Volume 29 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

J

Jackson, Andrew

and Battle of Enitachopko, 170n

and mammoth fossils, 398

as congressman, 413n

Jackson, David, 401

Jacobs, William S.

draws megalonyx specimens, xxxix, 300n

James (Randolph slave)

works at Edgehill, 260

travels with T. M. Randolph, 569

James River

difficulty of connecting with western rivers, 151

climate and health by, 175

cold weather interrupts shipping on, 260-1

lands on, 533n, 547-8, 549

mentioned, 568

James River Company

canal reaches Richmond, 5

Short's shares in, 6, 316-17, 463, 523

Pollard's handling of shares of, 278n

borrows from partners, 317

Jaudenes, Josef de, 195

Jay, John

correspondence of, 8n, 610-31

commission, instructions as envoy, 10, 605-10, 629n, 630n

as secretary of foreign affairs, 19, 23-4n

letter to cited, 23n

as minister to Spain, 23n

letter from cited, 24n

reputation associated with treaty, 148

and Hamilton, 236n, 517

Paine criticizes, 340

ignores neutral powers, 344

and Federalist politics, 558

as likely candidate for governor, 594

and treaty of peace with Britain, 608

assesses treaty, 626

and relations with Algiers, 628-9

and U.S. relations with France, 629

health, 631n

Jay Treaty

in House of Representatives, 4, 5n, 7, 9-10, 42, 45-9, 51 54, 55-7, 62-3, 70-1, 93-5

public response to, 4, 36n, 70-1, 72-3, 94

TJ's views on, 4, 42

and U.S. spoliation claims, 6, 607-8, 611, 612, 614, 627 631n

and Pinckney's Treaty, 9-10, 48-9, 286

and northwest posts, 48, 609, 610, 612, 615, 616, 624-5 626

description of supporters of, 60

Supreme Court and, 71-2

and American politics, 74, 147, 198-9n, 343, 345n

pressures for implementation of, 94

petitions for, against, 95-6, 108, 129n

legislation for execution of, 95n

and U.S. relations with France, 108-10, 359, 405

and claims of British creditors, 154n, 373, 608, 614 615-16, 617, 618, 621, 623, 627, 631n

resented in France, 214-15, 230, 340, 342, 345n, 419n

explanatory article to, 228

Monroe justifies to French government, 230, 231n

and debate on treaty-making powers, 323

Paine on, 340

and neutral nations, 344, 345n, 613, 617, 621, 622-3, 628

definitions of contraband, 345n, 614, 615, 621, 623, 628

and Hamilton's communication with Hammond, 345n

E. Rutledge discusses, 357

effects on commerce, 366

Spain's response to, 372, 374n

Charleston's response to, 411-12

in Senate, 437, 614n, 629n, 630n

support for in Congress, 447

ratification of, 517

negotiation of, 605-31

Jay's instructions for commercial treaty, 609

and impressment of sailors, 612, 613, 614, 621, 623

boundary issue, 613, 614, 615, 616-17, 619-22, 626-7

Jay's proposals to Grenville, 613, 615-16

and privateers, 613, 615, 616, 628

Jay explains provisions of, 614-15, 625-9

and sequestration of debts, 618, 621, 627

and East Indies, 628

mentioned, 36, 596n

See also

Grenville, William Wyndham Lord

Peace Treaty Definitive (1783)

West Indies, British

Jefferson, Field, 578n

Jefferson, George

letter to, 577-8

letter from, 598-9

identified, 578n

handles TJ's business affairs in Richmond, 569, 577-8 598-9

letter to cited, 599n

Jefferson, George, & Co., 587

Jefferson, Isaac (1775-ca.1849, TJ's slave)

in marriage settlement of Mary Jefferson, 549

blacksmith's equipment for, 586

Jefferson, John Garland

letter to, 222-3

letter from, 185

searches land records for TJ, 185

letters from cited, 185n, 222n

considers moving to Tenn., 222-3

Jefferson, Mary (Maria, Polly, TJ's daughter)

