Volume 30 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

M

Macaulay, Catharine: History of England, 595

McClenachan, Blair, 364-5

McDonald, Angus: commands Va. militia, 76, 105-6, 137

Macdonald, Thomas, 623-5, 627

McDowell, Alice, 527n

McDowell, John:

letters to, 527, 563

letters from, 529, 563

sells nails for TJ, 398, 446n, 526-7, 529, 563

account settled, 527n

identified, 527n

McDowell, Joseph, 557

McDowell, William, 527n

McGee (McGehee), James:

works on roof at Monticello, 593

Madison sends schedule of rates for, 606, 610, 619, 642-3

McGuire, William, 281n

Machecou Indians. See Fox (Mechecaukis, Mechecouakis) Indians

McHenry, James:

and TJ's comments on J. Wise, 99-100n

prospects for continuing in office, 111, 173, 182

and Washington, 156, 443n, 448, 611n

Letter from the Secretary at War, 279-80

and fortifications at Norfolk, 523-4

Machir, James, 169, 194

McKean, Sarah (Sally). See Irujo, Sarah (Sally) McKean

McKean, Thomas:

as gubernatorial candidate in 1799, 10

charge to grand jury, 125

dispute with Cobbett, 194n

provides certificate for G. Logan, 386n

Maclay, William, 228, 229n

Maclure, William:

entertains TJ, 426n

knows Niemcewicz, 507-9, 625

hopes to visit Monticello, 591

Macon, Nathaniel, 379

Madison, Dolley Payne Todd:

TJ sends regards to, 11, 54, 88, 112, 127, 182, 269, 300, 323, 354, 380, 394, 409, 418, 576, 580, 624, 666

TJ sends news to, 610

Madison, James

letters to, 9-12, 53-5, 87-9, 111-12, 125-7, 156-7, 181-2, 189-91, 227-9, 244-6, 250-1, 279-80, 280-1, 299-302, 322-5, 343-5, 353-4, 363-5, 378-80, 393-5, 408-9, 416-19, 567-8, 576, 579-80, 610-12, 622-5, 665-7

letters from, 40-1, 94-6, 116-18, 162-4, 175-6, 238-40, 274-6, 289-90, 311-12, 333-5, 348-9, 358-60, 368-9, 383-4, 404-6, 571, 603, 605-7, 619-20, 642-3

letters from cited, 571n, 580n

Congress

resolutions on TJ's Report on Commerce, 84, 92-4

Opinions

compares Washington and Adams, 117, 384, 405

on conduct of Senate, 163

on Jay, Jay Treaty, 163-4, 334

on juries and impeachment trials, 163

on abuse of power by executive, 239, 348

on Adams's views and policies, 239, 275-6, 348, 359, 368, 405

interprets Constitution, 239

on power to declare war, 239

on Talleyrand, 274

on XYZ affair, 275, 289, 311, 359

on role of citizenry, 333-4

on Alien Friends Act, 359

on partiality of news from Europe, 368

on powers of states, 606

on congressional privilege, 619-20

Personal Affairs

financial transactions, 9, 88, 276n, 299, 334, 345, 603, 605, 619, 635, 637n

travels to Richmond, 40

visits Albemarle Co., 95-6

and Mazzei's publication, 175-6

and F. Muhlenberg, 274, 276n

orders glass, 311-12, 343, 394

orders hardware, 312, 343-5, 358-9, 380, 384, 394, 409, 418

builds threshing machine, 349

See also Montpelier

Politics

depicted in political cartoon, xliii, 364 (illus.)

and call for Constitutional Convention, 14

on negotiations in France, 40-1, 94-5, 274-5, 359-60, 384

on Lyon-Griswold affair, 117, 164

and comments by Hamilton, 172

on celebration of Washington's birthday, 175

supports Republican call for adjournment of Congress, 240

and Spriggs's resolution on war, 275

rumors of election to House of Delegates, 280

on Republican newspapers, 334

holds Federalists responsible for desiring war, 368, 384

on prospects for war with France, 404-5

and attacks on Monroe, 405

urged to run for office, 442

and irregular postal service in Va., 642

on apathy of people, 643

Relations with Jefferson

TJ visits, viii, 531, 603

urged to publish debates from Federal Convention, ix, 623

TJ sends congressional and political news to, xliii, 10, 87-8, 111-12, 156-7, 182, 189-90, 227-8, 244-5, 280-1, 299-300, 322-4, 344-5, 353, 363-4, 378-80, 393-4, 610-11, 622-3, 665

places orders from TJ's nailery, 9, 40, 95-6, 127, 162, 576, 580, 603, 605-6

and postal service, 9, 88, 192, 642

TJ handles orders, business affairs in Philadelphia for, 9, 88, 274, 276n, 299, 311-12, 334, 343-5, 353, 358-9, 380, 384, 394, 409, 418, 603, 605, 619, 635, 637n

