fifth (4 Mch. 1797-3 Mch. 1799)

act to increase and equip navy, 5, 22, 23, 29, 31-2, 37, 38-9, 65n, 599

act giving eventual authority to president to augment army, 9, 11, 12, 22, 23, 29, 33-4, 38-9, 44, 65n, 97-8, 306n

act to continue suspension of intercourse with France, 9-10, 22, 24, 29-30, 32, 105, 189, 190n

act vesting power of retaliation against French, 12-13, 23, 24, 30, 31, 34, 37, 39n, 598

and Conn. cession of Western Reserve, 25-6, 599

and western land titles, 25-6

and pressures for war with France, 32

petitioned, 35, 36, 64-5, 67, 77

prospects for adjournment, 39

criticized, 204

miscellaneous bills, 281, 597-600

and Northwest Terr., 281, 598

Federalist caucus, 296-7, 303

chaplain, 353n

and Indian treaties, 598, 599

judiciary bills, 598

navy bills, 598, 599, 600

bill on captured French citizens, 599

army appropriations, 600

Congress, Sixth (4 Mch. 1799-3 Mch. 1801)

authorizes census, viii, 293-5, 600, 601, 606

Ross election bill, viii, 381-3, 407, 409-10n, 414, 453n, 455, 456n, 461, 481, 491, 499, 547-8, 579, 597, 598, 601-5, 610-11

J. Randolph incident, xlii, 305-7, 314

and western land titles, 5-8, 610, 611

elected during XYZ influence on policy, 97, 223

elections, 110-11, 113

party strengths in, 113, 114n, 573, 579

judiciary bills, 261-3, 266-7, 433-4, 455, 462, 491, 531, 547, 604, 607, 610

act to provide for the more convenient organization of the courts of the United States, 263n, 336

receives treasury report, 277-8

suspends augmentation of army, 305, 306n, 407, 414, 601

prospects of new taxes, 306

relations with president, 306-7n

last to meet in Philadelphia, 310

act further to suspend commercial intercourse between U.S. and France, 314, 315-16n, 331, 333, 343, 408, 410n, 413, 415, 603

and proposed military academy, 321, 323n, 547

prospects for adjournment, 331, 334, 364, 366, 368, 381, 409, 415, 422, 450, 455, 462, 473-4, 476, 480, 483-4, 486, 491, 499, 509, 512, 521, 526, 531, 535-6, 546, 547, 561-2

act concerning government of Miss. Terr., 336, 337n, 547, 549n, 605, 607

petitioned, 336, 337n, 548n, 601, 602, 604, 607, 609

criticized, 346, 589n

and Sedition Act, 356, 357n

bill for uniform mode of drawing jurors by lot, 358, 359n, 374, 430-1, 545-6, 601, 604

authorizes loan, 407, 410n, 414, 422, 455, 456n, 605

and regulation of judges' officeholding, 407, 410n, 476, 480, 483, 491, 499, 604

assertion of privileges of, 416, 422, 447n, 451-4, 603-6

act to amend Judiciary Act, 430-1, 491, 499, 547

act to establish uniform system of bankruptcy, 443, 455, 470-2, 491, 573, 603, 604-5

powers of, as electoral issue, 465

adjournment, 467n, 579, 580, 581

pro-British sentiments in, 469

bill to prevent interference of military in elections, 476, 477n, 480-1, 483, 491, 499, 604

bill to defray president's moving expenses, 525n

authorizes Ohio land sales, 547, 549n, 598, 606, 609

companies seek federal incorporation, 547, 548n, 550, 610

divides Northwest Terr., 547, 549n, 606, 608

militia bill, 547, 556

ways and means act, 547, 549n, 608, 612

seeks copper supply, 548-9n, 606

Republicans caucus, 556n

Federalists caucus, 561, 562-3n

act to discharge regiments, 581, 606, 609, 612

miscellaneous bills, 600-12

and military land grants, 602

navy bills, 606, 607

accepts Conn. cession of Western Reserve, 607, 609

and arming of merchant vessels, 607, 608

provides for relocation to Washington, 607

and prohibition of slave trade, 608, 611

preparation for second session, 610, 611

Congress, Seventh (4 Mch. 1801-3 Mch. 1803)