letters to, 314-15, 399, 429-31, 576-7

letters from, 308, 428, 579

courtship, marriage to J. W. Eppes, vii, 186, 226, 424 425n, 429-30, 531-3, 546-51, 564

affection for sister and family, 27, 274, 308

regards sent to, 49, 54, 61, 106, 118, 148, 154, 156, 164 488, 509, 517

and visitors at Monticello, 131-2, 428

accident at Monticello, 273, 572-3, 575, 579, 596

at Varina, 308, 351

TJ's affection for, 309, 314, 322, 328, 379, 414, 425, 430 451, 462

friendships, 314, 325-6, 397, 399

affection for TJ, 334

correspondence with TJ, 349, 586

and trip to Monticello, 349

TJ's purchases for, 424, 579

rumored to be ill, 483, 507

Monroe extends invitation to, 566

travels to Eppington, 577, 579

mentioned, 518

Jefferson, Peter (TJ's father)

will of, 43n, 66

and land records, 66, 185

survey of Fairfax grant, 263n

Jefferson, Randolph (TJ's brother)

agreement with, 66-7

land transaction with TJ, 66

letters to cited, 66-7n

letters from cited, 67n

Jefferson, Thomas

Agriculture

builds threshing machine, vii, 129, 167, 168-9, 170 187-9, 207, 211, 231-2

exchanges ideas, seeds with various people, vii-viii 61, 82, 465-8, 518-19

corresponds with British Board of Agriculture receives diploma, xl-xli, 318 (illus.), 449-50

designs moldboard plow, xli, 140

foresees placing farms under direction of others, 7

crop rotation plan, 128-9, 245-6

experiments with crops, 128-9

devotion to, 139

works to restore farms, 153

Questions on the Cow Pea, 179-80

to plant cow peas and orange trees, 231, 232, 455

sends farm implements to Britain, 318-19, 450n, 545-6

exchanges seeds with P. Fitzhugh, 322-3, 346, 380, 415 559-60

receives, distributes breadfruit seeds, 347-8, 387-8 487

sends rice to Charleston, 367, 487

exchanges ideas, seeds with Strickland, 510-12, 514

says he plans to tenant out his farms, 518

and markets for beef and mutton, 529

See also

clover clover seed corn Monticello Taylor, John (of Caroline) Tobacco wheat

Architecture

renovation of Monticello, vii-viii, xxxviii-xxxix, 318 (illus.) 352

consulted on residential designs, 170, 345-6

design for Va. penitentiary, 309-10, 335-9

designs Va. Capitol, 310n, 335

designs unfamiliar to workmen, 352

acquaintance with Clérisseau, 389

Design for Chimney and Flues, 605

Business and Financial Affairs

account with James Brown, 26, 27n, 112, 203

and Cobbs suit, 26-7, 63-4

search for land records, 42, 185

Banister estate's debt to, 45n, 102

land transactions, 52, 66, 213, 219-20, 287

arranges work on house, 57-8

debt to Kippen & Co., 93

intends to sell land, 93

debt to Henderson, McCaul & Co., 96, 97-8, 202-4 306-7

debt owed by Barton, 165-6, 182, 192, 201

seeks overseer, 170

debt to W. Welch, 173, 268

and Ast's insurance plan, 190-1, 239-44

collects bonds in Bedford Co., 202-4, 307

Kinsolving's debt to, 204

arrangements with R. Hanson, 213, 220

refuses to ask anyone to serve as his security, 268

settlements of accounts, 288

advises Cathalan, 368

with E. Randolph, 459

suit against Ronald estate, 476-8

requests A. Stuart's help in collecting payments, 525

uses vice presidential salary for Monticello renovation 531

accounts, ledgers described, 541-2n

transfers business in Richmond to G. Jefferson, 577 598-9

with Madison and Monroe, 591, 592n

See also

Barnes, John Short, William Van Staphorst & Hubbard Wayles estate

Character

described, 149n

Guillemard praises, 154

reputation in Europe, 154

as issue in election of 1796, 193-5

attacks on, 427

called a philosopher and a citizen, 465

Correspondence

Madison obtains copies of, 8n

fatigued from writing, 11

the "Mazzei letter," 73-88

sends Mazzei Second Inaugural Address, 80-1

urges correspondents to keep his letters out of newspapers, 80, 371, 417-18, 429, 445, 527-8, 556-7