TJ sends newspapers, other publications to, 11, 40, 94, 112, 116, 175, 238-9, 251, 268, 279-80, 289, 349, 353-4, 359, 368, 380, 394, 642

TJ urges to take up his pen, 11, 245, 268, 276

and Delamotte's letter, 45

TJ fears interference with correspondence, 244, 274

TJ reports on XYZ dispatches, 250-1

TJ delivers letters for, 274, 276n, 299

urged by TJ to become politically active, 280

TJ plans to visit, 349, 394, 409

travel to N.Y. together, 517

and Ky. Resolutions of 1798, 531, 533-5, 557, 568, 580

and TJ's petition on jurors, 567, 571, 574n, 576

visits Monticello, 567-8

and Va. Resolutions, 590, 606

sends essay to TJ for publication, 619-20, 665

seeks political news from TJ, 643

Writings

notes on debates at the Federal Convention, ix, 14n, 623

Va. Resolutions, 532, 534, 590, 606-7

essay on "Foreign Influence", 619-20, 665

Madison, Bishop James:

letters to, 159-62, 236-7

letters from, 177-8, 273

and scientific research, viii, 159-62, 177-8, 215, 219-20, 236-7, 273

rivalry with Ewing, 162n

and Munford, 596-7n

Madison, James, Sr., 576, 580

Madison, William, 334, 353

Madison family: TJ sends regards to, 354, 380, 394, 409, 418, 576, 580

Magaw, Samuel:

letter from, 36-7

secretary of APS, 36-7

magnetism:

use of dipping needle, 159-60, 177-8, 215, 219-20, 236, 273

Bishop Madison studies, 178, 236, 273

Mahican (Mohican) Indians:

confused with Mohegans, 86

language, 86, 87n

Stockbridge branch, 249

See also Observations on the Language of the Muhhekaneew Indians (Jonathan Edwards, Jr.)

Maine, 20

Mallet, Paul Henri: Northern Antiquities, 595

Malmesbury, Lord. See Harris, James, first Earl of Malmesbury

Malone, Dumas, 535

Malone, Michael, 6

Malta, 458

mammoth:

APS seeks, receives fossils of, 37n, 158, 159n

bones of found in Tenn., 158, 159n

confused with megalonyx, 178, 232, 236

thigh bone from western Va., 178

tooth sent to Louis of Parma, 232

in Notes on Virginia, 236

Manchester, Va., 357

Mantua, Italy, 11

manufacturing:

promotion of American, 158-9

Du Ponts enter, 503n

manure, 197, 210-11

Manures Most Advantageously Applicable to the Various Sorts of Soils (Richard Kirwan):

praised by TJ, 211, 458n, 594

sent to TJ by Strickland, 456

maps: of South America, 212, 457

Marat, Jean Paul, 485

Marc Antony, 123

"Marcellus": ascribed to Hamilton, 245-6, 276, 323

Marks, Hastings (TJ's brother-in-law), 604, 608

marriage:

TJ's views on achieving harmony in, 15-16, 69-70

supported by Kosciuszko's preliminary will, 332

Marshall, Humphrey:

proposes amendments to Constitution, 53-4, 55n

and procedures for impeachment trials, 58, 62, 121n

The Aliens: A Patriotic Poem, 380, 405-6, 511, 512n

mocked, 511, 512n

on committee for Tazewell's funeral, 638n

and Gerry's confirmation, 653

makes motions in Senate, 673-5

Marshall, James, 247n

Marshall, John:

letter to, 423-4

letter from, 424

returns from France a hero, viii, 417, 421

creates XYZ affair, says TJ, xxxix, 661

in cartoon, xl, 364 (illus.)

