Volume 27 Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R T U V W Y Z

R

rabbits

for TJ, 723

Rachel (ship), 831

Ramsay, Nathaniel

letter to cited, 39n

reappointment as marshal, 39n

Randall, John

appointed Annapolis customs collector, 94n

Randolph, Mr.

and Creek hostilities with Ga., 463n

Randolph, Ann Cary

alleged incest and infanticide, 86n

Randolph, Anne Cary (TJ’s granddaughter)

health, 465

TJ’s affection for, 468, 524

Randolph, Beverley

expected in Philadelphia, 64

Randolph, David Meade

letters to, 9, 85

letter from, 259

recommends Gregorie as consul at Dunkirk, 9

visits Monticello, 15

forwards letter, 16-17, 26

and orrery for TJ, 85, 259, 373-4

Randolph, Mrs. David Meade, 85

Randolph, Edmund

letter to, 587

letters from, 38, 683, 809, 817

and British trade restrictions, li, 50, 59n, 454-5, 475-9n, 489

and case of Betsy brigantine, 10

and case of Jesse, 12

and Richmond address in support of Proclamation of Neutrality, 13

and Proclamation of Neutrality, 18, 399-401, 411-13

and compensation for French prizes, 22, 33, 622n

and restoration of French prizes, 22, 33, 426

and Galbaud’s dispute with Genet, 33-4, 75-8

and Pagan v. Hooper, 38, 106

and coastal fortifications, 46-7, 428, 453-5

and Knox’s report on defense, 46-7

and British right to bring prizes into U.S. ports, 49

and case of Riviere, 49

and case of William Tell, 49

and detention of French prizes in U.S. ports, 49

and French captures of prizes in U.S. territorial waters, 49, 342-3n, 374n, 383n, 385n, 426

and French consular admiralty jurisdiction in U.S., 49-50, 426

and French fleet in N.Y., 49-50

and French privateers commissioned by Genet in U.S., 49, 622n

and Genet’s recall, 49, 399-401

and threatened revocation of French consular exequaturs, 49

and case of Flora, 50

and French right to fit out privateers in U.S., 50, 371-2n

and infractions of peace treaty, 50, 426, 454-5, 475-9n, 826-8

reviews TJ’s correspondence, 74

and detention of French sailors, 75-8

and Genet’s request for arms for French West Indies, 134n

summoned to Germantown, 219

yellow fever threatens relocation of Congress, 228-9

and President’s authority to relocate Congress, 255, 297-8

and U.S. guarantee of French possessions in America, 289n, 400

and Southwest Territory, 328

and maritime jurisdiction of U.S., 329n, 341n, 426

and case of Conyngham, 342-3n, 374n, 426

and case of Pilgrim, 342-3n, 426

and Genet’s threat to appeal from Washington to American people, 367-8, 399-401, 453-5, 527-8, 530n, 583, 587-8, 589

and case of Industry, 371-2n, 383

and case of Moissonnier, 375n

and case of Roehampton, 383, 426

and case of William, 383n, 385n, 426

and Hamilton’s opinion of French Revolution, 384

plans to retire, 395-6

access to public archives, 396n

plans to write history of Washington administration, 396n

and President’s annual address to Congress, 399-401, 411-13, 423-4n, 428, 453-5, 476-9n

TJ delivers letter to, 407

and address of French consular commissions, 426, 489

and case of Lovely Lass, 426-7

and case of Prince William Henry, 426-7

and exequaturs for foreign consuls, 426, 489

and case of Dannery, 427

and case of Duplaine, 427

and case of Jane of Dublin, 427

and proposal for military academy, 428, 453-5

and tonnage duties from Saint-Domingue refugees, 461-2, 489

remains in Germantown after yellow fever epidemic, 467

and French trade restrictions, 475-9n

and Mint, 488

and British captures of U.S. ships, 489

and case of Nancy, 489

and pardon for C. Freeman, 495n

and G. Morris’s recall, 505

advises J. Randolph, 506-7

and Genet’s attempt to sue Jay and King for libel, 527-8, 530n, 583, 587-8, 589

letter to submitted to Washington, 589

and free ships and free goods, 599

succeeds TJ as Secretary of State, 615-16, 638

and case of Hope, 622n

and Genet’s right to appeal from Washington to Congress, 632, 649n

and publication of Genet’s correspondence, 632, 649n

memorandum for, 649-51

as successor in TJ’s law practice, 670n, 671-2n, 683, 817n

and Patent Board, 783n, 792n, 797n, 798n, 803-4, 837n, 839n, 853

and Pa. land purchase, 809

and punishment of U.S. citizens committing murder on high seas, 809

manuscripts for, 817

Randolph, Gabriella (Mrs. Thomas Mann Randolph, Sr.)

and husband’s will, 465n

Randolph, Jane Cary

TJ’s affection for, 345

described, 345n

Randolph, John, of Roanoke

legal studies of, 506-7, 609

Randolph, Martha Cocke (Mrs. Beverley Randolph)

visits Monticello, 64

Randolph, Martha Jefferson (Patsy, Mrs. Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr., TJ’s daughter)

letters to, 64, 345, 467-8, 608-9

TJ’s affection for, 21, 299, 345, 397, 432, 497, 524, 609

TJ leaves papers with, 322

affection for TJ, 323

marriage of, 348-9, 449

health, 465, 467, 590

letters from cited, 523, 524n

art lessons, 734

inattention to dress, 734.