copies letters from memory, 234-7, 249-51

fails to retain press copies, 234, 247

expects letter to be shown to Adams, 281

withholds signature from letters, 318

Gerry suspects interception of mails, 387, 398-9

extracts, queries on TJ's letter to P. Fitzhugh, 418, 557, 560-1

fears interception of letters, 442, 445, 460, 529-30

in Hamilton's Observations, 459, 460, 542-3, 562

places extract of letter in Aurora, 583-4

and Monroe's letters to Dawson, 595n

Educational Theories

and education of blacks, 120, 177-8

Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge 177-8, 287-8

Election of 1796

elected vice president, viii, 255-6, 261

and campaign for electors in Va., 193-9

as a reluctant candidate, 199, 264

and electoral votes, 211, 258, 261, 266

urged to accept vice presidency, 218, 226-7, 229, 262 269-70, 342

endorses Adams as president elect, 223-4, 234-7, 247-8 250, 270

news of election results, 227-8

supporters' expectations, 229

seeks accommodation with Adams, 234-7, 362-3

receives congratulations on vice presidency, 251 326-7, 334-5, 368-9, 370, 485, 534

supplies information to A. Stuart, 253

on acceptance of office of vice president, 258, 289 362

expectations of friends in France, 312

praised by E. Rutledge for patriotism, 356-7

discusses effect of Washington's popularity on, 438-9

Governor of Virginia

and British invasions of 1781, 193-4

acquaintance with Paroy, 570-2

mocked by L. Martin, 582

Health

TJ on decline of, 83

hopes for improvement of, 166-7

rheumatism, 351, 352, 399, 428

indisposed with a cold, 575, 583, 596

House of Delegates

service with W. Cocke in, 199

Law

collects and preserves Va. laws, 158, 168, 276, 283 569

Dickenson v. Paulett, 189

seeks rules of parliamentary procedure, 275-6, 283 633

marriage settlements, 532-3

Marriage Settlement for John Wayles Eppes, 547-8

Marriage Settlement for Mary Jefferson, 549-51

Library

Encyclopédie, 4, 160-1

requests books, pamphlets, 4, 160-1, 192, 201, 224

books and pamphlets sent to, 46, 49n, 60, 105-6 114-15, 182, 183, 205, 248-50, 256, 319, 361, 480