keeps journal of XYZ affair, xl, 99n

law practice, 89, 429n, 469n

and James River Canal, 148-9

sees Short in Paris, 148-9, 277, 475, 477

conduct as envoy criticized, 174n, 339, 490-1, 643n

support for Jay Treaty, 174n, 185

rumored intrigues of, 185

considered hostile by France, 219, 397

leaves Paris, 219, 390, 393, 394, 396, 397, 636n

writes memorial to Talleyrand, 336n

relations with Gerry, Pinckney, 393, 441, 647

relations with TJ, 421, 423-4

letter from cited, 424n

elected to Congress, 524, 525n, 643

not disposed toward peace with France, 647, 649

See also XYZ affair

Martens, Georg Friedrich von:

Précis du droit des gens moderne, 615-16

Summary of the Law of Nations, Founded on the Treaties and Customs of the Modern Nations of Europe, 615-16

Martin, Mr., 120

Martin, Alexander:

and relations with France, 364n

political ambitions, 444

wavers on sedition bill, 444, 445n

and Gerry's confirmation, 653

Martin, Benjamin: Philosophia Britannica, 594

Martin, Ephraim, 5

Martin, James:

letter to, 131

Independence Day oration by, 131

TJ confuses with B. Vaughan, 131

Martin, John, 137, 138

Martin, Luther:

letters from, 3-7, 16-21, 30-4, 73-8, 105-10, 133-43

portrait, xxxix, 364 (illus.)

challenges TJ's account of Logan's speech, 3-7, 8, 34, 37-8, 73-8, 101, 108-10, 133-43, 216, 264-5, 285, 291, 327, 329, 339-40, 392, 509-10, 571n

defends Cresaps, 3-6, 16-21, 30-4, 73-8, 105-10, 133-43

mocks TJ as philosopher, 4, 6, 77, 107, 109n, 110n, 135, 143n

relationship to Cresaps, 20, 107, 264

Corbin defends, 285-7

political motives condemned, 340, 342, 420, 510

and Fennell, 392n

Martin, Maria Cresap (Mrs. Luther Martin), 20, 107

Martin, Thomas C.:

threshing machine and drill by, 198-9, 217-18, 252-4, 310, 347-8, 349, 387

seeks patent, 217-18, 252-4, 347-8, 387-8

Martin & Douglas, 358n

Martin's swamp (Chesterfield Co., Va.):

J. W. Eppes seeks to sell, 629

described, 639

Mary I (Mary Tudor), Queen of England, 602

Maryland:

dispute with Pa., 5-6, 30-1

frontier settlements, 5-6, 17-18, 31-2, 74, 108-10

elections in, 10, 242

relations with Indians, 18, 20, 31-2

canal construction, 70n

mapping of counties, 70n

rifle companies in American Revolution, 107

Kosciuszko's will and laws of, 333n

and XYZ affair, 353, 365

land investments, 493

price of tobacco from, 623, 626

See also Ogle, Samuel

Mason, Mr., 571

Mason, George:

relationship to S. T. Mason, 13n

and Ohio Company, 19

regard for T. Cresap, 34

Mason, John (British author): Essays on Poetical and Prosaic Numbers, 594

Mason, Stevens Thomson:

letter to, 559-60

letters from, 12-13, 438-9, 443-5, 586-7

and TJ's account of Logan's speech, 12-13

assists Callender, 13n, 521-3, 559, 580-4, 586

identified, 13n

and Jay Treaty, 13n

and M. Lyon, 13n, 584n, 586n

sends copy of Logan's speech, 38-9

and procedures for impeachment trials, 59n

TJ's regards to, 65

in Senate, 438-9, 445n, 676, 679

sends news, 438-9, 443-5, 586-7

letter from cited, 439n

handles TJ's financial transaction with Callender, 559, 561

and TJ's search for tenants, 560, 586

and Gerry, 636n, 653

on committee for Tazewell's funeral, 638n

Mason, Thomson, 13n

Massachusetts: and Madison's resolutions on Report on Commerce, 93

protests against stamp tax in, 157n

Republican newspapers in, 227, 228n, 241

congressional elections in, 241-2, 643

opposes war, 241-2

petitions against arming merchant vessels, 279

and disagreements among states, 388-9

election districts in, 442

selection of jurors in, 575n

growth of republicanism in, 610, 612

and Tory refugees, 619-20

congressional assent to an act of, 672

Massachusetts Historical Society, 390n

Massachusetts State Bank, 480, 495

Mathers, James, 85n

Mattaponi Indians, 564

Matthews, George, 280-1

Matthiessen & Sillem (Selem) (Hamburg), 65, 67

Maury, Fontaine, 351

Maury, James, 316, 317n

Mayer, Brantz, 515n

Mayo, John, 524

Mayo's bridge, 104

Mazzei, Philip:

TJ's letter of 24 Apr. 1796, 3, 11n, 100n, 256, 303

Recherches historiques et politiques sur les États-Unis d'Amérique, 157, 175-6

Mease, James: Domestic Encyclopædia, 207-8n

medals:

theft of TJ's medals, 79

medicine:

description of T. M. Randolph's illness, 79

TJ's views on, 381

for syphilis, 406

purchased by TJ in Philadelphia, 406

treatment for cold, 587

megalonyx:

confused with mammoth, 178, 232, 236

TJ's report to APS, 178, 232, 236-7

relationship to sloths, 294-7

tooth analyzed, 294-7

hunters' accounts associated with, 519-20

Memoirs of Edmund Ludlow, Esq. (Edmund Ludlow), 595

Memoirs of the Kings of Great Britain of the House of Brunswic-Lunenburg (William Belsham), 595

Mercer, Hugh, 101, 103

Mercer, John Francis:

court case, 350

opposes Adams's policy toward France, 351n

and Monroe, 454

merchants, U.S.:

and economic decline in Philadelphia, 10

and arming of vessels, 88, 181, 183

and trade with Britain, 94, 112, 126, 128, 163-4

economic plight of, 123

and recognition of U.S. citizenship by Britain and France, 170

and French decree of 18 Jan. 1798, 189

reactions to failure of mission to France, 194, 351

and XYZ affair, 268, 279-80, 283

call for war, 316

influence on government, 316

meeting in Fredericksburg, 351

alarmed at seizures by French privateers, 354

Monroe's opinion of, 415

as accounting specialists, 476, 494

yellow fever interrupts financial transactions, 560

Meriwether, Thomas, 288n

Meriwether, William D., 593

Merlin de Douai, Philippe Antoine:

introduced to G. Logan, 386n

and Logan affair, 577

identified, 577n

Monroe forwards letter from, 658-9

Message from the President of the United States, Accompanying a Report of the Secretary of State:

TJ distributes, 638, 640-1, 663-4

demonstrates Pickering's attitude, 648-50

Message from the President of the United States, Accompanying Sundry Papers Relative to the Affairs of the United States, with the French Republic:

Gerry's papers published as, 636n

TJ paraphrases, distributes, 638, 640-1, 648, 651n, 661-4, 667

Message of the President of the United States, of 5th March, 1798 with a Letter from our Envoys Extraordinary at Paris, with Other Documents, 165-6n, 170, 264n

Message of the President of the United States, to Both Houses of Congress. June 21st, 1798: TJ reports on, 418-19, 421-2, 484-6

Message of the President of the United States, to Both Houses of Congress. May 4th, 1798:

memorial by U.S. envoys to Talleyrand, 335-6

Madison's views on, 359-60

Message of the President of the United States to Both Houses of Congress. April 3d, 1798:

TJ distributes, 263-4, 266-70, 283, 289, 335, 338

arrives in Va., 290

Message of the President of the United States to Both Houses of Congress. June 5th, 1798: TJ distributes, 391n, 392-3, 394-5, 396-8, 419-20

Miami Indians, 82n, 213

Michikinikwa (Little Turtle), 82n

Middlesex Gazette (Middletown, Conn.), 228-9n

middle states: abatement of XYZ fever in, 664, 665-6, 668

Middleton, Conyers: Miscellaneous Works, 594

Mifflin, Thomas, 353

Milan, Italy, 12n

militia:

called out in Philadelphia, 341, 344

and bill for provisional army, 353

and defensive preparations, 621, 646

considered in Senate bills, 675, 677

See also Virginia: Militia

Miller, Arthur, 280-1

Miller (Millar), Isaac:

letters to cited, 12

TJ's payments to, 12, 592-3, 604

in TJ's accounts with G. Jefferson, 375

Millot, Claude François Xavier: works, 595

mills:

patent for wind or water, 617-18

and TJ's suit against Henderson heirs, 622n

Milton, John: Paradise Lost, 327

Milton, Mass., 242n

Milton, Va.:

postal service for, 27, 56, 282, 325, 381, 626-7

sales of TJ's nails at, 446

proposed canal to Charlottesville, 523-4, 561-2

TJ describes, 559

Mingo Indians:

and Dunmore's War, 75-8, 306-7

See also Logan (Mingo Indian)