See also Jefferson, Martha (Patsy, TJ’s daughter)

Randolph, Peyton (1721?-1775)

bookcases of, 771

mentioned, 817

Randolph, Richard

alleged incest and infanticide, 86n

Randolph, Richard (of Curles)

receives votes for Va. Committee of Safety, 679

Randolph, Ryland

weight of chain of, 674

receives vote for Va. Committee of Safety, 679

Randolph, Thomas Jefferson (TJ’s grandson)

health, 465

TJ’s affection for, 468, 524

Randolph, Thomas Mann, Jr. (TJ’s son-in-law)

letters to, 20-1, 121-2, 274-5, 299, 396-7, 431-2, 496-7, 498, 637-8

letters from, 294-5, 322-3, 377-8, 464-5, 590, 800

memorandums to, 267

and orrery for TJ, 85, 374, 467

and instructions for Watson, 267

and TJ’s furniture, 271-2, 377, 492

manages TJ’s affairs, 274-5, 322-3

and mortgage on Varina, 294-5, 348-9, 394-5, 396-7, 496, 590

TJ’s affection for, 345, 468, 609

and telescope for TJ, 376

and father’s death, 377, 464-5, 497

and father’s health, 377, 432

acquires Tarquin, 378, 432, 638

and sheep for TJ, 432, 590

praised by TJ, 449

executor of father’s estate, 464-5

and instructions for Alexander, 483, 497

and model of threshing machine for TJ, 494, 498

and horses for TJ, 524, 608, 638

complains about postal service, 590

TJ forwards printed copy of foreign correspondence, 609

letter from cited, 638n

letter to cited, 638n

elected to American Philosophical Society, 656n

marriage settlement, 776-7

marriage to Martha Jefferson, 776-7

mentioned, 64, 345, 394, 807

Randolph, Thomas Mann, Sr.

letters from, 723, 776-7

health of, 294, 333, 348-9, 377

and mortgage on Varina, 294-5, 348-9, 396, 590, 776-7

death of, 464-5, 497

legal client of TJ, 668-70

surety of Carr estate, 675n

receives vote for Va. Committee of Safety, 679

given pecan trees by TJ, 723

offers TJ beer, 723

and Edgehill boundary dispute, 773-6

son’s marriage settlement, 776-7

election to Va. Senate, 800

Randolph, William

executor of father’s estate, 465

Randolph, William (of Tuckahoe)

land transactions of, 668-9

Rankin, George

and British retention of Western posts, 448, 610n

Rausan (Rohan, Rozan), Mme Briet de

vineyard, 762, 843

Rausan-Margaux (Rohan-Margau, Rozan)

TJ evaluates wine, 762, 843

Rawle, William

letters to, 338-9, 384-5, 456, 512

instructions to, 340

and President’s authority to relocate Congress, 297-8

and maritime jurisdiction of U.S., 338-40, 384

letters to submitted to Washington, 340n, 385n, 391, 392

and case of William, 382, 384-5, 392, 417, 426, 512

letter from cited, 385n

and French captures of prizes in U.S. territorial waters, 410

and alleged threats to French consuls, 456

Rea, Isaac

master of the Phenix, 264n

Read (Reade), George, Jr.

letter to, 338-9

instructions to, 340

and maritime jurisdiction of U.S., 338-40, 384

letter to submitted to Washington, 340n, 391

Read, Nathan

letter from, 790-1

distillation improvements, 790-2, 803

steam engine improvements, 790-2, 803

identified, 791n

petition to Patent Board cited, 791n

invention of steamboat, 838n

Reade, Clement

estate of, 683n

Reade, Mary

in legal dispute, 683n

Reade, Thomas

in legal dispute, 683n

Reading, Pa.

possible meeting site of Congress, 228, 254

Washington visits, 334, 378, 399

Rebecca (brig)

carries dispatches, 200

Rebecca (ship)

French refugees mistreat Saint-Domingue deputation on, 430n

Reboulle, M.

vineyard, 762

Reddie, William

and case of San Josef, 627n

Reed, Walter

and yellow fever cure, xlix

Reed & Ford (Soder)

and alleged French refugee plots in U.S., 436, 486-7n

Reedy creek, Va.

land transactions at, 669

reexports

from U.S., 536, 553, 567

from Spain to Spanish colonies, 537, 540, 547n, 549n, 554, 559, 568, 573, 641

from U.S. to Portugal, 537, 555, 569

none from France, 537-8, 556, 570

none from Portugal, 537, 555, 569

none from Spain, 537, 555, 569

from Great Britain, 538, 546n, 547n, 548n, 557, 571, 578n

from Netherlands, 538, 557, 571

of manufactures from U.S. to Sweden forbidden, 539, 558, 572

and duties proposed by TJ, 543, 551n, 562, 576

from Great Britain to Sweden, 548n, 557-8, 572

from Spain, 641

register of Va. land office

removal to Richmond, 690

Registry Court, British

and British captures of U.S. ships, 11

Reid, Mr.

land transactions of, 669

reindeer

TJ’s interest in, 736.

See also renne

Relation de deux Voyages Faits en Allemagne (César François Cassini de Thury)

and Va.-Md. boundary, 54

Remsen, Henry

letters to, 93, 335-6, 807

letters from, 102-3, 173-5, 200-1, 238, 485

memorandums to, 785-6

and gong for great clock, lii, 840n

and model of threshing machine for TJ, 3, 66, 102, 173-4, 200, 336, 485, 494

and inkstand for TJ, 93, 175, 336

forwards letters, 97n, 173-5, 198-9, 200-1

letter to quoted, 97n

on yellow fever epidemic, 174-5, 238

and removal of offices to Philadelphia, 785-6

and TJ’s furniture from Paris, 786n

and issuance of passports, 790

and patent applications, 790-1, 797n

and copies of reports for Washington, 807

and E. Randolph’s papers, 817

mentioned, 198

renne

TJ’s interest in, 739.

See also reindeer

Report of the Commissioners for the Settlement of the Accounts between the United States and the Individual States

and final settlement of state accounts, 504

Report of the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council on the American Trade (Charles Jenkinson, Lord Hawkesbury)

and TJ’s report on commerce, 532, 578n

Reports and Arguments (Sir John Vaughan)

valuation by TJ, 670

Reports in English (Sir Edward Coke)

valuation by TJ, 670

Reports of Adjudged Cases in the Courts of Chancery, King’s Bench, Common Pleas and Exchequer (Sir John Strange)

valuation by TJ, 670

Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench (William Salkeld)

valuation by TJ, 670

Reports of Cases argued and determined in the High Court of Chancery (William Peere Williams)

cited by TJ, 727n

Républicaine (French privateer)

and French right to fit out privateers in U.S., 195

Republican (French privateer)

and French right to fit out privateers in U.S., 422

Republican (French privateer and British tender)

captured by Boston, 77n

Republicans

and TJ’s report on commerce, li, 534-5

overturned by Genet, 7

resolutions on neutrality by, 16, 18-19n, 19-20, 28-9n, 144-5, 237

and TJ’s retirement as secretary of state, 17

abandonment of Genet, 26-7

weakened by Hutchinson’s death, 62

British attitude toward, 276

and U.S. right to navigate Mississippi, 444, 630-1

and prospects for monarchy in U.S., 631

Residence Act

and location of executive offices, 254

Revol, M.

