Volume 29 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

U

Ulloa, Antonio de

manuscript on Panama, 360-1, 406

and wheat in S. America, 509

Unicorn (ship)

seizure of, 612, 630n

United Irishmen, Society of, 140n

United States

France sends official units of measure, 229-30, 257

Army

proposal for provisional army, 371n, 421, 423n, 450 451

Senate supports expansion of, 393

and Whiskey Insurrection, 407

artillerists, 421, 423n, 450, 451

cavalry, 421, 423n, 433, 436

applications for commissions, 520

Cabinet

TJ on conflict in Washington's, 271

opposes Gerry's appointment, 420n

Congress, Fourth (4 Mch. 1795-3 Mch. 1797)

and compensation of families of Revolutionary War officers from France, 7, 144-5, 312

and postal roads, 7-8

and act for survey and sale of public lands, 10-11

seems endless, 49

adjournment of, 95, 108, 119

Gallipolis land grant, 152n

counts electoral votes, 281-2, 304, 305n, 306n

to notify president and vice president of election to office, 281-2, 306

and treaty-making power, 323

ransom to Algiers, 369n

authorizes, funds construction of frigates, 377n

and letters to constituents, 418-19n

avoiding war measures, 441

Congress, Fifth (4 Mch. 1797-3 Mch. 1799)

and TJ's letter to Mazzei, 74, 78-9

special session of, 76-7, 347, 351, 402

relations with France, 272, 361, 370-1, 380, 385, 429 455, 557, 586

and inauguration day, 311n

convening of, 325, 352

and arming of merchant vessels, 371n, 372, 416, 421-2 450, 451, 461, 588-9, 594, 595n

and reorganization of militia, 371n, 393, 416, 456 457n

act to provide for the defense of ports and harbors 372, 421, 422-3n, 425, 433-4, 437

bill for protection of trade (act providing a naval armament), 377n, 421-2, 423n, 425-6, 433-5, 436-7 461, 462

response to Adams's May 1797 address to, 379, 405, 431 438

talks of embargo, 386, 402, 461, 462

and defense measures, 416, 418n, 459-60

political divisions in, 416

prefers borrowing to raising taxes, 416

act prohibiting exportation of arms and ammunition 421, 423n, 426, 433, 436

artillery bill, 421, 423n, 450, 451

bill to prevent U.S. citizens from engaging in armed vessels (act to prevent citizens of the United States from privateering), 421, 423n, 426, 433, 436

delays in adjournment of, 422, 425, 432n, 433, 436 450, 451, 460, 461, 462

impact of European events on, 432, 459-60

newspapers report fully on, 437

TJ estimates cost of convening, 437

support for Jay Treaty in, 447

bill for convening fall session, 461

proposes tax on wine and liquor, 461, 462

and stamp act, 461, 462, 583, 586, 588

and grand jury presentment against S. Cabell, 490

memorial from Vincennes, 507-8

power of, in relation to executive, 522

on removal to Federal District, 528-9

and governance of Natchez region, 535-6

receives documents with president's May 1797 message 563-4

bill for officers at port at Wilmington, N.C., 583

and bill giving currency to foreign coins, 583-4, 589 594

and land tax, 583, 586, 587, 588

and Imlay's petition, 584

and naval buildup, 587-8, 588-9

and Blount impeachment, 589

convening of during epidemics, 592

little business in, 596

Courts

and foreigners' claims on funds in U.S., 208-9

influenced by politics, 417, 418n

influence on selection of jurors, 505-6

opened to suits of British creditors, 608, 615-16

Description

as refuge from European upheavals, 312-13

and loss of national character, 380-1

Economy

investments in government securities, 191, 464

economic failures and distress, 228, 255, 329-30, 458

drainage of specie to Britain, 370-1

impact of bankruptcies and seizures of U.S. vessels 373

impact of failure of Bank of England, 373

commercial stagnation, 412

Coxe on, 420-1

relationship of American merchants and British capital 522

See also Philadelphia

Executive

and treaties, 42

excessive power, influence of, 60, 370, 385, 522, 592

and authority over foreign establishment, 78

on official notification of election of office, 267

combines legislative and executive functions, 274

and treaty-making power, 323

role of presidency, 343

policy toward neutral powers, 344, 345n

and power to negotiate with foreign nations, 393

and power to purchase vessels and employ convoys 421-2, 434-5n

and power to raise provisional army, 421, 423n

and relations with France, 421-1

Government

policies follow British model, 407

and extension of diplomatic establishment, 411, 413n

right of citizens and their representatives to communicate freely, 491-504

House of Representatives

and Jay Treaty, 4, 5-6n, 7, 9-10, 25, 36n, 45-9, 51-2 55-7, 60, 62, 71, 72-3, 93-6