Minor, John. Jr., 329

Mint, U.S.:

expenditures for, 634, 667

Miscellaneous Works (Conyers Middleton), 594

missionaries. See Indians; New York Missionary Society

Mississippi River, 216

Mississippi Territory:

establishment of government in, 116, 672

appointments for, 280-1, 323-5, 326

Modern Practice of the High Court of Chancery (Robert Hinde), 594

Mohegan Indians: confused with Mahicans, 86

Mohican Indians. See Mahican (Mohican) Indians

molasses: for TJ, 167, 170, 183, 220, 609, 669

Molloy, Charles: De Jure Maritimo, 594

monarchy:

in Europe, 124

Hamilton on U.S. and, 172-3

Federalists associated with, 325n, 420

on abolition of, 359

and political parties, 433

Monck (Monk), George, Duke of Albemarle, 560n

money:

scarcity of cash, 10, 446, 529, 562-3

paper money, 113, 589

Monford, Montfort. See Munford, William G. (d. 1804)

Monongahela River, 77

Monot, Stephen, 672

Monroe, Elizabeth Kortright (Mrs. James Monroe):

and Mme de Corny, 23

TJ sends regards to, 90, 169, 247, 282, 612, 636

Merlin sends regards to, 659

Monroe, James:

letters to, 89-90, 168-70, 191-2, 246-8, 281-2, 360-2, 612-13, 633-7

letters from, 21-2, 57-8, 120-1, 133, 221-3, 254-5, 272-3, 328-30, 350-1, 382, 400-4, 414-16, 454, 658-9

publishes View, 7, 8n, 637n

financial affairs, 9, 276n, 404, 635

conduct as minister to France, 11-12, 22, 89, 382, 402, 637n

View, 11-12, 40, 96, 246, 511

correspondence with G. Logan, 11n

on land tax, 21-2

and Dawson, 22, 281, 382, 400, 637n

dispute with A. Hamilton, 22

hopes session of Congress will end, 22

and distribution of View, 40, 57, 87, 89, 96, 127, 221, 223n

and Delamotte, 45, 57

draws on Barnes, 57, 88, 89

recalled from France, 83, 118-19, 174n

considers practicing law in Richmond, 89-90, 120, 133, 169, 254-5, 401-2

feted at Richmond dinner, 110-11, 225, 226n

H. Gates praises, 110

accused of financial improprieties, 221-3, 246, 247n, 272, 281-2, 329-30, 350-1, 400

Latrobe harmed by association with, 225

refuses to toast G. Washington, 246, 247n

views on Adams, 254, 329

newspaper subscription, 301n

criticizes U.S. envoys, 311

visits Madison, 311

and Mercer's case, 350

Adams's attack on, 353, 402-4, 405

prospect of entering Congress, 361, 382, 401-4, 511

political attacks on, 363

and Janet Montgomery, 385, 516

threat of impeachment, 405

as presidential candidate in 1808, 438n

TJ criticized for connections to, 439n

and Tazewell, 450, 641

sends books to TJ, 454

buys land, 494

and J. Breckinridge, 533

acts as agent for W. Bache, 612-13, 658

TJ sends statement on income, expenses to, 633-4

and Madison, 637n

and G. Logan affair, 658-9

sends TJ letter from Merlin de Douai, 658-9

Mont Blanco:

as new residence for Mary and J. W. Eppes, 607-8, 633, 639, 669

Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de: works, 595

Montgomery, Janet Livingston:

letter to, 516-17

letter from, 385

asks TJ to forward letter to Monroe, 385, 516

identified, 385n

Montgomery, Richard, 385n, 517

Monticello:

break-in at, viii, 68-9, 78-9

renovation and expansion of, viii, 92, 114, 128, 166-7, 188, 215, 235, 249, 269-71, 312, 326-7, 451-2, 504, 585, 593, 599, 603, 608