innkeeper, 767

Rhenish grape

vine sent to TJ, 278

Rhode Island

district attorney for, 160

Duplaine as vice-consul for, 185

agriculture in, 193

and ratification of Constitution, 194

and Madison’s revenue plan, 729

and export of fish, 788

and slave trade, 800

Rhode Island, College of

professor of law, 194n

Rhode Island, Governor of. See Fenner, Arthur

Ricard, Samuel

Traité Général du Commerce, 545n

Ricardos, Antonio

and Spanish war with France, 126

rice

Philadelphia prices, 7-8

captured by French, 158, 159n, 337n

and Lucas’s inventions, 236

export to Spain, 536, 547n, 554-5, 568, 800

U.S. exports of, 536, 553, 567, 801-2

export to France, 537, 555, 569

duties on in Great Britain, 538, 540, 556, 559, 570, 573

duties on in Sweden, 539, 540, 545n, 557, 559, 571-2, 573

export to British West Indies, 539, 549n, 558, 572

export to French West Indies, 539, 549n, 558, 572

export from U.S. to Portugal forbidden, 540, 547n, 555, 559, 569, 573, 800

duties on in Denmark, 548n, 557, 565n, 571, 801-2

reexport from Great Britain, 548n, 557, 571, 578n, 800

duties on in Danish West Indies, 549n, 559, 573

export from U.S. to Spain forbidden, 579-80, 641

from Cochinchina, 760

seed imported for TJ, 760, 787

Richards, Benjamin

master of Augusta, 135, 155

Richardson, William John

master of Hope, 611, 634-5n

Richmond, Va.

and model of threshing machine for TJ, 4, 7, 21, 66, 336

address in support of Proclamation of Neutrality, 16, 18n, 27-8n, 145n

Genet visits, 27

TJ’s stores sent to, 64

and wine for TJ, 152, 260

Short considers purchasing lots in, 202-3

mail service at, 225

and TJ’s furniture, 272, 377, 586, 607, 608

Ast, Bingham & Co. at, 307

TJ’s business dealings with, 360

and travel to Monticello, 483

and public securities, 615-16

seat of government removed to, 690

British raid on, 705-6

militia rendezvous at, 719

Riedesel, Frederika, Baroness von

affection for Mrs. Jefferson, 683-4

Riedesel, Friederich Adolphus, Baron von

letter from, 683-4

congratulates TJ on election as governor, 683-4

and baggage of Convention troops, 684

rifles

U.S. purchase of, 46

Rittenhouse, Benjamin

recommends Voigt as chief coiner of Mint, 826n

Rittenhouse, David

letters to, 47, 311-12

and camera obscura, 47

and engraver for Mint, 191, 229, 311-12

health, 238, 394

and copper for Mint, 311-12, 589

letters from cited, 312n, 646n

and sureties for officers of Mint, 645-7

and Mint clerkships, 826

letter from quoted, 826n

and treasurer for Mint, 826n

Rittenhouse, Hannah Jacobs (Mrs. David Rittenhouse)

TJ’s affection for, 312

health, 394

Riviere, Joseph

detained in Ga., 49, 73-4

rix-dollar

value in comparison to dollar, 545n, 566n

value in comparison to florin, 545n

Roberteau, Capt. (master of Henry), 235n

Robertson, James (Jamaica)

master of Providence, 627-8n

Robertson, James (Southwest Terr.)

and Spanish relations with Southern Indians, 585n

recommended as militia general, 787

Robertson, John

reports on conditions in Algiers, 822-4

Robins (Robbins), Roger

arrives in Philadelphia, 60

assisted by Cathalan, 96n

Robinson, Moses

letter from cited, 30n

recommends Hitchcock, 30n

Robinson, Thomas (Eng.)

letter from, 755

sells TJ tools, 755

identified, 755n

Robinson, Thomas (master of Portland)

ship of captured by British, 11-12n, 52

Rochampton. See Roehampton

Rochegude, Daqueria

wine ordered from, 767

Rockbridge Co., Va.

letter to county lieutenant of, 691-3

and defense of western frontier, 691-3

militia, 691, 693n, 708

Rocketts landing (Richmond), Va.

and TJ’s furniture, 465, 607

Rock landing

and Creek hostilities with Ga., 585n

Rodman, Capt. (master of Hamilton), 525-6

Rodney, George Brydges

expected to attack Chesapeake Bay, 686

Roebuck (ship), 11

Roehampton (Rochampton) (ship)

captured by Industry, 183, 316-19, 321-2, 368-73, 383, 392

and case of Moissonnier, 375, 426

and restoration of French prizes, 418-19, 426

Rogers, Byrd

overseer for Shadwell and Lego, 299, 497, 524

Rogers, David

killed by Indians, 688, 698, 699

Rohan, Mme de. See Rausan (Rohan, Rozan), Mme Briet de

Rohan-Margau. See Rausan-Margaux (Rohan-Margau, Rozan)

Roland (French privateer)

freed by Duplaine, 6, 13-14, 80-1n, 260, 261

captures Flora, 50

Romanée (Romanie)

vineyard, 761

Ronald, William

debt to TJ, 255

Roney, John

recommended by Lambert for Mint clerkship, 825-6

Rooksby (ship)

carried to Cádiz, 253

Rootes, George

receives votes for Va. Committee of Safety, 678

rope

for Va. naval vessels, 693-4.