Pinckney Treaty sent to, 48

lends Faden's map of South America, 105-6, 115

loans Va. statutes, 172

obtains works on languages, 202n

Pougens as source for books, 333, 464

La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt to buy books for, 463

Minister to France

settlement of accounts, 11-25, 33-4, 37-9

departure from France, 19

balance owed to Va., 39-40

entertains friends, 325

and Oglethorpe estate, 347, 348n, 387

and French politics, 470-1

Nailery

nailrod and iron stock for, 7, 62, 88-9, 531, 540-2 577

and suppliers of nailrod, 7, 55, 88-9, 95

sale of nails, 99, 158, 358, 481, 525, 540-2, 587

importance to TJ, 229

buildings described, 242-3

Statement of Nailery Profits, 540-2

workers at, 540-1

accounts described, 542n

nails ordered by Madison, 591, 592n

Opinions

on Gallatin, 6

on public finance, taxation, 6, 520, 594

opposes federal support for postal roads, 7-8

on Pinckney Treaty, 7

opposes citizenship certificates for U.S. seamen, 35-6

on treaty-making powers, 51

on Washington, 51, 252-3

on changes in American politics, 73-88, 456-7

on Madison, 127, 129n, 223, 346-7, 380

on relations with France, Britain, 146, 269, 290 448-9

on France as residence for Eliza Monroe, 147

on use of medicine, 169

on ignorance and despotism, 178

favors publication of official letters and state documents, 205

on marriage, 210

on candidacy for president, 211, 223, 235-6, 247-8 250, 275, 362

on Crèvecoeur's depictions of frontier inhabitants 225

on political ambition, 232-3, 235, 236-7, 258

on politics and public life, 233

on Adams, 234, 271, 280-1, 352, 552

on prospects of war, 235, 237, 269, 431, 432

on nature of man, 248-51, 259

on Rittenhouse, Franklin, 251, 252n, 276-7

on distaste for popular dissatisfaction, 258

on following the will of the people in elections, 266

opposes ceremony, 267, 274, 281

on conflict in Washington's cabinet, 271

on foreign influence in U.S., 289

on mortgages as investment, 317

on farming as an occupation, 318, 522-3

on financial speculations, 329-30

on convening of Congress, 347, 416, 418n

on his isolation from the public, 353

on presidency as "splendid misery," 362

on Britain's influence over U.S., 363-4

on need for U.S. neutrality, independence from European entanglements, 363-4, 415

war with France preferable to U.S. disunion, 364

on defeat of Beckley as House clerk, 372

on political tolerance, social harmony, 396-7, 603

on role of women, 397

on political divisions, 404-5

on Jay Treaty, 405, 437-8

compares U.S. and British policies, 407

on federal courts and grand juries, 418-19n, 496, 502 505-6

on war policies of executive and legislative branches 438

on future of republicanism in America, 439

on sacrifice and public service, 449

says foreign connections should have a new arrangement 456-7

on prospects of emancipation, insurrection, 519

says executive has become too strong, 522

on natural right of free correspondence, 526-7

on opening roads in Va., 529, 530

Personal Affairs

courtship and marriage of Mary Jefferson, vii, 186 226, 424, 429-30, 547-8

interest in history, historical records, 7, 361

gathers information on kitchen stoves, 25

cares for T. M. Randolph's business affairs, purchase orders, 26-7, 413, 414n, 436-7

plans to be absent at election for Albemarle Co. delegates, 27

recommends R. H. Rose and J. Rose, 34

and wine orders, 36, 322, 469

orders rope, 63, 90

groceries for, 90, 324

refuses bill for Ceracchi bust, 121

introduces Volney, 131-4

introduces Liancourt, 137, 138

aids Derieux, 141

forwards Volney's valise, 175, 220, 224-5, 229, 237 257

advises J. G. Jefferson, 222-3

notes document copying process, 246

sausage recipe from E. Edwards, 313-14

affection for family, 314, 399

desires to keep family near Monticello, 328, 334, 430 532-3

and smallpox inoculations for grandchildren, 349

urges Trists to settle near Monticello, 350-1

and Wirt, 359n

orders beer, 360

sends news to Va. merchants, 370-1, 379, 386, 428-9 583

evaluates Philadelphia newspapers, 416, 434, 442

values family tranquility, 424

orders newspapers, 441-2

lacks confidence in post office, 442

news of Mary's trip to Eppington, 572-3

fears grandchildren will forget him, 597

Political Theories

respect due from officeholder to electorate, 259, 270

on monarchical and republican aspects of U.S. Constitution, 289

on state involvement in collection of federal taxes 416-17, 418n, 443

as advocate of separation of powers, 493-504

on autonomy of states, 525-6

Politics

criticized as ally of France, xxxvii

seeks information on sedition acts, 35

as author of "Mazzei letter," 73-88, 382-5, 488-90 505

and plans for measures against Jay Treaty in House 198-9n

distrusts Hamilton, 234, 362, 517-18, 542-3

gathers gossip, intelligence, 309, 517-18, 551, 592-3 596

apologizes for T. M. Randolph's nonattendance at election, 349

sends political news to H. Gates, 407

refuses to respond to charges in newspapers, 410n, 416 527-8, 600

analyzes congressional actions, 411-12, 586, 588

and defense preparations in Congress, 421-2

on party division in House of Representatives, 422

criticizes special session of Congress, 433, 450, 461 462

and appointment of Gerry, 450

and Adams, 475, 560-1

aids Bache, Callender, 536, 544, 561, 630n

and publication of Monroe's View, 544-5, 561, 562-3 564-5

receives praise, 566-7

relationship with J. Henry, 590-1, 602-3

Portraits

political cartoons, xxxvii, xl

by J. Sharples, xl, 318 (illus.)