TJ longs for, plans return to, viii-ix, 327, 336, 381, 394, 406, 410-11, 412, 421, 435

art displayed at, xli-xlii

sale of furnishings from, xli-xlii plants, trees for, 42n, 183, 192-3, 211, 248-9, 265, 282, 312

tools for blacksmith, 55, 56, 104, 167, 180, 375

flooring for, 56, 269-71, 312, 579-80

guns at, 68-9

management of, 79, 325-6, 385-6, 628

horses and mules for farm work at, 114, 128, 158, 177, 249

items in TJ's study, 114

carriages repaired at, 116

chimney piece for, 167-8, 180, 192, 613, 618, 630

molasses for, 170, 183, 609, 669

construction of roads at, 200-1

use of moldboard plow at, 207-8n, 388

various visitors to, 213, 419n, 458, 498, 587, 591

spring at, compared to Philadelphia, 248

brickmasons, stonemasons at, 255, 283, 313, 568, 571, 576, 579, 593

furniture, furnishings for, 282, 337, 343, 350, 362, 461, 466-7n

TJ and summers at, 290

carpenters at, 326-7, 579-80, 619, 642-3

groceries and supplies for, 337, 343, 355, 356, 357, 362, 365, 382, 461

supplies abundance of vegetables, 346

TJ invites family to, 357, 365, 382, 396, 421, 669

Niemcewicz hopes to visit, 399, 400, 410, 507, 508, 591

described by La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, 488

Madison visits, 567-8

Montpelier:

TJ visits, viii, 531

weather at, 41, 117, 164, 176, 276, 289-90, 334, 348-9, 360, 368, 384, 571, 619

Monroe visits, 311

renovation of, 571, 579-80, 603, 604

Moors: expelled from Spain, 150

Moravians:

as missionaries, ethnographers, 86-7, 265n, 285, 288, 305-10

and Latrobe, 225n

See also Heckewelder, John Loskiel, George Henry

More, Thomas:

Historie of Edward the Fifth, 595

History of King Richard III, 595

Moreau de St. Méry, Médéric Louis Elie, 362n

Morgan, Benjamin R., 126, 127n

Morgan, Daniel:

and Logan's speech, 140

as Va. congressman, 169

votes with Federalists, 194

Morning Chronicle (London), 590n

Morris, Gouverneur:

in Constitutional Convention, 173

opposes national bank, 173

as minister to France, 174n

agent of R. Morris, 477

relations with Hamilton, 596n

Morris, Robert:

and debt to Currie, 171-2, 356-7, 366, 413-14, 576, 616

advocates national bank, 173

in Constitutional Convention, 173

financial failure of, 316n, 477

N.Y. property, 357n

Morris, William White:

and accounts of 1796 dinner, 246-7, 272, 281, 328-9

Morrison, James, 510

Morse, Jedidiah, 86, 87n, 594

Moses, 92

Mountflorence, James Cole, 46

Mount Vernon:

Niemcewicz visits, 399-400

Moylan, Stephen: and Madison's business affairs, 345, 603, 605, 619

Muhhekaneew Indians. See Mahican (Mohican) Indians

Muhlenberg, Frederick Augustus Conrad:

correspondence with Madison, 274, 276n

Madison writes, 299

loses election, 610, 612

Muir, Thomas, 565-7

mules:

TJ seeks to buy, 114, 158, 177, 282-3

and farm implements, 158, 282-3, 312

at Monticello, 249

Munford, William G. (d. 1804):

TJ's course of reading for, viii, 594-7

identified, 596-7n

letter from cited, 596

letter to cited, 596

Munford, William Greene (d. 1786), 596n

Murray, William Vans:

supplies data on Indian languages, 81n

and G. Logan's mission to France, 386n

and French desires to negotiate with U.S., 610-11

Mush Island, N.C.:

Short's landholdings at, 351-2

Muskingum River:

military campaign to, 106, 137, 138

Indian residences, Moravian activity along, 136, 138, 265n, 288, 305-10

Musschenbroek, Petrus van: Cours de physique, 594

Mustafa Dey (of Algiers), 449-50

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z