See also cordage

Rose (slave)

bequeathed by Ann Eppes Harris, 682

Rose, Mr.

land transactions of, 669

Rose, Duncan

member Va. Board of Trade, 687n

Ross, Clementina Cruikshank (Mrs. John Ross)

TJ’s affection for, 406

Ross, David

letter to, 795-6

and mortgage on Varina, 294, 397, 590, 776

land transactions of, 677

disputed account with TJ, 795-6

Ross, David (Md.)

and accounts of Federal District Commissioners, 74-5

Ross, John (Md.)

and accounts of Federal District Commissioners, 75n

Ross, John (Pa.)

letters to, 110, 406

letter from, 111

account with TJ, 110-11, 198, 406

and TJ’s salary, 110-11, 116

health, 298, 406

letter from cited, 406n

and TJ’s report on commerce, 549n

Ross, Robert

ship captured by Dutch privateer, 136

Roussillon, France

invaded by Spain, 5

Naples reinforces Spain in, 155

wines of, 844

Rouvray, Édouard de

attempted murder of, 220n

Rouvray, Laurent François Le Noir, Marquis de

attempted murder of, 220n

Royal Observatory, Greenwich, England

Leslie visits, 154

Rozan. See Rausan-Margaux (Rohan-Margau, Rozan)

Rozan, Mme de. See Rausan (Rohan, Rozan), Mme Briet de

Rozanna (ship)

and Portuguese-Algerine truce, 264n

R<sc158>desheim, Germany

TJ evaluates wine of, 763

Ruines; ou Méditation sur les Révolutions des Empires, Les (Constantin François Chasseboeuf Volney)

translation prepared by TJ and Barlow, 391n

rum

export from French West Indies, 167, 539, 549n, 558, 572, 640

export from British West Indies, 539, 558, 572

and import duties proposed by TJ, 551n

captured by French, 634n

distillation into brandy, 792

export from Demerara and Surinam, 800

Danish import duties, 802.

See also tafia

Rumsey, James

improvements to steam engine, 791, 803

invention of steamboat, 797n, 803, 837-8n

improvements to mills, 803

Runnels, Abraham

letter to, 9-10

and case of Betsy brigantine, 9-10

Rush, Benjamin

bout with yellow fever, 123

letter from cited, 853

requests certification of citizenship for friend, 853

Russell, William

and Va. troop recruitment, 700

Russia

tenancy in, 205

neutrality of, 258

and free ships and free goods, 598-600

joins League of Armed Neutrality, 600n

Ledyard’s attempted journey across Siberia, 764

Ruston, Thomas

memorandum from, 743-4

calculations on national debt, 743-4

identified, 744n

Rutherford, Griffith

and southern campaign, 697

Rutledge, Edward

letter to, 638-9

letter from, 336-7

possible successor to TJ as Secretary of State, 17, 298, 638-9

and case of Trial, 336-7

and relief of Saint-Domingue refugees, 336-7

pressed to perform public service, 638-9

Rutledge, John, Jr.

bills of exchange for, 764

permitted to visit Toulon dockyards, 770

Rutledge (Rutlidge), John, Sr.

and TJ’s appointment as peace commissioner, 728

R

Saabÿe, Hans Rodolph

letter to, 95-7

and case of Betsy, 96n

and case of Hamilton, 96n

letter forwarded to, 97n

recommended as consul at Copenhagen, 802

letter from cited, 848

sailcloth

duties on, 841

St. Augustine, E. Fla.

made free port, 579-80, 641

St. Barthélemy (St. Bartholomews), W.I.

trade regulations, 578n

trade with Norfolk, 611, 634n

St. Christopher, W.I.

proposed U.S. consul at, 35

U.S. ship seized at, 484

St. Clair, Arthur

letter to, 111

letter from cited, 111-12n

summons Northwest Territory legislature, 111

and French plan to liberate Louisiana, 313n

St. Croix, W.I.

U.S. trade with, 351

Saint-Domingue, W.I.

refugees from, xlix, 5-6, 32n, 70, 113, 146, 282n, 284-9, 347-8, 404-6, 429-30, 436, 482, 614, 629

relief of refugees from, 10, 15, 65, 89, 93, 336-7

tonnage duties from refugees from, 43n, 99, 103, 172-3, 191, 229, 280-2, 303n, 435, 461-2, 489, 522-3, 525, 582n

alleged French refugee plots against, 113, 436, 458, 486-7

Industry armed at, 183

and French privateers commissioned in U.S., 269n

British occupation of, 284-9, 334, 345, 629

alleged plots by refugees from, 295-7

and alleged British plots against U.S., 304n

U.S. ship seized at, 336-7

French Commission at, 344n

slave revolt in, 385-7, 404-6, 468, 482n, 614; delegation from insulted in Philadelphia, 404-6, 429-30, 436, 460-1

U.S. attitudes toward slave revolt, 405n

refugees from threaten consuls, 456

U.S. trade with, 460-1

and U.S. debt to France, 487-8n

St. Helens, Alleyne Fitzherbert, Baron

and British alliance with Spain, 24

Saint-Julien de Chabon, Jean René César

and capture of Toulon, 155

St. Kitts. See St. Christopher, W.I.

St. Lucia, W.I.

Genet’s report on, 405n

Saint Marc, Saint-Domingue

and case of Trial, 337n

and Talon’s business affairs, 461n

St. Marys river

and Creek hostilities with Ga., 463n

and slaves stolen from E. Fla., 650

St. Petersburg, Russia

trade with Lisbon, 525

St. Pierre

abortive French naval campaign against, 290-1n, 386n

St. Thomas, W.I.

U.S. trade with, 155

trade with Bordeaux, 253

Salkeld, William

Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench, 670

Sall (Sal), Little (slave)

drowns, 778

son of, 779n

Sall (Sal), Old (Sal the Elder, slave)

deeded to TJ by mother, 675-6

children of, 779n

Sall the Younger (slave)

deeded to TJ by mother, 676

Sally (brig)

released from French captivity, 96n

salmon, salted

export to French West Indies, 639

Salome (ship)

carries macaroni to TJ, 198

salt

export from Portugal, 263

salted beef

duties on in France, 537, 555, 569

duties on in Danish West Indies, 549n, 559, 573.

See also beef

salted fish

export to Spain, 536, 554, 568

U.S. exports of, 536, 553, 567

duties on in France, 537, 555, 569

export to Portugal, 537, 555, 569

export from U.S. to Great Britain forbidden, 538, 547n, 556, 570

duties on in French West Indies, 540, 549n, 559, 573

export from U.S. to British West Indies forbidden, 540, 549n, 558, 559, 572

duties on in Danish West Indies, 549n, 559, 573.

See also

bacalao

fish

salmon, salted

salted meats

U.S. exports of, 536, 553, 567

salted pork

export from U.S. to British West Indies forbidden, 539

export from U.S. to French West Indies forbidden, 539, 540, 558, 559, 573

duties on in Danish West Indies, 549n, 559, 573.