bust by Ceracchi, 119, 121

Public Service

appointed to Va.-Md. boundary commission, 262-3, 271-2 278-9

laments return to public life, 424

Religion

refers to valley of Jehosaphat, 153

prays for restoration of T. M. Randolph's health, 169

Retirement

shuns everything but agriculture, vii, 139

seeks papers on Little Sarah, 128, 143, 178

postpones letter writing, 205

prefers private life, 232, 258-9, 270, 275, 289

says he has no desire to govern, 232, 258

reads few newspapers, no pamphlets, 235, 236

did not seek return to public life, 362

says tranquility is the old man's milk, 457

Scientific Interests

and Buffon, 113-14, 292-3, 295-8, 409-10n, 601

and fossil remains, 113

on theory of degeneracy, 113

and J. Williams's barometric observations, 130-1 139-40

measurements of elevations, 139

dispute with Imlay, 174-7

and trans-Mississippi west, 174-7

comparative studies of languages, 201-2, 367-8, 400n 445-7

and theories of extinction, 206, 294-8, 303n

Indians, frontier whites as human types, 225, 238, 259

France sends official units of measure, 229-30, 257

records weather data, winds, 258, 259-60, 596

criticizes Cuvier's taxonomy, 301n

early information on megatherium, 301n

purchases scientific instruments, 315-16, 436-7

sends tooth and bone of mammoth, 360, 391

and Oliver's perpetual motion invention, 377-9 408

does not collect natural history specimens, 389-90

and Ellicott's observations, 535

See also

American Philosophical Society Louis of Parma megalonyx Notes on the State of Virginia

Secretary of State

influence on Pinckney Treaty, 3, 4n, 195

appointed, 20-1, 40

and public opinion, 21

and negotiations on impressment of U.S. seamen, 35-6

keeps records for personal use, 67-9, 93

questions on neutrality and the French alliance, 127 129n, 141-2

seeks papers on Little Sarah, 128, 143, 178

Fraunces's position during TJ's tenure as, 460

and British evacuation of northwest posts, 624

letter to Hammond of 5 Sep. 1793, 624

Slaveholder

mortgages slaves, 96-9, 166-7, 209-10

gives slaves to Mary Jefferson, 532, 547, 549-50

instructions to improve work habits, 586

See also slaves

Travels

between Monticello and Philadelphia, vii

says he dreams of spending winters in Norfolk, 153

to Philadelphia, 261, 270-1, 274, 300n, 308-9, 379 575, 576-8, 583

to Richmond, 272n

from Philadelphia, 314-15, 422, 425, 432, 436, 459 461, 462

visits Madison, 569

Vice President

fulfills duties in Senate, viii, 311, 583, 633-4

takes oath of office in Philadelphia, viii, 255-6, 261 270-1, 274, 281, 282, 318, 320

views on office of vice president, viii, 271, 273-4 311, 362, 633

and official notification of election, 266, 267, 281-2 304, 305-6, 307-8

Address to the Senate, 310-12, 633

receives official papers, 325

salary payments to, 325n, 531, 534

Gerry on Adams-TJ relationship, 326-7

occupied by callers, 352

criticized as pro-French, 359-60

depicts work in Senate, 362, 430, 596

O'Brien's suggestions on naval defense, 375-7

signs and delivers address to Adams, 392-5

aversion to ceremony, 395n

delays attending sessions, 395n, 568, 575-6

resides at Francis's hotel, 412n, 469, 536, 576, 585

on prospects of war with France, 429

raises point of order in Senate, 434-5n

presides over Blount's impeachment trial, 473-4n

on Adams's diplomatic appointments, 486-7

learns of British harassment of ships, 515-16, 519-20

and patronage, 520

on removal to Federal District, 528-9

and appointments, 564

delivers Wolcott's report on Imlay's petition, 584n

awaits news from envoys at Paris, 586, 589

on expense of congressional sessions, 589

makes notations on Senate documents, 633-4

Writings

Petition to Virginia House of Delegates, viii, 490 491-504, 505-6, 524-5, 526-7, 566