Republican majorities expected, 485, 491, 509-10, 512, 531, 573

Continental Congress

journals published, 392n

procedures of, 400

Courts

charges to juries, 41, 42n, 589

Supreme Court and politics, 41, 42n

suit against E. Randolph, 62-3, 464, 465-6n, 498, 504, 511n, 574

appointments to, membership of Supreme Court, 166n, 465n

and common law, 168-71, 227, 232, 299, 447

and constitutionality of legislation, 174n

Robbins extradition, 180, 181-2n, 227, 228n, 410n, 421

rules for testimony in chancery suits, 260-1, 267

organization of circuits, 261-3, 266-7, 336, 344, 433-4, 598

in Pa., 281

and state court procedures, 344, 345n

Judiciary Act of 1789, 345n, 431n, 546n

role of chief justice in deciding disputed elections, 381

judges' officeholding, 407, 410n, 439, 476, 480, 483, 491, 499, 601, 604

Judiciary Act of 1801, 433-4, 455, 462, 491, 531, 547, 604, 607, 610

expenditures, 455, 462, 491

Wayles estate suits, 457-9

and interest on British debts, 459-61n

Ware v. Hylton, 461n

marshals, 492, 493n, 521, 545, 589, 599, 608, 609

potential executive influence on sedition trials, 493n

Chase impeachment, 522n

jurisdiction, 522n

in Va., 589n

compensation for officers, jurors, 599

in N.C., 604

See also juries; Sedition Act (1798)

Economy

effects of selective repeal of suspension of trade with France, ix, 189, 216, 218, 280n, 288, 299, 314, 315n, 331, 333, 343, 359, 408, 415