See also pork

salted provisions

export to Spain, 536, 554, 568-9

duties on in France, 537, 540, 555, 559, 569, 573

export to Portugal, 537, 555, 569

export from U.S. to Great Britain forbidden, 538, 540, 547n, 556, 559, 570, 573

export to Sweden, 538, 557, 571

duties on in French West Indies, 539, 549n, 558, 572

export from U.S. to British West Indies forbidden, 539, 540, 549n, 558, 559, 572, 573.

See also provisions

Saltonstall, Richard R.

letter from, 772

seeks State Department post, 772

saltpetre

U.S. purchase of, 46

Salus, M. See Lur-Saluces (Luz-Saluz, Salus), Comte de

Samson, Old (slave)

death of, 778

Sangrain (Saugram), Pierre Tourtille (Tourlille)

interest in importing American oil, 753

San Josef (ship)

captured by Aimée Marguerite, 268-9, 310-11, 313, 343-4, 346, 392

and restoration of French prizes, 422, 445, 446-7, 625-8

Sans Culotte (French privateer)

captures Maxwell, 26n

captured by Orion, 49

captures Fanny, 104

Sans Culotte (French privateer of Honfleur)

captures Lawrence, 158n

Sans Culottes (French privateer)

captures Betsy brigantine, 9-10

captures Pilgrim, 319-20, 342-3, 421n

captures Conyngham, 342-3, 374, 421n

and case of Moissonnier, 375

and French captures of prizes in U.S. territorial waters, 417, 421n, 618

Sansom, Philip

and case of Portland, 11-12n

Sans Pareil (French privateer)

captures Jesse, 12

Santa Fe

duties on flour, 578n

Sarah (slave)

deeded to TJ by mother, 676

Saratoga, Convention of. See Convention troops

Sardinia

war with France, 265

Sardinia, King of. See Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia

Sargent (Sarjeant), Jonathan. See Sergeant (Sargent, Sarjeant), Jonathan Dickinson

Sassenay (Sarsnet), Marquis de

vineyards, 761, 842

Saugram, Tourlille. See Sangrain, Pierre Tourtille

Sauterne wine

TJ evaluates, 763, 843-4

Savannah, Ga.

and circular letter to merchants, 269-70

Savery, Thomas

steam engine, 797, 803, 804

Saxe-Coburg, Friedrich Josias, Prince of

rumored capture of Paris by, 125

military reverses, 232

Schneider, Mr. See Shnydore (Schneider), Ignatius

Schroeppel, George C.

and case of Andrew, 159-60n

Schuyler, Philip

and Hamilton’s bout with yellow fever, 174

Scot (Scott), Robert

engraver for Mint, 191-2, 424

letter to cited, 192n

Scott, Charles

in S.C. campaign, 694

Seagrove, James

and Creek hostilities with Ga., 463n

and Spanish relations with Southern Indians, 584-5n

and slaves stolen from E. Fla., 650

letters extracted by TJ, 818

Seagrove, Robert

and Creek hostilities with Ga., 463n

sea letters. See passports

sealing wax

offered by TJ to Washington, 306

seal of Department of State

use of mandated, 855-7

seal of the United States

use of mandated, 855, 856

seamen, French

detained in Philadelphia, 510-11, 597, 605, 607

seamen, impressment of

in Bristol, 29

in Falmouth, 29, 52

in Plymouth, 29

P. Bond’s expected information on, 92

and proofs of U.S. citizenship, 150

in London, 160

Genet’s comments on, 288

seamen, U.S.

detention of free black sailors, 264n

need to encourage, 541-2, 560-1, 574-5

need to protect, 789

Sears, Isaac

and case of William Tell, 46n

Seche, François (Francis)

TJ’s servant, 786

Seckel, David

relations with Monroe, 395

Séguier (Segur), Jean François

collection at Nîmes, 767-8

Ségur, Louis Philippe, Comte de

and R. Morris’s land speculations, 206

Selden, Richard

horses captured by, 710

Select Cases Argued and Adjudged in the High Court of Chancery

cited by TJ, 727n

Selting, Germany. See Zeltingen (Selting), Germany

Senate, President of the. See Adams, John

Senate, U.S. See United States: Senate

Senf, John Christian

recommended as Va. state engineer, 714

mentioned, 713

sequin

exchange rate with sterling, 823

Sercey, Pierre César Charles Guillaume, Marquis de

and French plan to liberate Canada, 385-7

commands French fleet, 634

Sergeant (Sargent, Sarjeant), Jonathan Dickinson

and Currie v. Griffin, 118-19, 493

death of, 119n, 238, 493

letter from cited, 119n

letter to cited, 119n

Sermon, Preached in New-York, July 4th, 1793, A (Samuel Miller)

TJ acknowledges copy of, 26n

Seton, William

witnesses wedding of F. Crèvecoeur, 781

Sevier, John

militia brigadier, 787

Sévigny, Collin de (Abbé Colin)

and French refugee plots in U.S., 460-1

Seymour (Seymore), Richard

detained in Ga., 73-4

Shackleford, Tom (TJ’s slave)

mule cart of, 267

Shadwell (Jefferson estate)

overseer for, 483, 497, 524, 582

burial at, 675n

TJ leases from mother, 676

sharecropping. See métayage

Sharlott. See Charlotte (Sharlott, slave)

Shawnee Indians

TJ’s advice on treatment of, 693

expeditions against, 693n

Shays’s Rebellion

reaction to in New England, 220-1

Sheaff, Henry

memorandum to, 842-4

obtains TJ’s evaluation of wine, 842-5

identified, 844-5n

sheathing paper

duties on, 841

sheep

for TJ, 432, 590

Sheffield, Alcors

master of Two Sisters, 252

Sheffield, John Baker Holroyd, Earl of

Observations on the Commerce of the American States, 532, 548n, 578n

Shelby, Isaac

letter to, 312-13

letter from, 196

and French plan to liberate Louisiana, 196, 311, 312-13, 314, 345-6, 392, 445

letter from submitted to Washington, 196n

letter from cited, 849

Shenandoah Co., Va.