Debates in the House of Representatives, 46, 49n 60-1, 72-3, 109-10

refuses to adjourn for Washington's birthday, 46, 49n

call for Jay Treaty Papers, and president's refusal 54, 55-6, 60-1, 62

passes aid for Federal District, 56

and appropriations for treaties, 62, 70-1

considers embargo on corn and rye, 62-3

consulted on ransom for U.S. captives in Algiers, 69

Mr. Maclay's Motion. 14th April 1796, 71n

and debate on foreign intercourse bill, 78-9

Gallatin's speeches on finance, 124, 125n

and Bank of the U.S., 125n

considers aid for Lafayette's son, 126-7

Smith-Gallatin debate, 146

and policy toward France, 164-5, 252, 285, 366

and election of 1796, 214, 223-4, 228n

response to Washington's Dec. 1796 address, 218, 227

considers taxes, 265, 272-3, 285

and Monroe, 343, 366

role in foreign policy, 343

elect Condy as clerk, 372

response to Adams's May 1797 address to, 372, 373n 401, 402, 407, 411-12, 413-14, 416, 421, 425, 427 438, 443

and Madison's resolutions on Report on Commerce, 405

party divisions in, 414, 422, 426

Republican presence in, 437, 594

bill prohibiting U.S. citizens from serving on foreign vessels, 450

and Blount investigation, impeachment, 473n, 516-17

and privilege of members to correspond freely with constituents, 491-504

and TJ's grand jury petition, 524, 526-7

Navy

construction, manning of frigates for, 371n, 372, 375 377n, 416, 421, 422-3n, 425-6, 433, 434-5n

establishment of, 371n

O'Brien's suggestions for naval defense, 375-7

and Barbary States, 376

Dutch, Scandinavian examples, 376

and Italian states, 376

to assert U.S. independence from Europe, 377

and convoys, 393, 421, 425, 434-5n

Congress considers augmentation of, 421-2, 423n, 433-5 436-7, 461, 462

Adams advocates increases in, 587-9

as political issue, 594

Politics

consideration of taxes postponed during elections, 583

Public Finance

TJ on Hamilton's financial program, 5

TJ on public debt, 6, 124

TJ's accounts in France, 11-12, 30-4

congressional action on diplomats' expenditures, 12 17, 19, 23n, 24, 58

assignats on deposit, 122

Gallatin's speeches on, 124, 125n

debts and expenditures, 146

funding system and American politics, 214-15

and redemption of the public debt, 277-8

and pending war, 401

follows British model, 407

and TJ's tax plan, 416-17, 418n, 443

See also taxes

Public Opinion

on Jay Treaty, 4, 42

Washington's popularity, 124, 147, 290

on banks, 228

strong divisions over France, Britain, 230, 448-9

British influence, 363-4

proposed separation of northern, southern states 363-4

regional political positions misrepresented, 364

wishes peace with France, 370

and Genet, 471

French travelers uncomfortable in U.S., 483

and taxation, financial policies, 520

Senate

rejects Rutledge nomination, 4-5

and treaties, 9, 42, 54n, 60

TJ requests Hawkins's notes on, 43

records of, 67-9, 93

onU.S. captives in Algiers, 68-9

and Jay Treaty, 71, 73, 342, 437, 517, 614n, 629n 630n

and six-year term for senators, 157n

approves Explanatory Article to Jay Treaty, 228n

to notify president and vice president of election to office, 267

administer oath of office to vice president, 281

consulted on transfer of power to new administration 304-5

and TJ's notification as vice president, 304

TJ's address to, 310-12

replies to Adams's May 1797 address, 372, 373, 374n 392-5, 401, 411, 443, 459

address to John Adams, 392-5

supports negotiations with France, 394-5

address from John Adams, 396

unity of sentiment with president, 396

Federalist control of, 411, 412n

and J. Q. Adams's appointment, 411, 412-13n

confirms diplomatic appointments, 420, 448, 450, 487n

resolution on appointment of C. C. Pinckney, 420

bill for provisional army, 421, 423n, 450, 451

bill for raising cavalry, 421, 423n, 433, 436

TJ depicts work in, 430

considers authorizing president to lay embargo, 461 462

resolution on Blount, 472-4

appoints first investigative committee, 472n

Blount's impeachment trial, 473-4n

memorials from Charleston merchants, wharfholders, 567 570

delay in TJ's attendance, 568, 575-6

elections of senators, 594, 595n

TJ presides over, 633-4

Supreme Court

and carriage tax, 4n, 10

appointment of Chase, 5, 42, 124

Ellsworth as chief justice, 42, 124

and Va.-Md. boundary, 263n

counsel in McCulloch v. Maryland, 359n, 454n

Dartmouth College case, 359n

United States (U.S. frigate), 422n

Universal Gazette (Philadelphia)

TJ endorses, subscribes to, 416, 418n

See also Smith, Samuel Harrison

Ursula (TJ's slave)

TJ mortgages, 98

Utrum Horum? The government; or, the country? (Dennis O'Bryen)

TJ sends to Madison, 433-4, 435n

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