trade with Saint-Domingue, 9-10

and Britain, 11

exports, 30-1, 33

relationship of peace, prosperity, 55

values of securities, currency, 81, 87, 90n, 442

role of European tobacco markets, 105-6, 189, 212, 441

scarcity of cash, 115-16

role of grain in overseas trade, 216, 415

businesses fail, 305, 306, 331, 333-4, 342, 358-9, 407, 414, 455

and Hamburg failures, 305, 331, 333-4, 342, 343, 473

disrupted state of commerce, 306, 313, 320, 331, 333-4, 343, 359, 407-8, 455

speculation in paper, lands, 313

of eastern states, and politics, 324-5, 381, 409, 415

use of custom house drafts for payment in Va., 353-4, 359

foreign capital, 408

use of bank notes, 423, 425, 428, 430, 431, 448

creditors tend to be foreigners, merchants, speculators, 443, 471

debtors tend to be farmers, manufacturers, 443, 471

Executive

power over augmented army, 11, 33, 44

role in retaliatory act, 12-13, 23

opposition to discretionary powers of, 36

and continuity of law, 169, 171n

address to open sessions of Congress, 280

act controlling presidential succession, 281, 283

presidential term of office, 324

as model of single, elective executive, 336-7

and independence of judiciary, 421

vice president not part of, 436

and Ross election bill, 440

powers of, as key political issue, 465

salaries, 599

Foreign Relations

projected treaty with Russia, 23-4, 30, 31, 34, 38

projected treaty with Ottoman Empire, 24-5, 30, 34, 38

with Portugal, 24n, 54

diplomatic expenses, 33, 277

diplomatic relations with Saint-Domingue, 44, 45n, 49

dangers of entangling alliances, 78

calls for abolishment of diplomatic establishment, 97

Algiers negotiation, 194, 200-1, 202n

and Canada, 287

with Prussia, 601

See also France: U.S. Relations with; Great Britain: U.S. Relations with

Government

origins of national sovereignty, 170

selection of presidential electors, 194-5, 201, 299-301, 324-5

relocates to Washington, 310, 525n, 538-9

printing of laws, 322n

forms of territorial government, 336, 337n

and example of Bonaparte's seizure of power, 354, 358, 374

Bonaparte as model for potential usurper, 358

House of Representatives

uses TJ's parliamentary manual, viii, 401n

meets in Congress Hall, xlii

action on land grants, 6-8

and Conn. land cession, 26n, 607

and Alien and Sedition Acts, 64-5, 117, 137, 173, 174n, 178, 356, 357n

Federalist majority in, 64-5, 343, 481, 495

bill to encourage capture of French privateers, 65n

as check to Federalist usurpations, 97

and judiciary bills, 261, 336, 434n, 455, 462, 491, 531

receives information from Wolcott, 278n

Ways and Means Committee, 278n, 407, 410n, 439

business of, early and late in sessions, 280-3

approval process for bills, 282

census bill, 295n

and curtailment of military increases, 305, 306n

committees, 306-7n, 331, 410n, 434n, 547-8, 548n

J. Randolph affair, 306-7n, 314, 331

privileges, 306-7n, 314

and further suspension of intercourse, 315-16n

receives Trumbull prints, 375n

role in disputed elections, 381, 419, 547-8

and Ross election bill, 382n, 414, 455, 491, 499, 531, 547-8, 610, 611

procedures, 400, 401n

proposed reduction of military expenditures, 407, 410n

and Robbins case, 408, 410n, 422

clerks, 419-20, 476n

approves jury bill, 431n

and bankruptcy bill, 443n, 470, 472n, 491

speakers, 443n

approves loans, 456n

approves medal for Truxtun, 456n, 606

expected adjournment, 473, 480

and bill to prohibit troops at polls, 476, 477n, 480-1, 483, 491

Republicans hold ground, expect majority, 485, 491, 509-10, 512, 531, 573, 579

design of chamber for, 538-9, 563

and incorporation of companies, 547, 548-9n, 550

and Lee's militia bill, 547n

and proposed military academy, 547n

Committee of Commerce and Manufactures, 548n

petitioned, 548n

Federalists weaker than anticipated, 573, 579

and bill to discharge regiments, 581n

amendment of Direct Tax, 599

compensation of officers, 599-600, 608-9

compensation of members, 601

resolution of contested elections in, 608

and Miss. Terr. bill, 609

and slave trade prohibition, 611

Indian Affairs

appropriations and expenditures for, 33, 277, 598, 599, 611, 612

relations with Chickasaws, 247n

treaties, negotiations, 247n, 598, 599, 611

administration of, 334-5, 437n

economic program for Creeks, 335

boundary with Cherokees, 434n

channels of communication, 436

regulation of trade, 600, 605, 607

lands for Moravians, 602

Navy

marines confront J. Randolph, xlii, 305-7, 314

augmentation of, 5, 22, 23, 29, 31-3, 37-9, 65n, 599

expenditures for, 23, 33, 37, 77, 277, 407, 410n, 414, 422, 608, 611

supported in Massachusetts, 97

sentiments against, 219

calls for reduction of, 280n

nation "navy-mad," 320

proposed postponement of ship construction, 407, 410n, 414, 422

officers and commissions, 424

mutinies, 456n

copper sheathing for frigates, 548n

timber for, 598

officers' pay, 599

Marine Corps, 600, 606, 608

bill for better government of, 607, 608

See also Stoddert, Benjamin

Politics

and federal military power, 41

U.S. as asylum of liberty, 53, 341, 481-2

in crisis, 59

merchants refuse to carry political letters, 90

patronage and, 243

and government's claim to "self-preservation," 416, 422

Public Finance

military expenditures as political issue, vii, 23, 277-8n, 280n, 290, 306, 358, 407, 410n

$5 million loan, 23, 33, 39, 75-6, 81, 87, 102, 133, 504-5, 517, 526, 587

import, export data published, 30-1

expected revenues and expenditures, 32, 33, 277-8

expenses of civil list, 33, 277

interest on public debt, 33, 277

proposed $2 million loan, 33, 39

revenue from prize captures, 277

value of public lands, 277

expected $5 million deficit, 306, 314, 331, 343

taxation of stocks, banks proposed, 306, 342, 358

peace with France affects value of U.S. securities, 375-6

$100 million debt, 395

anticipated $3.5 million loan, 407, 410n, 414, 422

suggested reduction of military expenditures, 407, 410n, 414, 422, 439

commerce bills and constitutional convention, 408, 410n

and Hamilton, 430n

enormity of national debt, 439

English investment in U.S. loan, 455

expenditures for courts, 455, 462

$3.5 million loan, 455, 456n, 505, 519, 526, 587, 605, 610

ways and means act, 547, 549n, 608, 612

proposed subscription to copper company, 548n

Senate examines expenditures, 610

See also Bank of the United States; Direct Tax (1798); Stamp Act (1797)