letter to county lieutenant of, 691-3

and defense of western frontier, 691-3

militia, 691-3, 708

Sherburne, John Samuel

described, 39-40

and TJ’s religious views, 39-40

Sherburne, Samuel

letter to, 338-9

instructions to, 340

and maritime jurisdiction of U.S., 338-40

letter to submitted to Washington, 340n, 391

sherry

for TJ, 60

TJ evaluates, 842

Yznardi advises TJ on, 845n

Shifflet, Joyce

and exchange of bad money, 683n

shingles

for Monticello, 267

Shippen, Jane Wood (Mrs. Thomas Lee Shippen)

health of, 345

Shippen, Thomas Lee

bout with yellow fever, 345

ships, U.S.

captured by British navy, 8-9

captured by French privateers, 10-11, 12-13, 158, 159-60, 224-5, 525, 534

captured by British privateers, 52, 54, 201, 264n, 377, 489, 491

captured by Algerines, 107, 135, 139, 197n, 253, 284n

captured by British, 118, 138, 149-50, 160, 184, 190, 197n, 484, 535

detained by Portuguese, 141, 149, 223-4, 239, 282-3

captured by Spanish navy, 155, 252-3, 327, 499

released by British, 155

protection by French navy, 157

and British trade restrictions, 160, 540, 552n, 559, 563, 564-5n, 573, 577

French colonial ports opened to, 164-9, 362

offered convoy by Portugal, 265-6, 608n

captured by French navy, 305n

recaptured by British privateer, 305n

detained at Port-au-Prince, 336-7, 525

and French trade restrictions, 365-7, 534, 540, 559, 573, 640-1

plundered by French privateer, 383n

recaptured by British navy, 526

exports of, 536, 553, 567

export to Spain, 536, 554, 568, 642

tonnage statistics, 536, 554, 568, 578n

export to Portugal, 537, 555, 569

naturalization denied in sales to France, 537-8, 540, 545n, 555, 559, 569-70, 573

trading privileges in France, 537, 555, 569, 580n, 640-1

trading privileges in Portugal, 537, 555, 569

trading privileges in Spain, 537, 555, 569

export to Netherlands, 538, 557, 571

naturalization denied in sales to Great Britain, 538, 540, 556, 559, 565n, 570, 573

trading privileges in Great Britain, 538, 546n, 547-8n, 556-7, 570-1, 642

trading privileges in Netherlands, 538, 557, 571

British West Indies closed to, 539, 546n, 549n, 558, 572

Portuguese West Indies closed to, 539, 558, 572

Spanish West Indies closed to, 539, 558, 572

trading privileges in French West Indies, 539, 549n, 558, 572, 639-41

trading privileges in Sweden, 539, 557, 571-2

and Swedish trade restrictions, 540, 559, 573

need to encourage, 541-2, 560-1, 574-5

and duties proposed by TJ, 543, 551n, 562, 566n, 576

trading privileges in Denmark, 548n, 557, 565n, 571

trading privileges in Dutch West Indies, 559, 573

trading privileges in Swedish West Indies, 559, 573

offered for U.S. navy, 581, 589, 605

trade duties affecting building and equipping of, 840-1

Shirley (Va. estate)

rabbits at, 723

Shirley, Thomas

proclamation on trade, 578n

shirts

for army, 698

Shnydore (Schneider), Ignatius

and fresco painting for TJ, 93, 784-5

Shockoe landing (Richmond, Va.)

and TJ’s furniture, 607

Shoemaker, Jacob

and alleged French refugee plots in U.S., 486-7n

Shoemaker, James

and case of Delaware, 436

shoes

for Mrs. Adams, 751

Shoolbred, James

exequatur for, 61, 82-3

Shore, Harding

and case of Portland, 11-12n

Short, William

letters to, 88, 614-15

letters from, 161-3, 201-18, 324-8, 350, 356-8

memorandums to, 766-8

and War of First Coalition, 5

and Spanish relations with Great Britain, 24

and joint commission to Spain, 86, 88, 326-7, 357-9

correspondence with TJ forwarded to Pinckney, 91

business affairs, 108, 137, 201-8, 225, 238, 354-5, 408n, 427-8, 492, 614-17, 806

and navigation of Mississippi, 142, 161-3, 519-20

TJ’s letters forwarded to, 142

and U.S. boundary with Spain, 142, 161-3, 519-20

and Spanish relations with Southern Indians, 161-3, 519-20

letter from submitted to Washington, 163n

and missing letter bag, 200-1

and tenant farming in Va., 201-2, 204-5

and slave tenancy, 204-5

desires diplomatic promotion, 209-14, 324-6, 350

and Spanish diplomatic protocol, 209-12

defends diplomatic conduct, 212-18

and books for TJ, 217-18

letter of credence for, 218

TJ translates papers sent by, 305-6

literary pursuits, 325

and U.S. debt to France, 327

and TJ’s retirement, 356

accounts with U.S., 357

and possibility of U.S. treaty of alliance with Spain, 357-8

forwards letters, 398, 794

letters to copied, 402-3

letters forwarded to, 498

and U.S. trade with Spain, 519-20, 643n

and case of Lafayette, 643

account with U.S., 650

visits England, 749, 750

TJ advises on French travel, 766-8

witnesses power of attorney, 766

permitted to visit Toulon dockyards, 770

and case of Jane, 807

and free port status for New Orleans, 845

letters from cited, 847, 848, 849

Siberia

Ledyard’s attempted journey across, 764

Siddons, Sarah, 750

Silesian loan

and Pagan v. Hooper, 38-9

silk

fashion for muslins depresses industry, 753

silver

coinage of, 450, 645-8

captured by French, 627-8n

export from Louisiana and E. and W. Fla., 641

amount and proportion of in dollar, 809-11, 813-14, 821-2

Simcoe (Simpcoe), John Graves

scouts U.S. defenses, 287

Simon (slave)

deeded to TJ by mother, 676

bequeathed to TJ’s brother, 779n

Simpson, James

letters from, 155-6, 224

and Barclay’s effects, 155

letters from submitted to Washington, 156n, 224n

and Portuguese naval protection against Algiers, 224

letters from cited, 224n, 848, 849

Sinclair, Sir John

Plan for establishing a Board of Agriculture and Internal Improvement, 66-7

queries on agriculture, 66-7, 637

sinking fund

action to stem Panic of 1792, 825

TJ’s dissenting opinion on, 825

See also Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, U.S.