Statement on Accounts as Minister Plenipotentiary in France, 13-24

Agreement with Randolph Jefferson, 66-7

Deed of Mortgage of Slaves to Henderson, McCaul & Co. 97-8

Deed of Mortgage of Slaves to Van Staphorst & Hubbard 98-9, 209-10

Imlay utilizes Report on Public Lands, 176n

Declaration for the Mutual Assurance Society, 239-44

Memorandum on Farming Operations, 244-6

Notes on a Copying Process, 246

Memoir on the Megalonyx, 291-304

Notes on a Paragraph by John Henry, 309

Address to the Senate, 310-12

Bill for Proportioning Crimes and Punishments, 310n

Notes on Plan of a Prison, 336-8

Table of Estimates, 339

and "Anas," 486-7n

Note on Diplomatic Appointments, 486-7

Notes on Alexander Hamilton, 517-18

Note on Spanish Expenditures, 551

Notes on Conversations with John Adams and George Washington, 551-3

Notes on Comments by John Adams and Robert Goodloe Harper, 592-3

Notes on a Conversation with Tench Coxe, 596

first record of Logan's speech, 601, 604n

prints, distributes letter to J. Henry, 603n

Notes on John Jay's Mission to Great Britain, 605-31

Manual of Parliamentary Practice, 633

"Parliamentary Pocket-Book," 633

See also

Declaration of Independence

Logan (Mingo Indian)

Notes on the State of Virginia

Jefferson Co., Ky.

described, 204n

Jemm, Dr. See Gem, Richard

Jenny (TJ's slave)

TJ mortgages, 98

Jewell, Joseph, 100

Jews

in Richmond, 119n

Joe (Randolph slave)

works at Edgehill, 260

John (TJ's slave)

TJ mortgages, 98

John (ship)

wrecks, 594, 595n

Johnson, Capt. (Mass.), 366-7

Johnson, Richard, 44n

Johnston, Mr., 574

Johnston, Charles

TJ's account with, 91, 360

conveys natural history specimens, 155, 481

and shipments to TJ, 212, 315, 386, 424

and TJ's transactions, 288n, 481, 484, 523, 534, 542

and tobacco insurance, 413

and TJ's business affairs in Richmond, 577

Johnston, Charles, & Co.

TJ's account, transactions with, 45n, 189, 231, 278n

TJ to make center of affairs, 50

"Jonathan Pindar"

pseudonym used by St. G. Tucker, 192

Jones, Allen

letter to, 388

letter from, 513-14

identified, 388n

corresponds with TJ on breadfruit, 388, 513-14

Jones, Epaphras, 75

Jones, Joseph

and Monroe's business affairs, property, 5, 41-2, 124

son attends school at St. Germain, 164

forwards books to TJ, 256

Jones, Joseph, Jr., 164

Jones, Walter, 469n

Jones, William, 65n

Jordan, Benjamin

supplies nailrod, 541-2

letter from cited, 542n

letters to cited, 542n

Jouett, Robert

as candidate for Va. General Assembly, 27, 52

death of, 124

Journal des Arts et Manufactures (France)

presented to APS, 102n

Joyce (b. 1796, TJ's slave)

in marriage settlement of Mary Jefferson, 549

Joyner, John

sails from Holland to America, 466

Jupiter (TJ's slave)

brings chair and horses to TJ in Fredericksburg, 425, 436

juries, grand

of U.S. Circuit Court in Philadephia, 70-1

as threat to civil liberties, 417, 418n

charged with prosecuting offenses against U.S., 418n

influences on, 444-5

and petition against S. Cabell, 491-504

TJ suggests limitations on service on, 492, 497, 503-4

abuses of system, 505-6

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z