Public Opinion

turning against Federalists, for Republicans, vii, 12, 16, 22, 34-7, 52, 57, 67, 77-8, 97, 211-12, 223, 481, 488, 509, 512, 531, 534, 546-7, 554-5, 560, 570, 573, 579

on relationship of British debts, military measures, taxation, 5

on France and French, 38, 49, 509

said to be oblivious to tyranny, 41

rising spirit of American people, 53

favors peace, 55

must not foster insurrection, 59, 243

and XYZ affair, 66, 485, 509, 512

changing in middle states, 67, 77, 223, 227

spirit of 1776 not dead, 77

deceptions of people are temporary, 110, 341

Federalists manipulate, 178-9, 279, 462, 509, 512, 554-5, 557

and Robbins case, 227

political opinion in west, 262

Republicans seek to nurture, 289

Priestley worries about state of, 346

Republicans losing battle for, 439, 462

slander, defamation in election campaign, 464-5, 526, 531

Federalist measures will alienate the people, aid Republicans, 481

and handling of Duane's case, 537

Federalists scorn, 579, 581

Senate

and Ross election bill, viii, 381-3, 407, 409-10n, 414, 453n, 455, 456n, 461, 481, 491, 547-8, 579, 597, 598, 601-5, 610-11

meets in Congress Hall, xlii

action on land grants, 7, 8n

and retaliatory act, 24, 30, 31, 34, 37

Conn. cession of Western Reserve, 25-6, 599, 607, 609

and executive appointments, 25n, 31, 34, 38, 45-50, 64, 424, 487-8, 581n

and new envoys to France, 45-6, 48, 50, 64

and organization of new regiments, 98n, 481, 483

and judiciary bills, 261, 336, 491, 499, 531, 547

instructions to senators, 278, 280n, 288, 295-6, 299-300, 319, 325, 356, 417, 446

committees of, 280, 295n, 382n, 431n, 453n, 598-9, 601-11

response to president's annual address, 280

attendance of vice presidents, 280-3, 313

business of, early and late in sessions, 280-3, 314

miscellaneous bills, 281

duties, role of president pro tem, 281-3

approval process for bills, 282

and census legislation, 295n, 600, 601, 606

and curtailment of military increases, 305, 306n

and further suspension of intercourse, 315-16n

bills for selection of jurors, 358, 359n, 430-1, 545-6

receives Trumbull prints, 375n

role in disputed elections, 381, 419, 547-8

procedures, 400-1

and TJ's parliamentary manual, 401n, 486, 597

in opposition to House, 407

and proposed constitutional amendments, 407, 410n

proceedings against Duane, 408, 410-11n, 422, 451-4, 466-7, 476, 481, 483, 492, 493n, 521n, 537, 603-6

assertion of power of "self-preservation," 416, 422

assertions of common law in, 416, 430-1

doctrines advocated by Federalists in, 416

and H. J. Knox, 424, 487-8

and bankruptcy bill, 443n, 491

sergeant at arms, 452, 599

approves loans, 456n

approves medal for Truxtun, 456n, 606

expected adjournment, 473, 480

and bill to prohibit troops at polls, 476, 477n, 480-1, 483, 491, 499, 604

and regulation of judges' officeholding, 480, 483, 491, 499

Federalist tendencies, majority in, 481, 579

rejects appointment of Brooks, 481n, 483

Republican majority expected, 485, 491, 531

design of chamber for, 538-9, 563

and incorporation of companies, 548n, 550

Republicans vie with divided Federalists, 563n

elects president pro tem, 580

and bill to discharge regiments, 581n

potential for special session in Washington, 591

prospect of new treaty with France, 591

responds to 28 Jan. 1799 message, 598

compensation of officers, 599-600, 608-9

and death of Washington, 600

resolutions, 600, 601, 602, 604, 605, 606

compensation of members, 601

petitioned, 601, 602, 604, 607, 609

motion respecting votes in presidential election, 612

See also Jefferson, Thomas: Vice President

Society

demographics and census, 293-5

Treasury

report on imports, 481, 482n

customs officers' compensation, 599, 610, 611

Senate receives information from, 602

customs duties, 603, 606, 607, 609, 610, 611-12

customs districts, 609, 611

alteration of act establishing, 610

surveyors of revenue, 611

United States (U.S. frigate)

brings news of envoys, 475-6, 477n, 480, 482-3

Universal Gazette (Philadelphia), 317-18

Ursula (TJ's slave)

cures meat, 270

receives firewood, 272

illness, death of, 347-8, 473, 497, 523

bottles cider, 360

family, 523

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z