Sion (ship)

and missing letter bag, 200

Sirus. See Cyrus (Sirus, slave)

Sisters (ship)

captured by British, 54

Six Nations. See Iroquois Indians

Skinner, Nathaniel

and Portuguese-Algerine truce, 235n

skins

U.S. trade in, 788

Skipwith, Fulwar

appointed consul at Martinique, 402, 403

and case of Jane, 806-7

Skipwith, Henry

and Short’s business affairs, 202

land transactions of, 673n, 681

Skjöldebrand, A.

proposed mission to Algiers, 466

Slaughter, George

and expedition against Indians, 692

Slave lake. See Great Slave lake

slavery

S. Miller’s views on, 26n

Harriott’s views on, 193

and métayage system, 204-5

Short’s views on, 204-5

slaves

TJ’s to be taught gardening, 21

captured by French, 46n

captured by Dutch, 96n, 136

TJ agrees to free James Hemings, 119-20

sale of TJ’s, 255

fears of revolt in U.S., 285-6, 405n, 614

proposed sale by T. M. Randolph, Jr., 294, 348

health of TJ’s, 378, 824

and Whitney’s cotton gin, 433-4

restitution of from Spanish colonies, 519

captured by Indians, 630

fugitives from E. Fla., 650

stolen from E. Fla., 650

TJ obtains deed to mother’s, 675-7

inheritance of, 681-2, 724, 725, 778-9n

and Madison’s revenue plan, 731

TJ rents mother’s, 778

and cotton spinning, 783

slave trade

to Louisiana and E. and W. Fla., 641

to Cuba, 800

Smith, Ambrose Joshua

land transactions of, 668-9

Smith, Benjamin

and case of Providence, 343-4n

Smith, Daniel

secretary of Southwest Territory, 323-4, 328, 651, 787

militia brigadier, 787

letters from quoted, 787n

Smith, Henry

and pardon for C. Freeman, 440-1

Smith, Israel

and appointment of district judge, 30n

letter from cited, 30n

Smith, Jonathan Bayard

trustee of University of the State of Pennsylvania, 804n

Smith, Meriwether

letter from, 718

and Nathan’s claim against Va., 718

and waiver for Davies, 718.

See also Virginia: Delegates in Continental Congress

Smith, Pascal N.

and case of William Tell, 46n

Smith, Samuel (Md.)

letter from, 806-7

sells Va. military supplies, 699

and case of Jane, 806-7

Smith, Thomas (Va.)

as agent in Europe, 694

Smith, William Loughton

candidate for Speaker of the House, 297

and TJ’s report on commerce, 535

Smith, William Stephens

and G. Morris’s recall, 505-6

visits England, 750

Smiths, DeSaussure & Darrell

and case of Commerce, 10-11

and case of Lawrence, 158n

snakeroot

as remedy for seasonal ague, 279

Snowden, Isaac

and case of Andrew, 159-60n

Söderström, Richard

letters to, 85, 409

letters from, 389, 466, 581

and case of Betsy brigantine, 9

and case of Betsey, 84, 85, 389-90

letter from cited, 85n

and neutrality rules, 389-90, 409

and Skjöldebrand’s proposed mission to Algiers, 466

letter from submitted to Washington, 466n

and Danish representation in U.S. by Swedish consuls, 581

Sonthonax, Léger Félicité

and Talon’s business affairs, 461n

Soubeinan, Mme

vineyard, 762

South Carolina

British consul for, 61, 83

and arming of Citoyen Genet, 78

and French plan to capture E. and W. Fla., 295-7, 619-20

and alleged French refugee plots in U.S., 356, 614

and rumored slave rebellion, 614

and Madison’s revenue plan, 731

census returns, 816

South Carolina, Governor of. See Pinckney, Charles

southern states

need for threshing machine, 3-4

Harriott’s views on, 193

slave tenancy in, 205

French émigrés plot slave rebellion, 285-6

and cotton gin, 499

South Quay, Va.

cannon at, 707

Southwest Territory

report on, 323-4, 328, 650-1

Blount leaves for, 785

militia, 787

appointments, 787n

boundary with North Carolina, 796

land grants within, 796

Spaight, Richard Dobbs

and case of San Josef, 311, 313, 343-4, 346, 392, 445, 446-7, 626-8

Spain

and war with France, 5, 126, 149

alliance with Great Britain, 24-5, 135

proposes alliance against U.S., 24-5, 142, 220-1, 288

possible U.S. war with, 32

and alleged French refugee plots in U.S., 41

U.S. relations with, 86, 88, 91-2, 327, 350, 357-9, 454, 462-4, 475, 476n, 518, 533, 609, 617, 622-5, 650

and navigation of Mississippi, 92, 142, 161-3, 444, 519-20, 585n, 604, 622-5, 630-1

Portugal reinforces, 125, 126, 140-1, 187, 425n

captures Toulon, 135, 153, 155, 227, 334, 345

and boundary with U.S., 142, 161-3, 519-20, 604

defeated at Perpignan, 142

Naples reinforces, 155

navy captures U.S. ships, 155, 252-3, 327, 499

and Chickasaw-Creek War, 161-3, 584-5

relations with Great Britain, 162

relations with Southern Indians, 163, 288, 462-4, 519-20, 584-5, 591, 603-4, 622-5

U.S. trade with, 166-7, 470, 519-20

and French plan to liberate Louisiana, 176-80, 196, 290-1, 311, 312, 314, 631n

diplomatic protocol of, 209-12

Short procures books for TJ in, 217-18

mint of, 218

trade with Portugal, 221

and Portuguese-Algerine truce, 231, 263, 498-9

and case of San Josef, 268-9, 310-11, 627n

and British occupation of Saint-Domingue, 284-6

detains Danish ships, 357-8

opens ports to Algerine pirates, 470

proposed treaty of commerce with, 533-4, 817

duties on U.S. exports to, 536-7, 540, 549n, 554-5, 559, 568-9, 573, 579-80

tonnage of U.S. shipping to, 536, 554, 568

U.S. exports to, 536, 546n, 553, 567-8

U.S. meal reexported to colonies of, 537, 547n, 554, 568

direct trade forbidden between U.S. and colonies of, 539, 540, 558, 559, 572, 573

U.S. imports from, 546n, 554, 568

ordinance on foreign flour, 578n

creates free ports in colonies, 579-80, 641-2

and free ships and free goods, 598-600

and League of Armed Neutrality, 600n

and French plan to capture E. and W. Fla., 619-20

proposed Va. loan, 688

naval operations during American Revolution, 689

captures Baton Rouge and Mobile, 698-9

proposed loan to Va., 698-9

captures Natchez, 723-4

relations with Algiers, 752-3

rice imports, 800

dollar of, 810, 811, 813, 821

proposed convention with on fugitives, 816

relations with Morocco, 817

and uniform system of weights and measures, 819.

See also

Carmichael, William

Gardoqui, Diego de

Jaudenes, Josef de

Short, William

Viar, Josef Ignacio de

Spanish language

professional translator of, 334-5

TJ learns from reading Don Quixote, 739-40

Sparre, Fredrik

instructs Swedish consul to represent Denmark, 389-90

Sparta

example of cited by Genet, 286

Specht, Johann Friedrich

letters forwarded to, 689

spinning machines

Arthur proposes to build, 499

spirits, grain

duties on in Netherlands, 538, 545n, 557, 571

Spotsylvania Co., Va.

militia, 706-7, 708

Springfield, Mass.

arsenal at, 46

Spurck, Peter

constructs great clock, lii, 508, 840n

and little balance clock for TJ, 508

squashes

Mazzei seeks seeds, 399n

Squire (slave)

deeded to TJ by mother, 676

Stafford Co., Va.

militia, 706-7, 708

Starman, William

and case of Andrew, 159n

State Gazette of South-Carolina (Charleston)

and alleged French refugee plots in S.C., 286-7

stationery

for Department of State, 490.

See also paper

Staunton, Va.

neutrality resolutions of, 16, 18n, 28n

and sheep for TJ, 432

staves

captured by British, 52

Stay, John

mariner of Pilgrim, 320n

steamboats

N. Read’s invention of, 791-2n, 838n

Fitch’s invention of, 797n, 804, 837-8

Rumsey’s invention of, 797n, 803, 837-8n

J. Stevens’s invention of, 797n, 838n

Briggs’s invention of, 838n

steam carriage, land

N. Read’s invention of, 792n

steam engine

Jonathan Lucas’s improvements, 236, 309

N. Read’s improvements, 790-2, 803

J. Stevens’s improvements, 797, 803-4

Cruse’s improvements, 803

Rumsey’s improvements, 803

stepladder

used by TJ to wind great clock, lii

Steptoe, James, 677

Sterett, Samuel

letters to, 15, 93

letter from, 64-5

and relief of Saint-Domingue refugees, 15, 64-5, 89, 93

letters from cited, 65n, 781-2n, 794n

letter to cited, 115n

recommends Folger for consular appointment to Barbary States, 781-2n

seeks Baltimore surveyorship, 794n

Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron von

letters from, 707, 712, 713-14

troops for, 703, 708, 712

and British raid on Richmond, 706

arms for, 707

correspondence with Lafayette, 713

plan for defense of Va., 713

recommends Senf, 714

Stevens, Edward

letter from, 709

and Culpeper Co. neutrality resolutions, 237

reinforcments for, 701n

discharge of militia under, 709

stores arms in Va., 709

Stevens, John

letter to Patent Board, 797

steam engine improvements, 797, 803-4

invention of steamboat, 797n, 838n

Stewart, Mr. See Stuart (Stewart), Archibald

Stewart, Dugald

TJ’s esteem for, 3

Stewart, Walter

surveyor and port inspector of Philadelphia, 421, 424-5

and bills of exchange for Department of State, 654

and port charges in West Indies, 808

Stockdon, Mr.

boards with Eliza Trist, 492

Stone, Michael Jenifer

letter from, 790; introduces Hobson to TJ, 790

identified, 790n

Strange, James

letter to, 805

TJ’s account with, 805

Strange, Sir John

Reports of Adjudged Cases in the Courts of Chancery, King’s Bench, Common Pleas and Exchequer, 670

Stuart (Stewart), Archibald

letter to, 432

and Staunton neutrality resolutions, 16, 18n

and sheep for TJ, 432, 590

Suffolk, Va.

and transportation of military supplies, 696

Suffren de Saint-Tropez, Pierre André

naval command, 770

sugar

captured by British, 52

export from French West Indies, 164, 167, 362, 640

export from British West Indies, 539, 558, 572

manufacture from maple, 546n, 551n

and import duties proposed by TJ, 551n

captured by French, 634n

improvements of Jonathan Williams, Jr., in refining, 839, 859

Superior, Lake

communication with Slave lake, 793n

Supreme Court, U.S. See United States: Supreme Court

Surinam

U.S. exports to, 800

Surveillant (Surviellant) (ship)

carries dispatches, 219

surveyors

acts concerning, 721, 722

Swabia (Suabia), Duke of

anecdote about, 221

Swaine, John

plans to resume National Gazette, 497

Swan, James

letter from cited, 849

Swann, Thompson

land dispute of, 672

Swanwick, John

and bills of exchange for Department of State, 654

Swearingen (Van Swearingen), Josiah

letter to, 691-3

Sweden

and British trade restrictions, 58, 101, 143-4

warship of in Mediterranean, 187

consul of represents Denmark, 389-90n, 409

neutrality of, 470

tonnage of U.S. shipping to, 536, 554, 568

U.S. exports to, 536, 546n, 553-4, 567-8

duties on U.S. exports to, 538-9, 540, 545n, 557-8, 559, 571-2, 573

colonial trade regulations, 540, 559, 573, 578n

U.S. imports from, 546n, 554, 568

and free ships and free goods, 598-600

and League of Armed Neutrality, 600n

Sweeny, Doyle

and Department of State accounts, 659-60

sweetwater grape, black

vine sent to TJ, 278

sweetwater grape, white

vine sent to TJ, 278

Swinburne, Henry

A Treatise of Testaments and Last Wills, 727n

swords

for cavalry, 720

Symmes (Symes), John Cleves

absence from Northwest Territory, 111

syrup

export from French West Indies, 166, 640

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R T U V W Y Z